Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus&nbsp; ISSN : 2651-2009 (Online) is An Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus. The main objectives of the journal 1)To promote and publicize the academic and research works on Buddhism, Philosophy, Education, Political Science, Public Administration and interdisciplinary studies of the Humanities. 2)To be the forum for exchanging knowledge and views concerning the research methodology and the research infrastructure in the field of Buddhist studies and social sciences in order to cope with the educational quality assurance. 3)To promote innovation and develop the quality of the research on the fields that are helpful to national development. The target groups are faculty member, authorities, researchers and students both inside and outside the university. Open to research articles Academic Articles And or book reviews&nbsp; to consider published in a journal. All published articles have been reviewed by at least 2 experts in a double blind peer-reviewed manner. Period of issue : Two volumes per year (January-June and July-December). The Journal accepts manuscripts in both Thai and English language.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Since the 9th year, issue 2 (July - December 2020), the journal has been discontinued as a copy of the ISSN: 2286-6906 (Print) document available online. International Standard Number of Journalism (ISSN) Online Type of Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus is E-ISSN: 2651-2009 published search. And download information at <a href="https://so01.tcithaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU">https://so01.tcithaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU</a></p> มหาวิทยาลัยมหามกุฏราชวิทยาลัย วิทยาเขตร้อยเอ็ด en-US Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus 2651-2009 STATE RAILWAY OF THAILAND, IMAGE, INTENTION AND EXPECTATION https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/256530 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This article aims to 1) present an overview of the service of railway transport model of the State Railway of Thailand for over 123 years and 2) present the image of the new intentions expected by the State of Railway. The content of the article consists of 3 important parts, the history section, an overview of past problems, and the policy guidelines for the rehabilitation plan of the State Railway of Thailand.&nbsp; The results of the study revealed that due to the continuous loss, the State Railway of Thailand has to precede the rehabilitation plan to make changes. The State Railway of Thailand has laid out a new business rehabilitation plan under the concept of Change to the Future, aiming to become the best state rail service provider in ASEAN in 2027. The plan consists of a national strategic plan and a 20 year national economic and social development plan, the Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Transport, and the State Railway of Thailand rehabilitation plan, involved in determining the direction of the organization's policies and strategies.</p> Varunada Vongrot Kapichart Ratsaeng Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 726 737 MODEL OF PUBLIC POLICY FORMULATION THROUGH THE ADMINISTRATION https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247391 <p> This article is intended to explain policy making in relation to management principles and to study the political factors affecting public policy formulation through the management perspective. Throughout the presentation of the form of public policy making in terms of management principles. The results of the study found a model of public policy making from a management perspective mean The public policy making through quality management methods primarily affects the highest performance. That is, good governance in public policy making, which outlines the elements of good governance for consideration that is 1) Administrative factors such as morality, ethics, rule of law and rule of law. 2) Management methods or processes are: principle of participation Principles of checks and balances responsibility principle and the principle of decentralization. 3) The results of management are the principle of efficiency. Effectiveness Principles transparency principle Value principle and response principles and 4) administrative outcomes, i.e. the principle of justice democratic values and the principles of public welfare.</p> Pikul Meemana Thongmoon Noinont Wipaphan Ubpanisakorn Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 ึ738 748 THE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF THE INNOVATION OF COMPETIVEADVENTAGE IN BUSINESS OF THAILAND 4.0 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/256637 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Thailand 4.0 is a commitment of the Prime Minister. Who want to change the economic structure Towards the economic base Or an economy driven by innovation The main idea is to shift from commodity production to innovative products Change from driving the country with the industrial sector Towards technology drivenCreativity and innovation, and shifted from an emphasis on product manufacturing to To focus more on the service sector, Thailand 4.0 should therefore change the way of doing things that are important Is the transition from traditional agriculture today to modern agriculture With emphasis on management and technology In which farmers have to get richerAnd being an entrepreneur farmer They change from existing and the state needs assistance all the time Towards becoming a high-potential emerging company Which has a relatively low value creation and has shifted from low-skilled labor to the skilled labor Expertise And high skills in developing country business mechanisms.</p> Boonpeng Sittivongsa Kanokon Boonmee Apiwich Srisaeng Songphon Choutikavatchagul Witoon Weerasin Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 749 762 ANALYTICAL STUDY OF VEGETARIANISM BASED ON KAMMA PRINCIPLE IN BUDDHIST PHILOSOPHY https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/246793 <p> The purposes of this thesis were: 1) to study the perceptions and theories of vegetarianism, 2) to study the Kamma principle in the Buddhist philosophy, and 3) to analyze the vegetarianism based on Buddhist philosophy. The data of this documentary qualitative research were collected from the Tipitaka, Commentaries, textbooks, and relevant research works. The research results revealed as follows: 1) Vegetarianism means the abstinence from food containing meat, including the observation of religious precepts, Dhamma practicing, and bodily, verbal, and mental restraint. In Mahayana Buddhism, the vegetarianism principle is clearly recommended by the abstinence from meat consumption whereas Theravada Buddhism does not indicate the direct prohibition of meat consumption. However, there is a prohibition appearing in the five precepts that forbids human beings from killing and violating animals. Nonetheless, both Mahayana Buddhism and Theravada Buddhism have the same principles, which are living together with benevolence between human beings and human beings, and between human beings and animals, without encroachment, and living together peacefully. The main objectives of vegetarianism among the vegetarians include 1) eating for healthiness, 2) eating with loving-kindness, and 3) eating for abstaining from unwholesome. 2) The Kamma principles in Buddhist philosophy consist of 2 criteria; (1) The doer has intention to do, and (2) That action results to merit or demerit. Kamma is a neutral word referring to a good action or a bad action. A good intention is called wholesome and a bad action is unwholesome. The actions are categorized into 3 ways according to the ways people do; (1) Bodily action, (2) Verbal action, and (3) Mental action. 3) Analyzing the vegetarianism based on Kamma principle in the Buddhism philosophy can be concluded that the vegetarians should have honest intention for all three situations; to have mercifulness towards all creatures by holding the principle of non-violence as the main reason before practicing vegetarianism; while eating, to keep considering that eating to live not living to eat, and not eating because of its taste; and after eating, to have loving-kindness towards all creatures. The vegetarianism with unwholesome means to eat meat of the animal killed by one’s self which concerns taking away the other’s life. Even if the person does not kill animals by himself/herself but he/she guides others to kill. Eating the meat of animals specifically killed is regarded as destruction and encroachment of the life they love and which is considered as their own properties. The practicing vegetarianism by neutral mind or principle means not having attachment to goodness or wholesome so that the vegetarian neither holds on the wholesome nor unwholesome, then the mind will be able to access the purity and calmness without any attachments.</p> Pornthip Pruetkittiwong Phramaha Maghavin Purisuttamo Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 763 777 ADMINISTRATION BASED ON THE FOUR SUBLIME STATES OF MIND OF ADMINISTRATORS IN SCHOOLS UNDER ROI ET INFORMAL AND NON–FORMAL EDUCATION PROMOTION OFFICE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/243725 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to study the teachers’ opinions toward the administration based on the Four Sublime States of Mind of the administrators in the schools under the Roi Et Informal and Non-Formal Education Office, 2) to compare the teachers’opinions in mention classified by gender, age, education and working experiences and 3) to compile the related recommendations as suggested by the teachers in the said schools. The samples consisted of 190 teachers. The tool used in questionnaire. The statistics used in data analysis were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test and One-way ANOVA.</p> <p> The research results were found as follows: 1. The administration based on the Four Sublime States of Mind of the school administrators under the Roi Et Informal and Non-Formal Education Office according to the teachers’ opinions was, in an overall aspect, found to stand at the highest level. 2. The comparison of the teachers’ opinions relevant to the so-said administration of the school administrators as mentioned classified by sex, age, education, and working experience, was found to show no statistically significant difference. 3. The recommendations as suggested by the respondents comprised the following: Continuous development of personnel, promotion of further education among the staff members, regular organization of seminars, observation trips and exchange of working experience, taking it as top priority to recruit provisional employments, arrangement of welfare programs, enhancement of the communities and network partners to play a role in promoting and supporting the operation of informal and non-formal education, cooperation with network partners to drive community learning activities in order to strengthen relationships and increase efficiency in working together in various forms.</p> Phaitoon Kamonlert Theeraphat Thinsandee Suthep Maythaisong Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-01-11 2022-01-11 11 1 1 14 STRATEGIES THAT AFFECT THE SUCCESS OF PLASTIC FILAMENT BASKETRY KUD KHON KAEN SUBDISTRICT, PHU WIANG DISTRICT, KHON KAEN PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/244658 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to study strategies that affect the success of plastic filament basketry Kud Khon Kaen Subdistrict, Phu Wiang District, Khon Kaen Province and 2) comparison of factors affecting the success of plastic filament basketry Kud Khon Kaen Subdistrict, Phu Wiang District, Khon Kaen Province. The samples in this study were 68 groups. The statistics used for data analysis were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, and (F-test) by One-Way Analysis.</p> <p> The result of the study found that: 1. The results of the study of strategies that affect the success of plastic filament basketry Kud Khon Kaen Subdistrict, Phu Wiang District, Khon Kaen Province, the overview was at a high level and when considering in each aspect, it was found that the first level of opinion was organization, marketing, production and the lowest level of opinion was finance and accounting. 2. The results of an analysis of the opinion of members of plastic filament basketry Kud Khon Kaen Subdistrict, Phu Wiang District, Khon Kaen Province, classified by personal. The study was test the hypotheses of the proposed research, which were classified by gender, age, overview of status and all aspects found that there were no significant difference. classified by status found that the organization was significantly different at the statistical level of 0.05.</p> Rawat Mantra Araya Rampai Weerayut Chutchatawachakul Waratthaphorn Pliarak Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus 2021-03-03 2021-03-03 11 1 15 24 DEVELOPING THE PROGRAM OF TEACHERS DEVELOPMENT ON PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING INSTRUCTION FOR SCHOOLS UNDER NONGBUA LUM PHU PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 2 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/242243 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the current state and the desirable state of problem-based learning instruction of schools under Nongbua Lam Phu primary educational service area office 2, 2) to develop the program of teacher’s development on problem-based learning instruction for schools under Nongbua Lum Phu primary educational service area office 2. The sample group consisted of 300 teachers from 25 schools under Nongbua Lum Phu primary educational service area office 2. Key informants were 4 persons consisted of administrators and teachers from 2 pilot schools and 5 luminaries. Research instruments were questionnaire, interview and program assessment form. Statistics for analyses data were mean, percentage, standard deviation and PNI<sub>modified</sub>.</p> <p> The research result were found that; the current state of problem-based learning instruction of schools under Nongbua Lam Phu primary educational service area office 2 overall were at moderate level and the desirable state overall were at high level. The program of teachers development on problem-based learning instruction for schools under Nongbua Lum Phu primary educational service area office 2 consisted of 6 elements 1) principle, 2) objective, 3) content, 4) program implementation and 5 program evaluation and the program suitability and possibility assessed both overall were at high levels.</p> Alongkorn Tonkanya Prasong Saihong Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 25 33 HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT OF MAHAMAKUT BUDDHIST UNIVERSITY https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/255212 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the human resource management of Mahamakut Buddhist University, 2) to compare the opinions of personnel towards the human resource management of Mahamakut Buddhist University, and 3) to study the recommendations on human resource management of Mahamakut Buddhist University. The sample group used in this research was the 163 personnel of Mahamakut Buddhist University. The instruments used for data collection questionnaire The statistics used in the data analysis were frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. Statistics used to test the hypothesis were t-test and F–test.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The results found that: 1. The human resource management of Mahamakut Buddhist University was, in an overall aspect, found to stand at a high level. 2. As regards the comparison of the personnel’s opinions about the human resource management, classified by gender, position and educational level, it was in an overall aspect found to show no difference in the case of gender classification, but in an individual aspect, personnel’s planning was found to show statistically significant difference at the .05 level. Classified by position, it was, in both overall and individual aspects, found to display no difference, whereas classified by educational level, the statistically significant difference of .05 was found in the dimension of personnel recruiting and selecting. However, no difference was found in the cases of personnel maintenance, personnel development, and evaluation of personnel’s performances. 