https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/issue/feed Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University 2024-05-26T16:45:53+07:00 Asst. Prof. Dr. Chitsirin Konkong journalhss@psru.ac.th Open Journal Systems <p>The Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences of Phibulsongkram Rajabhat University is a publication of the research and development institute of Phibulsongkram Rajabhat University. It considers and publishes academic articles and research articles in both Thai and English languages in the fields of education, political science, business administration, linguistics, social development, and interdisciplinary social sciences. The articles are contributed by researchers, academics, students, or practitioners in related fields from various educational institutions and organizations. The journal is published biannually, with two issues per year: Issue 1 from January to June and Issue 2 from July to December. All articles undergo evaluation by three qualified reviewers from diverse institutions, and none of the reviewers have affiliations directly related to the authors.</p> <p><a title="ISSN" href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=allissnbis=%222985-0479%22&amp;search_id=37168682" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ISSN</strong> 2985-0479 (Print)</a><br /><a title="ISSN" href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=allissnbis=%222985-0479%22&amp;search_id=37168682" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ISSN</strong> 2985-0487 (Online)</a><br /><strong>Start year</strong>: 2007<br /><strong>Free access</strong>: Immediate</p> https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/274434 Download 2024-05-26T16:25:24+07:00 Panadda Kulnathon panadda.ko@psru.ac.th 2024-05-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/274435 Download 2024-05-26T16:39:30+07:00 Panadda Kulnathon panadda.ko@psru.ac.th 2024-05-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/274436 Download 2024-05-26T16:45:53+07:00 Chitsirin Konkong chitsirin@psru.ac.th 2024-05-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/255057 Enhancing Purposes in Life for Youth Development 2022-10-19T14:31:57+07:00 Arisa Sumamal walainart.m@ku.th Walainart Meepan walainart.m@ku.th <p>Purpose in life is an intention that leads one's life direction, based on personal beliefs, values, and needs. It affects one's decisions and actions, leading to self-development to benefit both oneself and others, and giving a sense of personal meaningfulness. Therefore, purpose in life is an important issue of positive youth development and is also in accord with the new paradigm of education, which its goals are not only to improve students' knowledge and skills but also to enhance intrinsic values and motivation for lifelong learning. The purpose of this paper is to present knowledge about purposes in life from international and domestic literature reviews promoting further studies. The topics of this paper include 1) history of the purpose in life concept 2) meaning of purpose in life 3) components of purpose in life 4) purpose in life measurements and 5) guidelines enhancing purpose in life of youth in 6 steps; preparing, relationship building, self-inquiry and learning new concepts, learning plan with goal connected to purpose, action, and reflection. The guidelines can be applied and implemented for youth development in each context to empower youth to live their lives and to foster skills for learning what they feel interested in.</p> 2024-03-17T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/264271 Development of Business Ethics and Social Responsibilities Course for Massive Open Online Course 2023-03-27T14:40:56+07:00 Sansanee Teeparuksapun sansanee.sa@psu.ac.th Poom Cheecharoen poom.c@psu.ac.th <p>The objectives of this research are to 1) develop business ethics and social responsibilities course on Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) 2) compare learning achievement of students in a pre-post study and 3) evaluate learner satisfaction from 132 students who attended in Prince of Songkla University Massive Open Online Course (PSU-MOOC) during November 2021 and July 2022. The research tool was pre-test, post-test and satisfaction questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted through content review and statistics.</p> <p>The Business ethics and social responsibility course using ADDIE model approach consisted of 2 chapters, 10 subtopics as follows: Chapter 1- business ethics (1) meaning and importance of business ethics (2) guidelines for decision-making in business ethics (3) business ethics issues (4) factors influencing the level of ethical behavior in an organization (5) process for building ethical standards of the organization. Chapter 2- corporate social responsibility (CSR) with subtopics (6) background and importance of CSR (7) the level of CSR (8) relationship between stakeholders and CSR (9) type of CSR (10) implement CSR project. The results of pre and post-test knowledge of learners were statistically different at the significance level of 0.01. The average was 9.02% and the results of the post-test were 73.94% and 3) the students' satisfaction with the course was at a high level.</p> 2024-03-17T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/260993 Negative Effect of Perceived Organizational Support from the Too-much of Good Thing Effect (TMT): Evidence from the Aviation Organizations in Thailand 2023-03-01T11:42:33+07:00 Thamarat Jangsiriwattana thamarat.jan@kbu.ac.th <p>The purpose of this research was to investigate perceived organizational support as a negative influence on the relationship between proactive personality and knowledge sharing. Data was collected from 620 respondents in the aviation industry in Thailand via a self-administered questionnaire. Multiple regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis. The findings revealed that a proactive personality significantly influences knowledge sharing. Perceived organizational support, or, more particularly the lack of it, was shown to have a negative effect on the relationship between proactive personality and knowledge sharing by reducing the positive effect of proactive personality on knowledge sharing. This novel finding extends the role of perceived organizational support from prior research and further informs the perspective of HR practitioners in the organization.