3. The recommendations for the management of human resources were as follows: 1) The personnel planning should be based on the number of retirements, exploration data, current situation and prevalent problems; moreover, the development plan for academic and supportive sectors should be prepared and designed in a really practical manner. 2) Personnel recruiting and selecting should be implemented under the motto, ‘Put the right man in the right job’, and promotion opportunities should be open wider for staff members than the out-siders. 3) The personnel maintenance program should be undergone via welfare measures such as medical service and merit-system promotion in order to boost morale and sacrificial spirit of the staff members. 4) In the case of personnel development, regular training should be arranged, together with provision of funds and scholarships for funding research and further studies. 5)The results of performance assessment should be used as basic information to design the personnel development plan and the personnel assessment form should reflect the real duties and functions.</p> Amorn Ueakit Jiraporn Phansawang Surasit Kraisin Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 34 48 THE DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDELINES FOR STUDENT-CENTERED LEARNING MANAGEMENT IN SCHOOLS UNDER BUENG KAN PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/245154 <p> The objective of this research article were to 1) study the current state and the desirable state of student-centered learning management, 2) developing the guidelines of student-centered learning management for schools under Bueng Kan Primary Educational Service Area. The quantitative research sample group consisted 329 teachers under Bueng Kan Educational Service Area, the qualitative research key performances were 4 persons consisted administrators and teachers from 2 pilot schools and 5 luminaries. Research instruments were questionnaire, interview and guidelines assessment form. Statistical for analyses data were mean, percentage and standard deviation.</p> <p> The research result were found that: 1. The current state of student-centered learning management of schools under Bueng Kan Primary Educational Service Area were at moderate level, the desirable state overall were at highest level and 2. the guidelines of student-centered learning management for schools under Bueng Kan Primary Educational Service Area consisted 4 aspects 27 key performance indicators and the guidelines suitability and possibility assessed by the luminaries both overall were at high levels.</p> Supitchaya Phandet Prasett Rueanakarn Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 49 58 “YOU ARE WHO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH.” AUSPICIOUS LIFE FROM KULARB RAI NAM OF SRIFAH LADAWAN https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/245115 <p> The objectives of this research article were to analysis of characters in the novel Kularb rai nam of Srifah Ladawan. The researcher adopts Somdee Jindapisathan’s concept of auspicious Life “You are who you associate with.” and Eric Fromm's basic human needs. The objective was to study of The character picks a wise man as his companion in order to live a delightful and harmonious life because his mindsets enable him to overcome life difficulties. This study aims to analyses the motivations that cause the character to behave like a wise man.</p> <p> The research result were found that: According to the novel, there are six characteristics of a wise man: advises his companions to perform appropriate tasks; minds his own duties; is a good listener; possesses life disciplines; conforms to the rules and regulations; and, possesses proper etiquettes. Second, there are five motivations that motivate the character to possess qualities of a wise man: a desire to initiate relationships; a desire to become creative; a desire to express his own sense of uniqueness; a desire to rely on a virtuous individual and find jolly and peace in life.</p> ประภาพร ธนกิตติเกษม Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 59 69 THE DEVELOPMENT OF LIFE SKILLS INDICATORS OF THE HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE SERVICE OF THE PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/244540 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to develop the life skills indicators of the high school students in the service of the provincial administrative organization 2) to examine the coherence of the life skills model of the high school students in the service of the provincial administrative organization based on the formation and 3) to the development of the empirical data and were to generate the evaluation criteria, and life skills evaluation of the high school students in the service of the provincial administrative organization. This mixed method research. The participants were the school administrators, the head of academic affairs, the head of student affairs, and the chairman of basic education board that were chosen the multistage stage sampling to assure the life skills of the high school students in the service of the provincial administrative organization. The sample consisted of 520. The instruments used in this study were questionnaire. Data analyzed by using a computer program. Calculate the statistics such as mean, standard deviation. And create a model of life skill composition of high school students Under the provincial administration organization with the computer program.</p> <p> The research results were as follow: 1. The result of the element development and life skills indicators of the high school students in the service of the provincial administrative organization revealed the 6 major factors 18 sup–features and 72 indicators which were 1) The major factor of creative problem solutions involved 3 sup–features 12 indicators 2) the element of decision involved 3 sup–features 12 indicators 3) the element of effective communication involved 3 sup–features 12 indicators 4) the element of building relationship involved 3 sup–features 12 indicators 5) the element of self-awareness involved 3 sup–features 12 indicators and 6) the element of emotional regulation involved 3 sup–features 12 indicators. The highest weigh value of the standard element was the element of the creative problem solutions. 2. The result of life skills constructive model coherent examination of the high school students in the service of the provincial administrative organization found that X<sup>2</sup> = 3.998, df = 2, P-Value = 0.1355, RMSEA = 0.042, CFI = 0.999, TLI = 0.995, SRMR = 0.004, and the weigh value of the six life-skills indicators was at the 0.01 level of significance. The life skills indicator constructive model was in accordance with the criteria which gave on to the very good level of the construct validity and construct reliability. 3. The result of building criteria and the life-skills evaluation of the students in the service of the provincial administrative organization was suitable at the very good level.</p> Orawan Playlaharn Chumnian Poollaharn U-rasa Phomta Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 70 84 THE CUSTOMERS’ PERCEPTIONS AND EXPECTATIONS OF SERVICE QUALITY AT A PRIVATE DENTAL CLINIC IN ROI ET PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/244558 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to identify customers’ characteristics affecting customers’ perceptions and expectations of service quality at a private dental clinic, (2) determine the levels of customers’ perceptions and expectations of service quality at a private dental clinic, and (3) compare the differences between customers’ perceptions and expectations of service quality at a private dental clinic in Roi Et province. The study involved a sample of 234 patients. Data were collected using a questionnaire. The statistics used in the data analysis were frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. Statistics used to test the hypothesis were t-test and F–test.</p> <p> The results showed that: 1. the levels of overall customer perceptions and expectations of the clinic’s service quality, including structure, process, and outcome, were highest, and 2. based on the service quality perception and expectation comparison, the perception was lower than expectation for the process and structure, but the perception was higher than expectation for the outcome; and there was no significant difference between the mean scores of perceptions and expectations of service structure and outcome.</p> <p> </p> Artit Padungkit Panee Sitakalin Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 85 97 FACTORS AFFECTING ACHIEVEMENT OF THE THAILAND KABADDI NATIONALITY TEAM https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/244467 <p> The objectives of this research article were to study the factors that led to successful of the international kabaddi team athletes in Thailand.The sample groups that used in this study Consisting of 12 male from Thai national kabaddi team athletes and the independent variable which was the predictor variable that used in this study was the athletic factor, the psychologicalissue, the physical performance issue, the skill issue, the coach factor, the equipment and facility factors, the management factor, the budget factor and the dependent factorwhich was factor that led to the success of Thai malenational kabaddi team athletes.</p> <p> The research resultof the factors that led to the success of Thai male national kabaddi team athlete, five factors found that the athlete factor, the psychological issue which was the gathering of concentration and determination. The Physical fitness issue was the efficiency of the circulatory system, the skill issue was the corner player skill, the coach factor was the ability to solve the problem. The equipment and facility factors were the facility, the management factor was meeting with a physical therapist, the budget factor was the reward and the special compensation.</p> Worawut Chuaikoed Raja Syed Tengku Sulaiman Kongkiat Choeychom Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 98 107 A STUDY OF EDUCATION MANAGEMENT POTENTIAL OF SUBDISTRICT ADMINISTRATION ORGANIZATION IN MAHASARAKHAM PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/244571 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the educational management potential of the Tambon Administrative Organization that established schools, 2) to study the factors for determining whether the sub-district administration organization is suitable for education management at the basic education level. The target group was 36 participants in the management of the study. The tool used was an interview form. Analyze data by content analysis methods. </p> <p> The results were found that: 1. the educational management potential of the Tambon Administrative Organization that established the school. In the province of Maha Sarakham, it was found that academically, a curriculum was created. Prepare various academic documents. Personnel have effective personnel. A competent person And meet the statute of government teacher and education personnel budget has been allocated budget from the Department of Local Administration. And able to use the budget to promote and support education management according to their authority when deemed necessary Management There is a delegation of authority to judge in the administration of the president of the sub-district administrative organization with full efficiency. Building side there is support to provide an environment suitable for learning management. There is constant surveillance and tidy and safety. 2. Factors in determining whether the Tambon Administrative Organization is suitable for the provision of education at the basic education level was found that: 2.1) The inequality in education was the solution to the problem of access to quality and free education. 2.2) To increase educational opportunities is the provision of public services to people in their communities. 2.3) Participation of the community in the management of education is that the community is the best person who can see the problems that arise. And cause precise problem solving By taking the problems and needs of the community to be the determinants in the formulation of a local education development plan as a guideline for the implementation of the district administration organization's education in that fiscal year.</p> Sucharat PromKet Alongkorn อรรคแสง Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 108 119 THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LEARNING MODEL FOR IMPROVING READING COMPREHENSION OF PRATHOMSUKSA 6 STUDENTS, SUBJECT AREA OF THAI LANGUAGE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/255353 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objectives of this research article were 1) to create a learning management model to develop reading comprehension, 2) to test the efficiency of the learning management model for the development of reading comprehension, 3) to develop a learning management model to develop reading comprehension, 4) to assess the effectiveness of using a learning management model to improve reading comprehension Thai language learning material for Prathomsuksa 6 students. The samples in this study were 21 Prathomsuksa 6 students from Tessaba 1 School (Wat Satun Santayaram), Education Division, Satun Municipality, Satun Province. The research instruments comprised 1) interviewing form to survey the basic data, 2) the learning model to improve reading comprehension for Prathomsuksa 6 students, the subject area of Thai Language, and 26 lesson plans, this means the lesson plans of using the learning model to improve reading comprehension for Prathomsuksa 6 students, the subject area of Thai Language are effective and appropriate to be implemented, 3) reading comprehension test, observation form and the form to investigate the students’ satisfaction towards the learning model.The statistic methods adopted in the research were percentage, mean and standard deviation.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; The research findings reveal that; 1. The results of analyzing the basic data of the learning model to improve reading comprehension for Prathomsuksa 6 students, the subject area of Thai Language consist of 4 steps as follow;1) Preparation (P) 2) Presentation (P) 3) Practice (P) and 4) Evaluation (E). 2. According to the experts’ opinions towards the learning model to improve reading comprehension for Prathomsuksa 6 students, the subject area of Thai Language, the levels of appropriateness are at “much” to “most” and the level of appropriateness from teachers’ opinions towards the learning model to improve reading comprehension for Prathomsuksa 6 students, the subject area of Thai Language, overall are at “much” level. 3. The results of implementing the learning model to improve reading comprehension for Prathomsuksa 6 students. This means that organizing learning using the learning model to improve reading comprehension for Prathomsuksa 6 students, the subject area of Thai Language could help improve the students’ reading comprehension skills. 4. The results of evaluating the effectiveness of the learning model to improve reading comprehension for Prathomsuksa 6 students, the subject area of Thai Language are as follow; 1) The results of analyzing the scores from the test on reading comprehension of Prathomsuksa 6 students reveal that the mean score of the pretest is 12.56 (41.85%) from the total score of 30, and from the posttest is 24.52 (81.73%) which is higher than the specified criteria according to the hypothesis of the research. 2) Prathomsuksa 6 students are satisfied towards learning using the learning model for improving reading comprehension skill the subject area of Thai Language, overall is at “much” level.</p> Benjawan Jina Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 120 134 MODEL ADMINISTRATION MANAGEMENT WELFARE FOR STRAY DOGS ACCORDING TO BUDDHIST WAY, WITHIN THE WELUWANARAM TEMPLE MAETHA DISTRICT, LAMPANG PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/255361 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the problem in administration management welfare for stray dogs, 2) to study methods administration management welfare for stray dogs according to Buddhist way, 3) to present the model administration management welfare for stray dogs according to&nbsp; Buddhist way, Within the Weluwanaram Temple Mae-tha District, Lampang Province. The interviewees group include Monk, Measuring committee, and the person who takes care of stray dogs within the Weluwanaram Temple Mae-tha District, Lampang Province&nbsp; number&nbsp; 8 person. And the group of respondents includes People who donate money and food to feed stray dogs within the Weluwanaram Temple Number 123 people. Tools used It is a semi-structured interview and closed-end query. The statistics used were mean and standard deviation.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The research results found that: 1. The problem in administration management welfare for stray dogs: Interviewee group have an opinion that, Current dogs shelters have sufficient building and premises in the amount of 400 characters, quite crowded, not enough for stray dogs to shelter. The budget for cage construction is insufficient for the number of dogs. Government agencies should help take care of the budget. present the temple has many dogs. If government agency to take care of it seriously, will improve dog's health. The temple lacks The temple is still lacking the necessary equipment to live comfortably for the dogs. Food section, Temple arranged dogs to eat food according to the budget they had at each meal. However, The dog handler has treated all dogs with kindness. 2. Methods administration management welfare for stray Y dogs according to&nbsp; Buddhist way: Most respondents have an opinion that, Buddhists should not solve problems by destroying life stray dogs, the person who raised the stray dogs, should Take the dogs Vaccine for against rabies as recommended by the veterinarian, Responsible veterinarians should arrange vaccination services, Contraceptive injection, And free sterilization for stray dogs, and temple should there is&nbsp; organized dogs by means of registration of dogs in a shelter. These comments are in the most level, and 3. The model administration management welfare for stray dogs according to Buddhist way: Stray dogs deserve care and attention. The temple should provide adequate shelter for stray dogs<strong>, </strong>Should add the person in charge of the management stray dog shelter in the ratio of 1 person per 100 stray dogs, by coordination with government agencies to into help take care subject of the budget to lighten the burden of the temple.</p> Phra Supin Suphano (Pongwiset) Dilok Boonim Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 135 147 MODEL OF PROBLEM SOLVING DEBT AND LIVING COST BY PLANTING PLANT VEGETABLES KITCHEN GARDENS IN A MANNER INTEGRATED AGRICULTURE ACCORDING BUDDHIST WAY OF BAN PA KHRAI TAI COMMUNITY, NONG LOM SUBDISTRICT, HANG-CHAT DISTRICT, LAMPANG PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/255362 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objectives of this research article were 1. to study Problem solving debt and living cost of Ban Pa Khrai Tai community, 2. to study method Problem solving debt and living cost by planting plant vegetables kitchen gardens in a manner integrated agriculture according Buddhist way of Ban Pa Khrai Tai community, 3. to analyze and present the pattern Problem solving debt and living cost by planting plant vegetables kitchen gardens in a manner integrated agriculture according Buddhist way&nbsp; of Ban Pa Khrai Tai community, Nong Lom Subdistrict, Hang Chat District, Lampang Province. The respondents were: people in Ban Pa Khrai Tai community with agricultural occupations number 123 people and the interviewee groups were: people in Ban Pa Khrai Tai community who completed secondary education and a bachelor's degree, and success in agriculture, cultivating crops, vegetables, and gardening number 10 people. The research tool was a questionnaire and structured interviews. The statistics used were frequency and percentage.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The research results found that: 1. Problem debt and living cost in people's households of Ban Pa Khrai Tai community, Most farmers have debt of less than 50,000 baht, Accounted for 37.40 percent. Causes of household debt, most borrow money to invest in their career, Accounted for 47.42 percent, source that is creditor, Most of them borrow money from commercial banks, Accounted for 46.39 percent. &nbsp;&nbsp;2. Method Problem solving debt and living cost by planting plant vegetables kitchen gardens in a manner integrated agriculture according Buddhist way, Found that, Most of the farmers have used the Buddhist way as the main in agriculture by growing vegetable plant in the kitchen garden in kind of mixed, By the investment side, Have applied the investment principles that are suitable for the existing power, focus on planting for sale and consumed in the family. 3. The pattern Problem solving debt and living cost by planting plant vegetables kitchen gardens in a manner integrated agriculture according Buddhist way of Ban Pa Khrai Tai community, Found that, Farmers should take action in 4 areas are: 1) prepare income accounts, expenses in cycle of the month. 2) Gather money to fund each month agriculture for growing vegetable plant in kitchen garden for sale, and consumed in the family, by adhering to the principle of diligence and persistent and saving money. 3) To abstain from borrowing that over&nbsp; which ability in debt settlement for use make in&nbsp; agriculture, By adhering to the seclusion as there is, according to power, and as appropriate status of oneself. 4) Allocate money to cover all aspects of life, Both in part of household spending, Part that must keep for settle the debt, The part that must conserve for spend when necessary in the future, and the part that will use be invested&nbsp; for continue to develop agricultural work.</p> Phra Natthanon Chanthachato (Chanta) Dilok Boonim Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 148 162 DEVELOPING THE GUIDELINES OF ACADEMIC ADMINISTRATION FOR SCHOOLS UNDER THE OFFICE OF UDONTHANI PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREAS 4 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/246093 <p> The objective of this research article was 1) to study the current state and the desirable state of academic administration of schools under the office of Udonthani Primary Educational Service Area 4, 2) to developing the guidelines of academic administration of schools under the office of Udonthani Primary Educational Service Area 4.The sample group consisted of administrators and teachers from schools under the Office of Udonthani Primary Educational Service Area 4, 123 persons, key performances were 12 persons consisted of administrators and teachers from 2 pilot schools and 5 luminaries. Research instruments were questionnaire, interview, and guidelines assessment form. Statistical for analyzed data were percentage, mean, and standard deviation.</p> <p> The research result was found that; 1. The current state of academic administration of schools under the office of Udonthani Primary Educational Service Area 4 overall were at a high level, the desirable state overall was at the highest level. 2. The guidelines of academic administration of schools under the office of Udonthani Primary Educational Service Area 4 consisted of 4 aspects 37 guidelines and the suitability and possibility of the guidelines assessed by the luminaries both overall were at high levels.</p> Nootcharet Kumdeeboon Prasett Rueanakarn Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 163 175 DEVELOPING A MODEL OF LEARNING MANAGEMENT FOR IMPROVING THE ABILITIES IN PROBLEM-SOLVING THINKING AND GAINING KNOWLEDGE OF 3rd YEAR EARLYCHILDHOOD STUDENTS https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/255399 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The purposes of the research were 1) to study and analyze the data about the abilities in solving problems and gaining knowledge of 3<sup>rd</sup> year early childhood students, 2) to develop a model of learning management for improving the abilities in solving problems and gaining knowledge of 3<sup>rd</sup> early childhood students, 3) to implement the model of learning management for improving the abilities in solving problems and gaining of 3<sup>rd</sup> early childhood students, and 4) to evaluate the effectiveness of the model implementation in improving the abilities in solving problems and gaining knowledge of 3<sup>rd</sup> early childhood students. The sample group used in this research were 3<sup>rd</sup> early childhood students at Municipality School 1 (Khajornnetiyuth). The research tools were interview form, problem-solving ability and knowledge-seeking ability of early childhood children. Behavioral Observation Form and Student Satisfaction Questionnaire on Teaching Styles.The statistics used were mean, percentage, standard deviation, and t–test (Independent Sample&nbsp; t–test) was employed for hypothesis testing.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results of the research were as follows: 1. the findings showed that the model of learning management for improving the abilities in solving problems and gaining knowledge of 3<sup>rd</sup> early childhood students based on the primary data analysis consisted of six steps. Step 1: Stimulus (S) Step 2: Planning (P) Step 3: Active Learning (A) Step 4: Repeat (R) Step 5: Constructivism(C) Step 6: Application (A). 2.&nbsp; The findings indicated that the average opinion of the experts toward the appropriateness of the model for learning activity management for the 3<sup>rd</sup> year early childhood students was at the highest level. Additionally, the average opinion of the experts toward the appropriateness of the learning activities in improving the abilities in solving problems and gaining knowledge of the 3<sup>rd</sup> year early childhood students was at a high level.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 3. The finding indicated that the average ability of the 3<sup>rd</sup> year early childhood students in solving problems and gaining knowledge improved significantly after using the learning activities at the .05 level of the statistical significance. 4.The overall satisfaction of the students with the model of learning activity management for improving the abilities in solving&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; problems and gaining knowledge of 3<sup>rd</sup> year early childhood students was at a high level.</p> Sukanya Boonpiam Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 176 190 THE MODEL OF TEACHERS’ COMPETENCY DEVELOPMENT IN LEARNING MANAGEMENT FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN NONGYAMA MUNICIPAL SCHOOL (MUNICIPAL SPORTS SCHOOL, ROI-ET) https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/255412 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objective of this research article were 1) to observe the current circumstance, problem, and the demand of teachers’ competency development in learning management, 2) to create the model pattern of teacher’s competency development in learning management for primary schools in Nongyama Municipal School (Municipal Sports School, Roi-Et), and 3) to tryout this model pattern and assess its efficiency. The research process was typically based on research and development by using three groups of samples which included 38 school directors and teachers responded under Nongyama Municipal School (Municipal Sports School, Roi-Et), 15 experts in a focus group discussion, and 15 teachers of Municipal, Roi-Et. The data was collected by using questionnaires to observe the current circumstance, problem, and the demand of teacher’s competency development in learning management. Also, the memorandum of the focus group discussion, the model’s guideline, and the questionnaire of satisfaction were applied to conduct the data. The quantitative data analysis was then preceded by statistic, mean and standard deviation whereas the qualitative data was analyzed by using a content analysis.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The research result was found that; 1. Teachers’ competency in learning management in general was in the moderate level, the problem of competency’s management and the demand of development were in the extremely high level. 2. The created model pattern of teacher’s competency development in learning management consists of three main parts. First, the competency in learning management which consist of: the course invention and development, the content of instruction, the learning arrangement emphasizing on students, the usage and development of information technology information, the assessment and evaluation of learning outcomes. Second, the model principles are as following: the development principle must reach the need of the participants and conform to school policy, the flexibility principle of the procedure, the participation principle of the participants and, the individual different. Third, there are five steps of development procedure. The first step is to make the demand of development. The second step is analyzing demand of competency development. The third step is the development design and plan. The fourth step is the execution following the development plan. Then the fifth step is to evaluate the developmental result. 3; After the trial of model pattern of teacher’s competency development in learning management, not only teachers have had higher level of competency in learning management but also the highest level of satisfaction towards the model of teacher’s competency development in learning management.</p> Somboon Panthu Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 191 203 THE NEXUS OF THAI LOCAL GOVERNMENTS’ STRATEGIC PLANS AND THE 20 YEAR NATIONAL STRATEGY : A CASE STUDY OF LOCAL ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATIONS IN KHONKAEN PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/246361 <p> The objectives of the research were 1) to study potential and readiness of local administrative organizations for preparing their own strategic plans to consistent with the 20-Year National Strategy, 2) to study characteristics and consistency of strategic plan preparation of local administrative organizations to consistent with the 20-Year National Strategy. The author had collected data using in-depth interview with the plan and policy analysts and whom it may concern for strategic plan preparation of local administrative organizations, and total 8 personnel. The target group garnering subjects with purposive selection. The research instrument was the interview form, checklist form and also collected data from annual report for monitoring and evaluation of local administration organization performance of 4 local administration organizations in KhonKaen Province. Data derived from interview and a check-list was analyzed its potential and readiness of local administrative organization’s strategic plan as well as its consistency with the 20-Year National Strategy and wrote as Descriptive Statistics.</p> <p> The results found that: 1. all of 4 local administration organizations had efforts to build the potential and readiness for local administrative organization’s strategic plan preparation, taking the 20-Year National Strategy’s scope as plan preparation scope, and 2. all of 4 local administration organizations had efforts and intentions for preparing their strategic plans to consistent with the 20-Year National Strategy. However, some strategic plans that were made by local administrative organizations were not consistent with approaches as prescribed in the 20-Year National Strategy obviously, namely strategy in balancing and developing the governmental management system as made up by all of 4 local administration organizations was not consistent with the 20-Year National Strategy.</p> Witchakan Phalanisong Peerasit Kanmuansilpa Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 204 216 THE DEVELOPING OF PROGRAM INTERNAL SUPERVISION BY COACHING OF SCHOOLS IN THE SECONDARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 30 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/246478 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to study the current condition Desirable condition and the necessity of internal supervision, instructional model for educational institutions under the office of the Secondary Educational Service Area 30. The samples used in the research school administrators and teachers under the office of the Secondary Educational Service Area 30, Academic Year 2020, 235 people, 5 qualified persons. The research tool questionnaires and interview forms. The research statistics mean, standard deviation and analysis of the necessary demand. The interview section analyzes the summary of the main content as an essay.