</p> 2024-03-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/258351 Community Participation in Justice Management to Prevent and Solve Recidivism Problems of Ex-Convicts: A Case Study of Upper Southern Provinces 2022-11-07T11:14:52+07:00 Akkakorn Chaiyapong vachiravitch.itt@mbu.ac.th Vachiravitch Ittithathanasuphavitch vachiravitch.koh.mbu.ssc.1@gmail.com Niramol Yindee vachiravitch.itt@mbu.ac.th <p>The study of community participation in justice management to prevent and solve recidivism problems of ex-convicts: a case study of upper southern provinces aimed to 1) study and analyze problems about the recidivism of the ex-convicts 2) study and analyze community participation appropriate for preventing recidivism, and 3) recommend the guidelines of community participation that is effective and appropriate for preventing recidivism of the ex-convicts. This study was qualitative research depending on in-depth interviews and focus groups from the key informants meanwhile research tools were the forms of in-depth interviews and focus groups. After the accuracy of the data was validated, it was then analyzed through content analysis. According to research findings, it was found that: 1) according to the problem of recidivism of the ex-convicts and the obstacles of the community in preventing recidivism in the areas of upper southern provinces of Thailand, it was indicated that the upper southern provinces with the highest recidivism are Nakhon Si Thammarat with 200 offenders, Surat Thani with 134 offenders, Phuket with 104 offenders, and Furthermore, there were 587 ex-convicts who committed recidivism from the year 2015 to 2019, as for recidivism, there were 587 offenders caused by personal factors of the ex-convicts, such as mental problem, family and environment background (accommodation), feeling worthless, and unfavorable community condition forcing to a group of <br />ex-convicts to become recidivists again, and also legal factors and justice procedures. The ex-convicts have no rights to make career since the law prescribes prohibited characteristics in occupation or works of those who used to be sentenced in imprisonment, such as Lawyers Act, B.E. 2528, Civil Service Act, B.E. 2551, Health Business Establishments Act, B.E. 2559, Section 13, and other 25 acts that restrict the rights of those sentenced convicts, 2) community participation appropriate for preventing recidivism indicated that that it is necessary to have the guidelines of community participation composing of adjusting the laws, building knowledge and understanding about the ex-convicts, making public relation media, initiating the projects, promoting family participation (relatives of the ex-convicts) using the middleman for mediation, setting the committee to nominate the senior representatives of community who were accepted from community, who were disciplined and passed religious principles, and 3) according to the guidelines in community participation that is effective and appropriate for preventing recidivism of the ex-convicts, since some areas or communities have different participation, the formats of community participation should be chosen to suit the context of community and locality in order to make it efficient in preventing and solving the problems of recidivism of the ex-convicts further and there are recommendations, especially in terms of the law. There should be amendments to the law that prescribes qualifications prohibiting inmates, occupation, or deleting the criminal record of the acquitted inmates within a set period of time failure to commit crimes within the specified time period is an opportunity for a better life. When these acquitted are able to make a living to earn money for themselves and not return to commit the same offense again, making society is safe because the acquitted have a career and do not want to go back to prison again.</p> 2024-03-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/268223 Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Business Development: a Case Study of Lower Northern Region 2023-07-10T13:39:49+07:00 Bhagaporn Wattanadumrong bhagaporn@nu.ac.th <p>The study of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) business development and spatial disparity in a case study of lower northern region focused on the concepts of economics, social and environment development affecting the SMEs register. The study also examined adding economic value of goods and services as well as regional distribution. This research aimed to overview the SMEs business development in the lower northern and to analyze the entrepreneurs’ business development with the spatial disparity. This research explored the facts as positive analysis using the provincial-level data development to measure the “dynamic” mechanism of provincial/regional levels so as to allocate enforcement applied to city and province development. based on the studies of Liua &amp; Pang (2013), Wattanadumrong et al. (2020) Using the macroeconomic data collection from 2017 – 2020, the results showed that in the lower northern economic structure, the first three outstanding ranking provinces were Kamphaengphet Province for industrial sector, Phitsanulok for trade sector, and Phichit for the agriculture sector. The results of model specification estimation of the relationship between SMEs register and other determinants affecting the extension of businesses showed that the amount of population and the number of businesses located in the lower north were statistically significant on the business development register. However, the proportion of industrial and services needs to be explored in further research.