</p> <p> The results found that: 1. Study of current condition Desirable condition and the necessity of teaching internal supervision for educational institutions Under the Office of the Secondary Educational Service Area 30, it was found that the current state of the instructional supervision. Overall was at a moderate level. In desirable conditions, overall instructional supervision was at a high level. The results of the analysis of the need for instructional supervision were found that the aspects that were needed in descending order were 1) the teaching planning aspect, 2) the implementation of the instructional plan, 3) the preparation. Pre-teaching advice 4) Evaluation and follow-up. 2. Development of instructional internal supervision programs for educational institutions. Subordinate to the Secondary Educational Service Area Office 30, consisting of 1) Principles and rationale 2) Purpose 3) Instructional contents of internal supervision 4) Instructional internal supervision method 5) Instruction procedures 6) Evaluation. The implementation of internal supervision of the instructional model for educational institutions consisted of 4 components and 17 indicators, namely 1) pre-teaching preparation, 2) instruction planning, 3) implementation of the teaching plan, 4) evaluation and summary. The results of assessing the suitability of the development of the instructional internal supervision program for educational institutions under the office of the Secondary Educational Service Area 30, it was found that overall was most appropriate.</p> Wittawat Nabumrung Titiworada Polyiem Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 217 229 THE RESULTS OF MOTIVATION DEVELOPMENT IN HISTORY CLASSES BY USING CARD GAMES FOR MATTHAYOMSUKSA 3 : A CASE STUDY-BASED ON PROFESSIONAL LEARNING COMMUNITY (PLC), MAHASARAKHAM UNIVERSITY DEMONSTRATION SCHOOL (SECONDARY) https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/246459 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to try out the Professional Learning Community approach to develop the lesson plan of History using card games 2) study the result of motivation development in studying History by using card games 3) compare the learning achievement before and after studying. The sample group was 37 students of Matthayomsuksa 3/7 of Mahasarakham University Demonstration School (Secondary) in the second semester of the academic year 2019. The research tools were the Record of Professional Learning Community Conference, the Observation Form, the Lesson Records, the Motivation Evaluation Form of Studying History by Using Game Cards, and the Learning Achievement Test of History Studying. The statistics used in the data analysis were Mean, Standard Deviation, and t-test Dependent.</p> <p> The results found that: 1. the Professional Learning Community allowed the members to share useful knowledge and suggestions in teaching and developing the learning designs. The members have been able to help develop learning activities in History by using card games to create the students’ motivation in studying History. 2. using card games in History classes, students increased their motivation in studying History 3. the learning achievement after using the card games was significantly higher at .05 level.</p> Duangtip Palopakorn Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 230 244 BOUYEI TEXTILE OF GUIZHUO, CHINA : THE FUNCTION AND MEANING CHANGE TO ETHNIC SOCIO CULTURE IN THE PROCESS OF COMMODITIZATION https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/246479 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to study socio cultural history and cultural identity of Bouyei textiles, 2) to study Bouyei textile in the context of commoditization, and 3) to analyze functions and meaning change of Bouyei textile Using qualitative research methodology By the sample population of Bu Yi people in Guizhou Province and other related persons Using data analysis and descriptive research presentations.</p> <p> The research results are as follows; 1. Bouyei is one of the minority groups in Guizhou province. Bouyei textiles are the most known for their cultural identity. It relates to the lively ways of the Bouyei people, rituals, ceremonies and cultural ecology. 2. In the process of minority development of China, Bouyei textiles became the center for cultural tourism promotion and cultural products for sale. 3. The above changes have modified the meaning of Bouyei textiles. The new situation also influences the changing of socio-culture of the Bouyei people. They transform their identity from a user of Bouyei textile to be a trader. Hence Guizhou province, especially Xingyi City has become a land of commoditization. At the same time Bouyei textile has become the symbol of Guizhou province and Xingyi city. Besides, Bouyei textiles are now being used for fashion shows in China, internationally, and together present minority identity on the stage. This situation, combined with commoditization, resulted in the traditional invention of Bouyei textile culture. </p> Kong Ruoyue Supachai Singyabuth Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 245 257 TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION ADMINISTRATORS AFFECTING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF KAENCHAI LAMPHU EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT NETWORK CENTER UNDER THE LOCAL ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/255614 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; The objectives of the research article were 1) to study transformational leadership of educational institution administrators and the effectiveness of educational institutions, 2) to study the relationship between transformational leadership of educational institution administrators and the effectiveness of the educational institutions and 3) to study the predictable variables for transformational leadership of educational institution administrators affecting the effectiveness of educational institutions of Kaenchai Lamphu Educational Management Network Center under the local administrative organization. The sample group used in this research consisted of educational institution administrators and teachers of Kaenchai Lamphu Educational Management Network center under the local government organization in academic year 2019 with the total number of 246 people.&nbsp; The tool used to collect data was a 5-level rating scale questionnaire. The statistics used to analyze data comprised percentage, frequency, mean and standard deviation, Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient and Stepwise multiple regression coefficient.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The research results were found that: 1. Transformational leadership of educational institution administrators and the effectiveness of educational institutions of Kaenchai Lamphu Educational Management Network Center in overall were rated at a high level.&nbsp; 2. The effectiveness of educational institutions of Kaenchai Lamphu Educational Management Network Center under the local administrative organization in overall was rated at a high level. 3. The relationship between transformational leadership of educational institution administrators and the effectiveness of the educational institutions of Kaenchai Lumphu Educational Management Network Center was found that correlation coefficient transformational leadership of educational institution administrators and the effectiveness of the educational institutions of Kaenchai Lumphu Educational Management Network Center under the local administrative organization in all aspects was in a positive way. When considering correlation coefficients in each aspect, it was found that charismatic enhancement, cognitive stimulation, enhancement of inspiration and consideration of one’s individuality were at a high level with statistical significance at the level of .01. 4. Transformational leadership of educational institution administrators affecting the effectiveness of educational institutions of Kaenchai Lamphu Educational Management Network Center had the relationship with statistical significance at the level of 0.01 for 3 variables, namely, charismatic enhancement with a forecasting coefficient of educational institutions’ effectiveness of 66.70% with statistical significance at the level of 0.01. The aspect of cognitive stimulation had a forecasting coefficient of educational institutions’ effectiveness of 73.40% and enhancement of inspiration had a forecasting coefficient of educational institutions’ effectiveness of 74.80% with statistical significance at the level of 0.01.</p> Jenjira Kojansri Niyada Piampuechana Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 258 272 THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENGLISH READING COMPREHENSION USING SEMANTIC MAPPING AND COOPERATIVE LEARNING FOR ELEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/246719 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to compare the English reading comprehension ability of students before and after learning with using semantic mapping and cooperative learning for eleventh grade students 2) to study the attitude towards English reading. The sample consisted of 34 students in eleventh grade students of Sattahipwittayakom School, Chonburi. The research instruments were 1) Plans with using semantic mapping and cooperative learning. 2) English reading comprehension pretest. 3)English reading comprehension posttest. 4) The attitude towards English reading. The statistics used were percentage, mean, standard deviation and t-test.</p> <p> The results of the research were the following findings: 1. The posttest scores of the students’ English reading comprehension ability who studied with using semantic mapping and cooperative learning was significantly higher than pretest scores at the .05 level of significance. 2. The attitude towards English reading after learning with using semantic mapping and cooperative learning were at high level. </p> Saranda Sinsa-nguan Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 273 283 THE CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT AND THE PRODUCTION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING MEDIA FOR DHAMMA SCHOLAR HOUSEHOLDERS https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/246779 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to develop the curricula of Dhamma Scholar Householders in level 1, 2, and 3 in accordance with an efficiency of 80/80, 2) to produce the digital learning and teaching media with the determined efficiency, 3) to compare the learning achievement between pre-learning and post-learning. The samples in this research were divided into three groups; 100 primary students in grade 4 - 6 at Wat Wimutayaram School; 100 secondary students at Potisarnpittayakorn School; and 100 university students at Mahamakut Buddhist University. The data were collected in the first semester, academic year 2020. The research instruments were the digital teaching and learning media, the pre-test and post-test for all subjects, and the exercises of all lessons. The overall average, the standard deviation (S.D.), and t-test were employed for data analysis.</p> <p><strong> </strong>The results of this research were as follows: 1. The efficiency of the curricula and the learning and teaching media in all levels was higher than the efficiency of 80/80. In other words. 2. The efficiency of the primary level was 84.73/85.80; the secondary level was 80.38/83.23; and the tertiary level was 84.73/85.80.The learning achievement of the students was statistically significant and higher than the pre-test score at .05 in all levels including the three groups of the students; the primary students, the secondary students, and the undergraduate students and adult learners. From the results above, it showed that the researchers had developed the curricula for all levels of students in accordance with the guide of curriculum development systematically. The teaching contents were tangibly explained so that students can read and understand by themselves. Besides, the digital media, exercises, and pretest and posttest were suitably created for the students in all levels.</p> Phramaha Somsak Thanapanyo Phramaha Maghavin Purisuttamo Phra Jakkaphat Jakkaphatto Phrakrusuwattanadhammaporn (Phatara Senwannakul) Phrakrupalad Prapan Surakaro (Sangkan) Nucharee Boonsringam Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 284 297 LOCAL WISDOM AND DRIVING OF GROUNDED ECONOMY OF BAN NONG BUA PHU HOR SUB-DISTRICT, PHU LUANG DISTRICT, LOEI PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/246671 <p> This research is a part of the research project "Guidelines for promoting community capital management in order to drive the grounded economy of Ban Nong Bua, Phu Hor Sub-district, Phu Luang District, Loei Province aiming to 1) study the fabric of local wisdom and Ban Nong Bua, Phu Hor Sub-district, Phu Luang District, Loei Province 2) to find out the guidelines for promoting community capital management in order to drive the grounded economy of Ban Nong Bua from within the fabric of local wisdom. Qualitative research methodology was used. The target group was 10 informants of hand-woven textile members by means of interviews and focus group discussion. The data were descriptively analyzed.</p> <p> The results found that: 1. Ban Nong Bua used to be an area of cultivation culture and hand-woven textiles were used in the household to create an economy for the community, such as using cotton fabric to tie a hand in a blessing ceremony, and cotton Tung (a hanging flag made of cotton) was used for the beliefs and religion. Nowadays, government agencies come to promote the income and economy of the community through tourism management and by selling products made from local wisdom such as basketry, hand-woven textiles, and products made from fabric. Therefore, the cultivation culture was restored in the form of organics for weaving and for the needs of target consumers. 2. Guidelines for driving the grounded economy at Ban Nong Bua from fabric local wisdom were as follows: 1) Promotion and revival of fabric cultivation on one's own land 2) establishing the product's Fai Tuy (Tuy Fabric) group3) development and extension of design knowledge; 4) development of fabric dyes from nature; 5) creating product identity in line with consumers' needs 6) In the community, there is an online product center and a building shop. 7) the creation of conservation and the revival of fabric wisdom, and 8) creating a network of cooperation in both government and private sectors.</p> Pornkamon Rahannok Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 298 310 THE COMPETENCY OF THE 21st CENTURY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS UNDER KHONKAEN PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 1 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/246914 <p> The purposes of this research were: 1) to study the competency of the 21<sup>st </sup>century school administrators 2) ) to compare the competency of the 21<sup>st </sup>century school administrators under KhonKaen Primary Educational Service Area office 1. The sample group of this study consisted of 103 school administrators and 333 teachers of schools under KhonKaen Primary Educational Service Area Office 1, with the total number of 436 people. The research instrument used questionnaire. The statistics used to analyze data comprised percentage, frequency, mean, standard deviation and t-test.</p> <p> The research results were found: 1. The competency of the 21<sup>st </sup>century school administrators under KhonKaen Primary Educational Service Area Office 1 was found that, in overall, it was rated at a high level, when considering in each aspect, it was found that morality and ethics were rated at the highest level, while usage of technology information and digital was rated at the lowest level. 2. The results of comparison of competency of the 21<sup>st </sup>century school administrators classified by position as the school administrator and teacher were found that, in overall and each aspect, there was significant difference at .01 level.</p> Pairoj Yingyuen Jirawat Waroonroj Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 311 321 THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRAINING CURRICULUM TO ENHANCE ENGLISHSPEAKING SKILL USING B–SLIM MODEL FOR PRIMARY 5 STUDENTS UNDER NAKHON PHANOM PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 2 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/246949 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to develop a training course to promote English speaking skills using the B-slim teaching model. For grade 5 students, 2) To assess the effectiveness of a training program for enhancing spoken English skills using the B-slim teaching model for 5<sup>th</sup> grade students It is research and development The sample groups were 25 students of Ban Phathai School Tools used in this research A training course to promote English speaking skills using B-slim teaching model for Grade 5 students under Nakhon Phanom Primary Educational Service Area Office 2. The statistics used for data analysis were mean, standard deviation and t-test.</p> <p> The results of the research were as follows: 1. The results of the development of training courses to promote English language learning on speaking skills for Prathomsuksa 5 students at Nakhon Phanom Primary Educational Service Area Office 2, with the content as follows 1) Pronunciation 2) Vocabulary 3) Grammar 4) Fluency 5) Comprehension. The suitability and consistency of the training program was examined by specialists. 1) The results of the feasibility analysis of the training course draft were found that the mean value was 4.80 showing that they were most appropriate. 2) The consistency analysis results showed that the consistency index was between 0.80 and 1.00 indicating that the consistency was at a high level. 3) The researcher has revised the draft of the training course according to the suggestion of the expert in order to make the training course as complete as possible. After the training course. The researcher led the training course to use with the sample group and found that the overall score of English speaking skills was very good. According to the assumptions set by understanding skills. Has the highest average score of 11.08 In conclusion, the English speaking skills for the fifth graders after the training were very good. 2. The results of the evaluation of the effectiveness of the training program for promoting English learning in speaking skills for the fifth grade students were found that 1) The trainees had English speaking skills for the 5th grade students after the training was statistically significantly higher than before the training at .01 level. 2) The English speaking skill score for the fifth-graders in the five units of the unit was good. According to the assumptions set 3) Overall, students' satisfaction with the training program was the highest. Higher than the hypothesis set And to make the training course more complete Researchers have adjusted some of the learning activities to be simpler and more practical. Adding practice activities Taking more actions to improve the English speaking skills of students.</p> Paertanthong Udomkan Pornthep Sathiannoppakao Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 322 335 DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE LEADERSHIP ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM FOR SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS UNDER THE OFFICE OF NAKHON RATCHASIMA PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA 6 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/255684 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objectives of the research article were 1) to study the current condition Desirable Conditions and Needs for Building Creative Leadership, 2) to develop a program for enhancing creative leadership for school administrators. The sample groups were 227 people and 5 qualified experts. Research instruments current condition questionnaire desirable condition program suitability assessment interview form. The research tools current condition questionnaire Desirable condition, interview form, and program suitability assessment form. The statistics used in the research were mean, standard deviation, and analyzing the necessary values and analyze the data from the self-interview.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; The results were as follows: 1. Study the current condition Desirable Conditions and Needs for Building Creative Leadership under the Nakhon Ratchasima Primary Educational Service Area Office 6, it was found that the overall level was at the moderate level. And the desirable condition of enhancing overall creative leadership was at the highest level. The results of the analysis of the needs for the development of creative leadership found that the areas that needed to be ranked in descending order were: 1) flexibility and adaptation, 2) consideration of individuality, 3) teamwork, 4) creativity and 5) vision. 2. Development of Creative Leadership enhancement Program for Executives Educational institutions under Nakhon Ratchasima Primary Educational Service Area Office 6 consisted of 1) principles and reasons, 2) objectives, 3) target groups, 4) patterns and methods of development, 5) content, 6) techniques and tools, and 7) evaluation. Patterns and methods are: 1) workshops 2) training 3) study visit. The Elements of Creative Leadership consisted of 5 elements, 20 indicators, namely component 1 vision consisted of 4 indicators, component 2 consideration of individuality consisted of 4 indicators, component 3 Flexibility and Adaptation consisted of 3 indicators, Component 4 Creativity consisted of 4 indicators and Unit 4 Teamwork consisted of 5 indicators. The results of the evaluation of the development of the program were found that overall, it is most appropriate.</p> Suebpong Tupluang Thatchai Chittranun Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 336 347 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE MANAGEMENT OF THE EXECUTIVE AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SCHOOLS UNDER THE INSTITUTE OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION NORTHEASTERN REGION 3 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247172 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to study the management of the executive of educational institution under the vocational education Institute in the Northeast Region 3, 2) to study the effectiveness of educational institutes under the Institute of vocational education Northeastern Region 3, 3) to analyze the relationship between the management of the executive and the Effectiveness of schools under the Institute of Vocational Education: Northeastern Region 3. The sample used in the research was personnel under the 9 institutes of vocational education Northeastern Region 3, including 325 of education administrators and lecturers. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire. The statistics used in the research were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, multiple correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis.</p> <p> The results of the research were as follows: 1. The Management of the Executive under the institute of vocational education: Northeastern Region 3, overall at a high level. 2. School effectiveness under the vocational education: Northeastern Region 3, overall at a high level. 3. Analyze information and opinions about the management of the executive and the effectiveness of schools under the Institute of vocational education: Northeastern Region 3. The opinions of the management of the executive were related to educational effectiveness in all aspects. 4. Analyze relationship between the management of the executive and the effectiveness of schools under the Institute of vocational education: Northeastern Region 3 which the relationship and influence between the management of the executive and effectiveness of schools correlated internally with educational institution effectiveness in 3 aspects : the organization, control, communication and motivation. When considering the inner relationship, there will be a relationship within 3 levels, respectively, as follows. Level 1 is the management of the executive. The second level of organization management is the administration of the executives. Organization with the control and level 3, namely the management of the executives organization with the control side with communication and motivation.</p> Surawadee Emrat Phrakruchairatanakorn Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 348 361 INNOVATION MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY OF MITR PHOL MODERN FARM https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247292 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to study innovation management of Mitr Phol Modern Farm, 2) to study the diffusion and adoption of agricultural Innovation, 3) to propose the innovation management model for the Mitr Phol Modern Farm. This is qualitative research conducted by semi-structured interviewing of purposive sampling 11 persons; Mitr Phol executives, Cultivation Promoting Officers and sugarcane growers who are contract faming of of Mitr Phol Sugar Corp., Ltd. In central and Northeastern area, and a financial institution’s executive. In descriptive analysis.</p> <p> The results of the study revealed that: 1. Creating management innovation of Mitr Phol Modern Farm, it was found that Mitr Phol brought knowledge and technology from leading sugarcane producing countries to develop it in accordance with the geography, way of life and wisdom of sugarcane farming in Thailand. To make sugarcane farming to increase productivity reduce production costs protect the environment enhance competitiveness in sugarcane and sugar industry 2. The diffusion and adoption of agricultural Innovation showed that the innovation diffusion model mainly used human media. Cultivation Promoting Officers represent Mitr Phol in introducing innovations and communicating with farmers. The dominant factors are contributed to the adoption of innovations are personal and economic factors. 3. Proposing the innovation management model for the Mitr Phol Modern Farm was figured out that Mitr Phol changes the quality of life of sugarcane farmers in a better way, builds a network of sugarcane farmers, improves the quality and quantity of sugarcane production by improving the agricultural process and merging Mitr Phol Modern Farm way to the wisdom of the farmers perfectly and helping them to solve the problems in the community.</p> Angkana Hiranprueck Chatwaran Ongkasingh Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 362 373 THE PERFORMING ARTS OF THE PROCESSION OF THE SOMMA NAM KHUEN PHENG SENG PRATIP FESTIVAL IN ROI-ET PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247319 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to study the performing arts in the procession of the Somma Nam Khuen Pheng Seng Pratip Festival in Roi-Et province, and 2) study the construction in the procession of the Somma Nam Khuen Pheng Seng Pratip. The instruments used were observation, unstructured interview, and study duration. The sample used for the study consisted of three performing arts specialists, three costume design specialists, and three musicians. Research results were presented by the descriptive analysis.</p> <p> The results revealed that the performing arts in the procession of the Somma Nam Khuen Pheng Seng Pratip Festival in Roi-Et province was a choreography or a performance integrated traditional dance, Davaravati dance, and Khmer dance, in order to create the performance. Furthermore, the achievement of the performance depended on a performing format, a row format, dance styles, performance properties, costumes, and music, to create the harmonious performance and aesthetics of the show.</p> Paramet Moonpim Ourarom Chantamala Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 374 383 GUIDELINE ON DEVELOPING FACILITIES FOR SENIOR TOURISTS: A CASE STUDY OF WAT PHRA PATHOM CHEDI NAKHON PATHOM PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247351 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to study facility arrangement for senior tourists, who come to Wat Phra Pathom Chedi, 2) to study the situation, problems and the need to improve facilities for senior tourist starveling to Wat Phra Pathom Chedi. Data collection instruments were questionnaire andinterviewfrom senior tourists who came to travel for478 persons.The sample group used in this research were elderly tourists who traveled for tourism. Data analysis using descriptive statistics. And present the research results by descriptive writing.</p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> The results were found that inside Wat Phra Pathom Chedi, there have enough facilities for senior tourists, including accessibleparking lots, ramp, sign and symbols, service points and toilet for senior tourists. However, it was found that some of the facilities provided were still unable to meet the basic needs as expected.It also found that most of the senior tourists had a high level of demand for facilities for senior tourists.The issue that senior tourists want to have the most development or set up of facilities is that there is a wide ramp that can take a wheelchair to pay homage to Phra Pathom Chedi stupa.</span></p> Chanistha Jaipeng Songkran Klomsook Punjaporn Thanawachiranun Chotima Deeponpun Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 384 396 DEVELOPING GUIDELINES OF ADMINISTRATION TO THE BASIC EDUCATION STANDARDS OF SCHOOLS UNDER THE OFFICE OF SECONDARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA 20 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247590 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the current state and the desirable state of administration to the basic education standards of schools under The Office of Secondary Educational Service Area 20, 2) to develop guidelines of administration to the basic education standards. The sample group consisted of 346 administrators and teachers. Key informants were administrators and teachers from 3 pilot schools and 5 luminaries. Research instruments were questionnaire, interview and guideline assessment form. Statistics for analyzed data were percentage, mean, standard deviation and PNI<sub>modified</sub>.</p> <p> The research result were found that; 1. The current state of administration to the basic education standards of schools under The Office of Secondary Educational Service Area 20overall were at moderate level and the desirable state overall were at high level. 2. The guidelines of administration to basic education standards consisted of 8 components, 28 indicators, 45 guidelines as follows: 1) the educational standard setting 5 guidelines, 2) the preparation of educational management development plans of educational institutions that focus on quality according to Educational standards of educational institutions 9 guidelines, 3) management system and information 5 guidelines 4) implementation of the educational management development plan of educational institutions 5 guidelines 5) education quality monitoring 5 guidelines, 6) The internal quality assessment in accordance with the educational standards of the educational institutes 5 guidelines, 7) the preparation of the annual report of the educational institutes 5 guidelines, and 8) the development of the educational quality 6 guidelines, the results of guidelines suitability assessed and guidelines possibility assessed both overall were at a high levels.</p> Ratchanok Siangboon Sakorn Atthachakara Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 397 411 THE PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION IN CHIANG KWAN DISTRICT OF ROI ET PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247714 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the personnel administration of local government organization in Chiang Kwan district Roi Et province, 2) to compare personnel administration by gender, age, education, work position, and work experience, 3) study suggestions about personnel administration. Sampling group consisted of 211 employees and the interviewees consisted of 10 administrators and employees both group from 5 local government organization offices in Chiang Kwan Roi Et. The research instruments were a questionnaire and a structured interview form. Analyze quantitative data used basic statistic included frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation, and qualitative data used content analysis.</p> <p> The results of the research were as follows: 1. The employees of local government organization in Chiang Kwan District Roi Et Province have opinions about personnel administration of local government organization overall the mean was at a high level. 2. The employee who have education, work position, and work experience have different opinions about personnel administration of local government organization in Chiang Kwan district Roi Et province with statistical significance at the .05 level, sex and age sections not different. 3. Guidelines of personnel administration of the local government organization in Chiang Kwan district of Roi Et Province summary were as follow: 1) personnel planning aspect; there should be have a policy and make the suitability personnel plan with clearly employees’ structure and mission, 2) recruiting and selection aspect; personnel should be selected with merit system, in accordance with government regulations, disclosed and consistent with their job positions, 3) personnel retention aspect; there should be orientation training for new personnel. there is a welfare and strengthening of the morale of employees, 4) performance appraisal aspect; there should be an empirical assessment including operational intent with clear and transparent evaluation criteria, 5) human resource development aspect; should encourage personnel to always develop themselves including further education support, 6) retirement aspect; should follow the law of local government organization with a clear guideline by considering the principles of integrity, transparency, and fairness.</p> Kedsaraporn Khunwiboon Jeerasak Pokawin Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 412 422 THE EFFECT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION LEARNING APPLYING DAVIES’ INSTRUCTION MODELOF PSYCHOMOTOR DOMAINFOR PHATHOMSUKSA 5 STUDENTS https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247193 <p> The objectives of this research article were: 1) to compare students’ learning achievement before and after studying physical education forPhathomsuksa 5 using Davies’ instructional model of psychomotor domain 2) to compare students’ fundamental movement skill before and after studying physical education forPhathomsuksa 5 using Davies’ instructional model of psychomotor domain3) to study attitudes towards Physical education learning using Davies’ instructional model of psychomotor domain. The sample consisted of 30 students. The research instruments were lesson plans using Davies’ instructional model of psychomotor domain, a multiple-choice test of physical education achievement, the fundamental movement skill test, and the attitude towards physical education test. The design of this research was One-group Pretest-Posttest design. The statistics used were mean, standard deviation and t-test.</p> <p> The results of the study were as follows: 1. The achievement towards Physical education learning forPhathomsuksa 5 using Davies’ instructional model of psychomotor domain, was that posttest score was significantly higher than the pretest score at the .05 level, of significant. 2. The basic movement skill for Phathomsuksa 5, was that posttest score was significantly higher than the pretest score at the .05 level, of significant. 3. The attitudes forPhathomsuksa 5 students towards physical education learning using Davies’ instructional model of psychomotor domainwas at the highest level.</p> Kosone Ketkan Rapeepat Daunphensri Sirawan Jaradrawiwat Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 423 435 DEVELOPING THE STEM LEARNING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES FOR SCHOOLS UNDER THE SECONDARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 27 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247715 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the current condition, desirable condition, and the priority needs index of STEM learning management for schools, 2) to develop the STEM Learning Management Guidelines for Schools under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office 27. The sample group consisted of 340 teachers. Data were collected by using the current condition and desirable conditions questionnaire. To develop the guidelines the group of key informants were administrators and teachers of 2 model schools and 7 luminaries for the guideline suitability and the guideline possibility assessment. Collected data by used the review form and the guideline suitability and the guideline possibility assessment form. Statistical used for analysis data included Percentage, mean, standard deviation, and the priority needs index.</p> <p> The research results were as follows: 1. The STEM leaning management of schools under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office 27 has the current condition overall and all aspects were at moderate levels and the desirable condition overall and all aspects were at high levels, and STEM leaning management of schools under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office 27 descending sort by priority needs index were Design planning and studying, Gathering information and ideas related to educational issues, Testing evaluation and improvement, Identifying educational issues, and presenting the study results. 2. The guidelines of STEM learning management for schools under the office the Secondary Educational Service Area Office 27 consisted of 5 elements 22, indicators, 42 guidelines, with the suitability assess and the possibility assess both overall were at the highest levels.</p> Wilawan Wanthong สุรเชต น้อยฤทธิ์ Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 436 448 THE DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDELINES FOR SCHOOL MANAGEMENT ACCORDING TO SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY PHILOSOPHY FOR SCHOOLS UNDER THE OFFICE OF MUKDAHAN PRIMARY EDUCATION SERVICE AREA https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247731 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the current state and the desirable state of school management according to Sufficiency Economy Philosophy of schools under The Office of Mukdahan Primary Educational Service Area, and 2) to develop the guideline of school management according to Sufficiency Economy Philosophy for schools under the Office of Mukdahan Primary Educational Service Area. The sample group consisted of 226 administrators and teachers. Key informants were administrators and teachers from 2 pilot schools and 14 luminaries. Research instruments were a questionnaire, interview form, and guideline assessment form. Statistics used to analyze data consisted of percentage, mean, standard deviation, and the priority needs index.</p> <p> The research result was found that; 1. The school management according to Sufficiency Economy Philosophy of schools under the Office of Mukdahan Primary Educational Service Area has the current state and the desirable state both overall were at high levels. 2. Guidelines of school management according to Sufficiency Economy Philosophy of schools under The Office of Mukdahan Primary Educational Service Area consisted of 5 elements, 37 guidelines, the result of guidelines assessment by luminaries were found that the guidelines suitability and possibility assessed both overall were at the highest levels.</p> Phatthanan Metta Manit Asanok Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 449 463 THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNAL QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR SCHOOLS UNDER MAHASARAKHAM PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA 2 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247762 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the current condition, the desirable condition and the priority needs index of the implementation of internal quality assurance of schools under Mahasarakham Primary Educational Service Area 2, 2) to develop the guidelines of internal quality assurance for schools under Mahasarakham Primary Educational Service Area 2.The sample group consisted of 205 administrators, teachers, and educational personnel, Key informants consisted of administrators and teachers from 3 pilot schools and 5 luminaries to assess guideline suitability and guideline possibility. Research instruments were questionnaire, interview form, and assessment form used to assess the guideline suitability and the guideline possibility. Statistics analyzed data consisted of percentage, mean, standard deviation, and PNI<sub>modified</sub>.</p> <p> The research result was found that; 1. The implementation of internal quality assurance of schools under Mahasarakham Primary Educational Service Area 2 has the current condition overall was at moderate level and the desirable condition overall was at a high level. The result of the priority needs index analyzed sort by descending included Organization of administrative and information systems, Setting educational standards of educational institutions, Providing for continuous educational quality development, Arranging an internal quality assessment in accordance with the educational standards of the educational institution, Establishing an educational development plan for educational institutions that focuses on quality according to educational standards of educational institutions, Preparing an annual report that is an internal quality assessment report, The implementation of the educational management development plan of educational institutions, respectively. 2. The guidelines of internal quality assurance for schools under Mahasarakham Primary Educational Service Area 2 consisted of 8 elements, 32 guidelines with the guideline suitability assessment and the guideline possibility assessment both overall were at high levels.</p> <p> </p> Natthapon Chanpon Thatchai Chittranun Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 464 478 ADMINISTRATION BASED ON THE PRINCIPLES OF GOOD GOVERNANCE OF SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS AT MAHASARAKHAM TOWN MUNICIPALITY SCHOOLS https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247628 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the opinions of teachers about the administration based on the principles of good governance of the school administrators in Mahasarakham town municipality schools, 2) to compare the overall opinion of the teachers about the administration based on the principles of good governance of the school administrators in Mahasarakham town municipality schools regarding work position and work experience, and 3) to find useful practical guidelines of the administration based on the principles of good governance for school administrators. The sample group consisted of 125 school administrators and school teachers and 20 experts. Research instruments were questionnaire, interview form. The statistics used were percentage, mean, standard deviation and t-test.</p> <p> The research result was found that: 1. the study showed that the overall opinion of the teachers about the administration based on the principles of good governance of the administrators was at a high level. 2. The findings indicated that the overall opinion of the school directors and teachers about the administration based on the principles of good governance of the administrators regarding the different work positions was not different. 3. Regarding the practical guidelines, the findings suggested that there should be strategies for following up and evaluating the administration based on the principles of good governance of the administrators for the improvement. The best practical strategy for the administration should base on the ability and competency of the administrators in accountability, effectiveness, and effectiveness. The practical strategy should be also clear for the administrators. The administration should focus on efficiency in time, money, and resources. The resource management should relate to the development plan for the efficiency and goal of the organization. The schools should have short-term and long-term development plans for appropriate and practical implementation based on the strategic plan and the final goal.</p> Benjawan Thongkong Urasa Promtha Kritkanok Duangchatom Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 479 493 DEVELOPING THE STUDENT COUNCIL’S ACTIVITIES ADMINISTRATION GUIDELINES FOR SCHOOLS UNDER THE OFFICE OF SAKON NAKHON PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA 3 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247825 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the current state, the desirable state, and priority needs index of the student council’s activities administration of schools under the Office of Sakon Nakhon Primary Educational Service Area 3, and 2) to develop the student council’s activities administration for schools under the Office of Sakon Nakhon Primary Educational Service Area 3.This research sample group consisted of 190 administrators and the teachers responsible for the student council’s activities. The research instruments were a questionnaire, semi-structured interview form, and the guideline suitability and possibility assessment form. The statistics used in the research were percentage, mean, standard deviation and priority needs index.</p> <p> The research results were found that; 1. The current state and the desirable state of the student council’s activities administration of schools under the Office of Sakon Nakhon Primary Educational Service Area 3 were found that; the current state overall and all aspects were at moderate levels and the desirable state overall and al aspects were at high levels, and the priority needs index of the student council’s activities administration of schools under the Office of Sakon Nakhon Primary Educational Service Area 3 sorting PNI were as follow; 1)volunteering/public awareness activities, 2) meeting skills development activities, 3)networking activities, 4) suggestion activities, and 5) leadership development activities. 2. Guidelines of student council’s activities administration guidelines for schools under the Office of Sakon Nakhon Primary Educational Service Area 3 consisted of 5 elements, 39 guidelines were as follow; 1) Leadership development activities 6 guidelines, 2)Networking activities 5 guidelines, 3) Meeting skills development activities 11 guidelines, 4)Volunteering/public awareness activities 9 guidelines, and 5) Suggestion activities 8 guidelines. The result of guidelines assessment by 5 luminaries were found that; the suitability and possibility assessed both overall were at high levels.</p> Bussara Boonrak Manit Asanok Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 494 508 DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHER COMPETENCY ENHANCING PROGRAM ON LEANING ORGANIZATION IN ACTIVE LEARNING FOR EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS UNDER THE SECONDARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 23 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/247835 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the current state and desirable state of leaning organization in active learning for educational institutions under the secondary educational service area office 23, 2)develop teacher competency enhancing program on leaning organization in active learning for educational institutions under the secondary educational service area office 23. The sample used in this research was a group of 327 people consisting of administrators and teachers.The research instrument used in the data collection were 1) questionnaire guidelines of leaning organization in active learning, 2) structured interview for school administrators and teachers from best practice schools. The statistics used to analyze data were percentage, mean, and standard deviation.</p> <p> The research results were found that; 1. The current state of leaning organization in active learning for educational institutions under the secondary educational service area office 23 in overall was rated at a low level respectively and desirable state of leaning organization in active learning for educational institutions under the secondary educational service area office 23 in overall was rated at a high level respectively. 2. The development of teacher competency enhancing program on leaning organization in active learning for educational institutions under the secondary educational service area office 23 consisted of 5 components as 1) principles, 2) objectives, 3) models and development methods, 4) the content and syllabus which is the development of teacher competency enhancing program on leaning organization in active learning for educational institutions under the secondary educational service area office 23 consisted of 6 units as 1) warm up, 2) the study and analysis, 3) training/ practice/trying out, 4) conclusion and presentation of learning result, 5) learning improvement/apply, 6) evaluation: the methods of development of teacher competency enhancing used in this program were Workshop, Self Learning, Coaching, Supervising, and Mentoring, and assessment and evaluation of the program.</p> Wittaya Sompamit Tharinthorn Namwan Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 509 520 THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN ENRICHMENT CURRICULUM ON CONSONANT CLUSTERS WRITING USING TGT TECHNIQUES WITH BRAIN BASED LEARNING FOR GRADE II STUDENTS https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/248000 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to develop and determine the effectiveness of the development of an enrichment curriculum on consonant clusters writing using TGT techniques with brain based learning for grade II students, 2)to study the effect of implementing the development of an enrichment curriculum on consonant clusters writing using TGT techniques with brain based learning for grade II students in boarding school district. The sample was 34 grade 2 students. The research instruments were curriculum, curriculum manual and test to measure consonant clusters writing. Data were analyzed using statistics, including mean, percentage, standard deviation, and t-test.</p> <p> The results of the research indicated as follows: 1.The enrichment curriculum on consonant clusters writing using TGT techniques with brain based learning for grade II students consisted of 7 components, 1) background and significance, 2) principles, 3) objectives, 4) content structure, 5) curriculum learning activities process, 6) materials/ learning resources, and 7) measurement and evaluation. The results of the quality examination by experts revealed that the appropriateness of the developed curriculum was at a high level and the effectiveness index of the developed curriculum was 0.7709. 2. A mean score on consonant clusters writing of the respondents taught with the developed curriculum at a posttest period was higher than before with a statistical significance level of .05.</p> Jurairat Chittawong Parinyapast Seethong Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 521 533 THE POLITICS OF APPOINTING HONORIFIC https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/255953 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; This research article is aimed 1) to study about the current structure of the government system which is used by monks or Sangha as a guideline to be appointed for the honorific, and 2) to study about the procedures of making a relationship of the Sangha group or the monk group to be appointed for the honorific. This research is a qualitative research. The research instrument is in-depth interview. There are 30 informants in this study and the data was descriptively analyzed.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong>The research result revealed that; 1. the current structure of the governance system which is used by monks or Sangha as a guideline to be appointed for the honorific, according to Sangha Act B.E. 2505 ( Second Edition), Sangha Act B.E. 2535, (Third Edition) Sangha Act B.E. 2560, (Fourth Edition) B.E. 2561 concerning the structure of the governance system of the Sangha group, reveal in overall that the Sangha governance and the position taking as well as the priest rank appointing of authoritative monks in different levels in order to appoint the criteria of the Sangha to be nominated and appointed both in normal and special methods or it relies on the power of the relationship in order to help being nominated or being promoted by using the method of power of relationship making as well as the outcomes of their works on Buddhist spreading, the outcomes of social works, and the outcomes of the education in Phra Pariyattidhamma School in Dhamma-Pali Section in order for the fan rank of the honorific appointing requisition nowadays. 2. The procedure of making a relationship among Sangha ministry as a guideline to be nominated and honorific appointed reveals that in overall the relationship between the higher-ranking monk and the monk under their governance have already shown some relationship such as students in Phra Pariyattidhamma School or having the same teacher, including their personal childhood friendship during their study. These factors could help support the nomination or appointing honorific of the Sangha ministry to a higher-ranking one which may affect the requisition of other monks who also request for the honorific appointing.</p> Montri Lodgaew Piyaluk Potiwan Winai Poncharoen Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 534 547 INEQUALITY IN RECEIVING HEALTH CARE SERVICES OF PEOPLE IN THE NORTHEAST REGION https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/255955 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This research article is aimed 1) to study about a condition when obtaining a health care insurance services of people living in the Northeast region, 2) and to study about the inequity and offer suggestions towards the health care insurance services of the people in the Northeast region. This research is a qualitative research. The researcher collected the data by retrieving and studying documents in line with interview, observation, and group discussion guidelines. After the data collection process, the data was analytically checked using John Rawls’ Theory of Justice and Michel Foucault’s biopower. The targeted people consisted of 30 individuals from those who received health care services, medical staff, and health workers who were related to the service in receiving health care insurance services of the people in a province in the northeast region. The data was descriptively analyzed.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The research result revealed that; 1. the rights on obtaining a health care insurance services of the Thai people consists of three principles, namely; 1) the medical benefit system of government officers and state enterprise employees, 2) Social Security Fund system, and 3) National Health Security Fund system. 2. While the inequity in receiving health care security services consists of three areas, namely; 1) the inequity in benefits, 2) the areas of Finance and Fiscal, and 3) the area of Services. The attempt to obtain the services and to protect the people’s rights in order to receive the heath security services of the people are not being mindfully regarded and problems are not raised for a proper solution.</p> Klomsri Sittisak Piyaluk Potiwan Thanapauge Chamaratana Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 548 562 PERSISTENCE ANALYSIS OF RETURN ON INVESTMENT IN EQUITY MUTUAL FUND IN THAILAND https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/256149 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This research article aims to analyze the persistence of return on investment in equity mutual funds. The set of sampling data comes from 274 equity mutual funds which reach out 5 years or more maturity date at the end of 2020. The sample is divided into 100 dividend paying funds and 174 non-dividend paying funds. A study period covers 5 years during 2016-2020. Return was measured by profit and loss due to the change in net asset value plus dividends. Such persistence is also measured by return that is consistently higher or lower than the 3 benchmarks, namely the average, median, and the Stock Exchange of Thailand's total return index SET TRI.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results reveal that, in overall, equity mutual funds have persistent returns.&nbsp;This is because Spearman's 2020 correlations with 2, 3, and 4 years historical averagereturns are statistically significantly positive. Additionally, dividend paying mutual funds have a correlation with the 2 years historical averages, while non-dividend paying mutual funds have a correlation with the 2 and 3 years historical&nbsp;&nbsp; averages. Moreover, mutual funds that returns are higher than the average and median benchmarks are more persist than the lower ones.&nbsp;On the other hand, mutual funds that are below the SET TRI benchmark&nbsp;are more persist than the higher ones. Based on the results, it is suggested that&nbsp;investors should utilized historical average returns of 2-4 years for decision making in equity mutual fund investment.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Furthermore, should not invest in mutual funds with lower historical returns than SET TRI because of their underperformance persistence.</p> Praewaree Mannatirai Dhanawat Siriwattanakul Dhanawat Siriwattanakul Surang Hensawang Nikhum Jeljinda Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 563 577 THE DEVELOPMENT OF COACHING FOR SCHOOLS UNDER THE LOWER NORTHEASTERN MUNICIPALITY https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/256150 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objective of research article were 1) to study the current condition, desirable condition, and requirement of coaching for schools under the lower northeastern municipality, and 2) to develop guidelines of coaching for schools under the lower northeastern municipality. Samples are 369 consisting of administrators and teachers. Tools used in the study are 1) component suitability evaluation for coaching indicator for schools, 2) questionnaires about the current condition and desirable condition of coaching in schools, 3) interview from of best practice schools in coaching, and 4) suitability and possibility evaluation of coaching for schools under the lower northeastern municipality. Statistics used for analysis are percentage, mean, and standard deviation.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Results from the study show that: 1. The current condition of coaching of schools under the lower northeastern municipality is low while the desirable condition is high. 2. The guidelines for the development of coaching of schools under the lower northeastern municipality consist of 1) rational criterion, 2) objectives, 3) guidelines of coaching for schools consisting of four components as follows:&nbsp; 3.1) coaching preparation, 3.2) coaching target and plan, 3.3) coaching components, and 3.4) coaching evaluation and track, 4) management mechanism, and 5) condition for success. The overall guidelines of coaching of schools under the lower northeastern municipality are very high as well as the possibility.</p> Puang-oy Chaidee Karn Ruangmontri Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 578 590 DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHER COMPETENCY STRENGTHENING PROGRAM OF STEM EDUCATION LEARNING MANAGEMENT UNDER THE SECONDARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 21 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/248180 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to study the current state and desirable condition of Teacher Competency Strengthening of STEM Education Learning Management, 2) to develop of Teacher Competency Strengthening Program of STEM Education Learning Management under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office 21. The samples were 326 participants teachers. The research tools were 1) a set of questionnaires, 2) an interview form and 3) an assessment form of Teacher Competency Strengthening Program of STEM Education Learning Management. The statistics employed in this research were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and reliability, mean, standard deviation and percentage and Modified Priority Needs Index.</p> <p> The research results were as follow: 1. the current state and desirable condition of Teacher Competency Strengthening of STEM Education Learning Management under Secondary Educational Service Area Office, Area 21 revealed that the current state of all and each components were at more level. The desirable condition of all components was at the most level, ordering from the highest.2. Developmentof Teacher Competency Strengthening Program of STEM Education Learning Management under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office 21 consists of 5 parts; 1) principle 2) objectives 3) material 4) Method of operation 5) evaluation. A scope of the program was classified to 3 modules. The first was knowledge, the second was skill and the third was attribute. The program showed that it was suitable as a whole at the most level and was possible as a whole at the most level.</p> Chanthip Sopapol Tharinthorn Namwan Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 591 600 GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPIG EARLY CHILDHOOD STUDENTS' POTENTIAL OF SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS UNDER THE UBON RATCHATHANI PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 1 IN THE 21ST CENTURY https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/256153 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objectives of the research article were to study and compare the opinions of school administrators towards the guidelines for developing early childhood student potential of school administrators under Ubon Ratchathani Primary Educational Service Area Office 1 in the 21<sup>st</sup> century. The sample group was the School Administrators under the Office of Ubon Ratchathani Elementary Education Area 1, 165 people. The tool was a questionnaire. The data were analyzed by computer processing for percentage, mean, standard deviation, t - test and F-test.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The research results were as follow: 1. the opinions of the school administrators on the guidelines for developing early childhood students' potential the overall level is at a high level. Sort the average from highest to lowest is the evaluation aspect. for teachers and educational personnel building participation aspect and the content of the course, respectively. 2. School administrators with gender, education level Executive experience. They have different opinions on the approach to developing early childhood students' potential. No different the executives of different ages had different opinions.</p> Meechai Srikoon Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 ุ601 613 TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND WORK EFFICIENCY OF THE NEW ERA MAYOR https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/252680 <p> The objectives of the research article were 1) to study transformational leadership of the new era mayor, 2) to compare the level of effectiveness of transformational leadership of the new era mayor, and 3) to study the relationship between transformational leadership and work efficiency of the new era mayor. There were a sample of 276 was drawn based on purposive sampling. The tool using in this research was a questionnaire. The statistics using in the research consisted of percentage, mean, standard deviation and Pearson’s product moment correlation was for hypothesis testing.</p> <p> The research findings revealed that; 1. the transformational leadership of the new era mayor was at high level overall; when considering in each aspect, it found that the maximum mean score was inspiration, followed by individualized consideration, intellectual stimulation and the lower mean score was idealized influence. 2. Work efficiency of the new era mayor was at middle level overall; when considering in each aspect, it found that the maximum mean score was budget management, followed by environmental, tax concept and the lower mean score was promotion of supplementary occupations. 3. The levels of transformational leadership and work effectiveness were significant at the 0.01 level which are consistent with the assumptions established. Pearson product moment correlation coefficient at the .723 level.</p> <p> </p> Phorntep Kositworawut Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 614 628 PARTICIPATION IN PROMOTING LEGAL KNOWLEDGE TO PEOPLE OF KHONKAEN PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/256191 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the participation in promoting legal knowledge to people in KhonKaen Province, 2) to study the factors influencing participation in promoting legal knowledge to people, and 3) to study the guidelines for the development of participation in the promotion of legal knowledge for people in KhonKaen province. The sample consisted of 400 people who had the right to vote in KhonKaen Province and 10 people who were interviewed by interviewees. The research tools including questionnaires and interview forms. The statistics used in the research were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and multiple regression analysis. The qualitative data analysis used descriptive analysis.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results showed that: 1. The level of participation in the promotion of legal knowledge to people in KhonKaen province, dependent variables in all aspects, found that a moderate level. 2. Factors Influencing Participation in Promoting Legal Knowledge to People in Khon Kaen Province Overall in all aspects, it was found that assistance from network partners. The role of local authorities. The predictor coefficients&nbsp;&nbsp; in raw scores were .676 and .174, respectively. 3. Development guidelines should create a legal process or policy for the people there is a campaign for people to participate in promoting knowledge of the law. For people who follow the law Listening to people's opinions in helping in case of disputes organize training and prepare a manual on legal knowledge &nbsp;in the community Government agencies come to provide knowledge about participation in promoting legal knowledge in practice by cultivating values of consciousness and raising awareness of community law knowledge and the benefits of legal participation.</p> Kraisorn Dessimma Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 629 639 QUALITY OF WORK LIFE OF PERSONNEL LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICES IN THE ROI KAEN-SARASIN AREA https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/256192 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the quality of working life of personnel Office of local government organizations in the Roi Kaen-Sarasin area, &nbsp;&nbsp;2) to study the factors affecting the quality of working life of personnel Office of local government organizations in the Roi Kaen-Sarasin area, and 3) to study the guidelines for improving the quality of working life of personnel Local government offices in the Roi Kaen-Sarasin area. The sample consisted of 400 people who had the right to vote in Roi Kaen-Sarasin area and 10 people who were interviewed by interviewees. The research tools including questionnaires and interview forms. The statistics used in the research were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and multiple regression analysis. The qualitative data analysis used descriptive analysis.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; The results showed that: 1. Quality of life in the work of personnel Local government offices in the Roi Kaen - Sarasin area. The overall dependent variables in all aspects were moderate. 2. Factors affecting quality of work life of personnel of local organization offices in Roi Kaen-Sarasin Area Overall in all aspects, it was found that the relationship with the organization, the development of individual abilities and social integrationX<sub>4</sub> the predictor coefficients in raw scores were .422, .401 and &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;-.703, respectively. 3. Guidelines for improving the quality of life in the work of personnel satisfaction with the physical and mental state should be perceived in order to establish social and environmental relationships. By having good health without any illnesses that hinder life and having to get mentally relaxed as well as satisfaction with income and support as well as perception and satisfaction in the environment that affects the way of life of personnel perceptions of physical condition which affects daily life To perceive the state of physical fitness, perception of feeling of comfort, no pain in daily life, perception of personnel's mental state. There is a perception of positive feelings that people have towards personnel, perceptions of perceptions, perceptions of pride of personnel, perceptions of personnel relationships with other people, that they are not imprisoned, are safe and have stability in life.</p> Hathaiwan Tunyapanich Wirat Pimpa Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 640 650 THE GUIDELINES TO DEVELOP THE DIGITAL LEADERSHIP FOR TEACHERS UNDER THE SECONDARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE MAHASARAKHAM https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/256200 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This research aimed 1) to study current conditions, desirable conditions, and needs of the digital leadership for teachers and 2) to study the guidelines to develop the digital leadership for teachers under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Mahasarakham. The participants were 54 school directors and 260 teachers totally 314 participants and5academic experts. The research instrument was questionnaire semi-structured interview and questionnaire on appropriateness and feasibility of the guidelines to develop the digital leadership for teachers under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Mahasarakham. The statistics used to analyze the data consisted of the frequency, the percentage, mean, standard deviation, and priority needs index.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The findings revealed that; 1. The current conditions of the digital leadership for teachers under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Mahasarakham were overall at the low level. The highest average was the cooperation. The desirable conditions of the digital leadership for teachers under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Mahasarakham were overall at the highest level. The highest average was the digital vision. The needs of the digital leadership for teachers and under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Mahasarakham were ranked in the order from high to low as follows; digital vision, communication, digital knowledge and cooperation. 2. The guidelines to develop the digital leadership for teachers under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Mahasarakham consisted of 25 guidelines. In overall, the mean of appropriateness was 4.98 as the highest level and the mean of feasibility was 4.93 as also the highest level.</p> Pitpimon Sunthawong Tharinthorn Namwan Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 ุ651 663 DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDELINES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF STUDENT CARE AND SUPPORT SYSTEMS USING DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY IN SCHOOLS UNDER NAKHON RATCHASIMA PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 3 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/256204 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;This research aims to 1) study current condition, the desirable condition and the necessity for implementation of student care and support systems using digital technology in schools under Nakhon Ratchasima primary educational service area office 3. 2) development of guidelines for implementation of student care and support systems using digital technology in schools under Nakhon Ratchasima primary educational service area office 3.The sample group consisted of 92 school administrators and 242 teachers, totaling 344 people.The informatization group includes 3 schools with best practices and 5 experts.The tools used in the research include questionnaire, the semi-structured interview and the evaluation of the possibility. The statistics used in this research is average, standard deviation, and modified priority index.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results showed that; 1. The overall opinions concerning the current, and desirable conditions to Development of implementation of student care and support systems using digital technology in schools under Nakhon Ratchasima primary educational service area office 3. were found to be at the moderate level. In addition, the desirable conditions could be observed at highest level. Furthermore, the priority need order including: 1) aspect of student screening 2) student promotion 3) knowing students individually 4) student referral and 5) prevention and problem solving respectively. 2. Development of guidelines for Implementation of Student Care and Support Systems Using Digital Technology in Schools Under Nakhon Ratchasima Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 consisting of 5 aspects as follows: 1) knowing students individually, 2) aspect of student screening, 3) student promotion, 4) prevention and problem solving, and 5) student referral. These 5 aspects could be elaborated into 22 detailed guidelines for Implementation of Student Care and Support Systems Using Digital Technology in Schools. The degree of suitability and possibility of this present of guidelines were ranked at the highest level.</p> Praeploy Phattanasaeng Tharinthorn Namwan Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 664 678 LEADERSHIP OF THE VILLAGE HEADMAN OF PASUNG VILLAGE, PASUNG SUB-DISTRICT, CHATURAPHAK PHIMAN DISTRICT, ROI ET PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/250075 <p> The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the leadership of the headmen, 2) to analyze the leadership problems of the headmen, and 3) to suggest ways to solve the leadership problems of the headmen. It is a qualitative research. The sample group consisted of 21 people. Research tools include an in-depth interview form. Then take the information collected obtained from literary documents and interview forms for content analysis.</p> <p> The results showed that; 1. The village headman has high leadership and has good human relations., villagers can rely on who are knowledgeable in their own duties a person who has sacrificed Have morals, adhere to the interests of the public who is ready to lead others who is honest with everyone who is fair in governing the village, is impartial, unbiased, honest and straightforward Leadership issues of the village headman. 2. Leadership of the village headman Lack of budget for village development Village people have low incomes and no stable jobs. The resources and environment in the village are not conducive to village development. Lack of budget to allocate the purchase of materials and equipment for village development that is insufficient for development Leaders do not have decentralized work orders. Lack of written assignments for certain activities and the issue of guidelines for solving the leadership problems of the village headman. 3. Guidelines for solving the leadership problems of the village headman Training should be provided to leaders or village committees to increase their leadership potential. It should also promote the occupation of the villagers. Leaders must be good examples of subordinates or associates. Especially in government operations, administrative decisions and village development.</p> Wachirawut Thawalset Pongsawut Rachjun Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 679 691 THE PATTERNS OF THE FUNERAL OF BUDDHISTS IN PHUKHAO THONG SUB-DISTRICT, NONGPHOK DISTRICT, ROI ET PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/256387 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objectives of this research article were 1) to study the concept of a funeral arrangement of Buddhists in Phu Khao Thong Sub-district, 2) to study patterns of funeral arrangements of Buddhists in Phu Khao Thong Sub-district, Nong Phok District, Roi Et Province. This research is a qualitative research. The sample groups used in the interview were 50 people. The research instrument was the observation interview form. Data analysis by using document data and field data for analysis with the qualitative data analysis method by content analysis and synthesis content analysis and inductive inference and presented in a descriptive and analytical way.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The research results were found that: 1. the concept of the intended funeral in accordance with the Buddhist guidelines; the desires of Buddhists in Phu Khao Thong&nbsp; Sub-district, Nong Phok District, Roi Et Province. Phu Khao Thong subdistrict community, being a Buddhist community, has the following practices when there is a person who is terminally ill: treating the deceased body, funeral prayer, the ordination of the descendants for merit dedicating to the deceased and leading the deceased body procession for cremation, cremation ceremony, and keeping the ashes of the deceased body and merit-making. All of which are the specific characteristics of the community. At present, the funeral arrangement of the community has been changed according to fashion. Back in the past, the deceased body was buried before being cremated, but nowadays the cremation and merit-making are usually done right away. Although each community has the funeral arrangement according to the host, the procedures of the ceremony still follow the tradition and practices that have been inherited from the ancestors based on the original and Buddhist beliefs with the purpose of dedicating merits for the deceased. 2. A model of the funeral arrangement for Buddhists in Phu Khao Thong Sub-district, Nong Phok District, Roi Et Province. From studying a model of the funeral arrangement by Buddhists in Phu Khao Thong subdistrict community, Nong Phok district, Roi Et province, it was found that there consist of 4 aspects as follows: 1) The overall funeral arrangement. 2) Before the cremation. 3) On the day of cremation. 4) After the cremation.</p> Phra Athikan Promma Candadhammo Phaithun Saunmaphi Phrakrupralad Sommai Attasitto Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 ุ692 700 THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MODEL FOR STRENGTHENING THE ELDERLY’S ATTRIBUTES AT THE SCHOOL FOR THE ELDERLY PEOPLE SCHOOL BASED ON CONTEMPLATIVE EDUCATION https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/256392 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;The objectives of the research article were 1) to study states on the elderly’s attributes to construct a format and develop it for strengthening their attributes, 2) to pursue results of the constructed format, 3) to evaluate the format based on contemplative education. Sample sizes constituted 525 samplers selected through multi-stages adding up to 525 individual. The preceding group comprised one school principal, teachers and the elderly’s representatives. The sampling group on a voluntary basis consisted of 101 elderly students at a contemplative education-based school in Thailand’s north-east region. Research devices comprised: 1) the poll on undertaking the elderly’s school administration, 2) the format for strengthening their attributes, 3) the testing set for measurements of strengthening their attributes, 4) the post-interview set, 5) the questionnaire on their satisfaction, 6) the evaluation form for strengthening their attributes. The statistics used to analyze data comprised percentage, frequency, mean and standard deviation.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The research results were found that: 1. States on undertaking the contemplative education-based school managements were rated at the moderate scale. 2. Essence of strengthening their attributes contained: self-awareness, critical listening, aesthetic dialogues, public mind, and affection and mercy. All the essence was carried through focus groups, evaluation of IOC, and trial. 3. Activity test scores accounted for 81.65 %. In comparison between pretest and posttest scores, those participating in the activities owned higher points with the statistical significance at .05. The format for strengthening their attributes based on contemplative education possessed efficiency at 82.20/81.65. The elderly were satisfied with participating in activities at the highest level. 4) The developed format had their own suitability at the high scale.</p> Nikom Suwapong Suthep Maythaisong Sakol Kambust Arworn Chaochan Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 ึ701 715 THE COMPLIANCE OF THE TAX PLAN ON RELATIONSHIP WITH THE SUCCESSFUL RESULTS OF SMES ENTREPRENEURS IN THE AREA OF NONGBUALAMPHU PROVINCE https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/AJMBU/article/view/245687 <p> The objectives of this research were 1) to study the compliance of tax plan of the SMEs entrepreneurs, 2) to study the successful results of the SMEs entrepreneurs and 3) to study the relationship between the compliance of the tax plan and the successful results of the SMEs entrepreneurs. The samples were 216 persons from the SMEs entrepreneurs. The instruments using for data collecting were questionnaires. The statistics using for data analysis included mean, standard deviation and pearson’s correlation coefficient.</p> <p> The results of findings were as follows: 1. For overall and each aspect of the compliance of tax plan for the SMEs entrepreneurs for the aspect of operation of the administrators and the assignees representatives were in high level. 2. The successful results on the compliance of tax plan of the SMEs entrepreneurs were in high level for overall and 3. The compliance of tax plan with the successful of the SMEs entrepreneurs was in high relationship and was on statistical significance at 0.01 level and for exception on the operation of the administrators with the successful of the SMEs entrepreneurs was in medium relationship and was on statistical significance at 0.01 level.</p> Vanida Na Lamphun Copyright (c) 2022 Academic Journal of Mahamakut Buddhist University Roi Et Campus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-30 2022-03-30 11 1 ึ716 725