</p> 2024-03-19T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/265654 Thai Public Administration Towards Sustainable Development 2023-03-17T08:35:40+07:00 Bongkot Jenjarrussakul bongkot.jen@nida.ac.th Kalayanee Senasu kalaya.s@nida.ac.th Dawisa Sritanyarat dawisa.s@gmail.com Pawinee Petchsawang pawpetch@gmail.com <p>This article presents research that aims to refine a model of Thai public administration based on the Sufficiency Economy Philosophy driving towards sustainable development and to compare the implementation of the Sufficiency Economy Philosophy (SEP), the National Strategy in Government efficiency and better access to public services, and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) implemented in Thai government agencies. The research adopts content analysis to analyze interview data collected from 15 departments/offices management under the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives using semi-structured interviews, and secondary data collected from other related research studies. The results reveal that there are two major issues to be revised in the SEP model; i.e., developing resilience competence and societal citizenship behavior for officers, and promoting people engagement in society development. Implementing public administration based on the SEP plays a key role in moving Thailand towards sustainable development. The analysis reveals that the goals and indicators within the national strategy generally fall into the entry-level, called partial practice level, in the Sufficiency Economy (SE) model, which reflects the method of practice. The comparison between the SE model and the UN’s SDGs reveals that the SDGs focus on the indicators of the process, which are driving mechanisms toward the SDGs. However, all three frameworks confirm that sustainable development must be addressed from the foundation with consideration given to surrounding dimensions within the context. In addition, sustainable development also requires collaboration among stakeholders, and human development is needed as the basis. By this, digital technology is one of the key components of driving toward sustainable development.</p> 2024-03-19T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/251894 In-depth Local Identities of Ban Khlong Ri Village, Chai Nat Province: Achievement of Dynamic Unique Model 2022-04-18T15:50:29+07:00 Sirivimon Saywech kiesiri.say@gmail.com Kraingsak Khiaomang Kraingsak_k@yahoo.com Seo Miyoung Kiesiri.say@gmail.com <p>This research aims to enhance endemic identity by integrating scientific and technological tools, with the goal of community product design. According to the proactive process model approach, or Dynamic Unique (DU Model), it is participatory research. The target group was the Ban Khlong Ri community, Huai Krot Subdistrict, Sankhaburi District, Chainat Province, Central Thailand. A semi-structured in-depth interview form revealed the primary identities of Ban Khlong Ri, namely rice, toddy palm and fermented fish, analysed with the second tool. The synthetic model, with 12-month, 3-season variables, found that the three identities dynamically corresponded to the way of life of the community. During a specific period, in February, all three identities were completed at the same time, and the community, therefore, used them for activities associated with Asian Palmyra Fruit Rice Noodle. This is unique in both form, process and connotation, and consistent with the tool's report, thus, synthesized into a local identity. The selection of sugar cane was then summarised for upgrading with scientific and technological processes, one of which was in accordance with the autodynamics model. The results of this experiment revealed that Ban Khlong Ri has a guideline for making palm sugar powder, dried brown vermicelli and a new colour set from Toddy palm, as measured with a Chroma meter. In summary, it is a deep, local identity colour. Primary and secondary colour combinations are available to design a visually new community product, consumption of which will occur in the future to help support the activities in making brown rice noodles and creating alternatives for visitors, in accordance with the objectives of the research.</p> 2024-03-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/258765 Guidelines for The Development of Thai Traditional Medical Tourism for Domestic Tourists After The COVID-19 Pandemic 2022-09-02T13:13:37+07:00 Jirawadee Intakarn jirawadee.i@pnru.ac.th Worrapon Wangkananon intakarn.56@gmail.com <p>The objectives of this study were to: 1) Study the supply chain of entrepreneurs and 2) Propose guidelines for the development of Thai traditional medical tourism. The method of this research consists of two types of research methods which are a qualitative research by collecting primary data. As for the qualitative research, it studied of supply by implementing in-depth interviews method focusing on a specific sample group including logistics specialists such as Confederation Director Thai Federation On Logistics, Travel Service Standards Specialist, Phataravej Siam Clinic and Phataravej Siam Thai Traditional Medicine School, Purita Thai Massage School Administrator, PHiPhi Coral Company Tour Operator and Consultant Federation Thai Spa and The Westin Grande Sukhumvit Hotel. The data collection of quantitative research was a study by questionnaires. There were 488 local tourists as a sample group who were served by Thai traditional medical tourism. Afterwards, the data collection of qualitative and quantitative research were combined in order to conduct group discussions with relevant targeted groups. Specific specialists were identified, including logistics and supply chain, health tourism and Thai traditional medicine, and entrepreneurs. To set guidelines for the development of Thai traditional medical tourism. The result of the research has shown that 1) Thai traditional wellness tourism is characterized by its Thai identity and uniqueness especially, Thai herbs and authentic massages of each region. For example, the northern region represents Lanna medicine recipes. “Tum Hayahari Punchai” shows the symbol of Central Region. Whilst, identity of Isan Civilization is presented in Northeastern region. Ban Hao, Eastern Region is a sign of blending Thai traditional massage and western. Moreover, southern sciences raises the identity of Langkasuka massage. Tourists pay attention to the most relevant factors as follows: activities in the supply chain are herbal products, service quality is trust, efficiency in tourism logistics is customer service and the competitive advantage is efficiency. 2) Guidelines for the development of tourism can be a new way of life after Covid-19 pandemic which is presented 3 approaches: (1) Thai traditional medicine attracting social conservation tourism (2) Medical activity tourism “The Next Normal” Thai Plan for Economic Sustainability and (3) Sustainable Herbal Ecotourism.</p> 2024-03-23T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/258782 Factors Influencing the Emergence of Chinese Slang Online From 2012 to 2020 2022-10-19T14:49:29+07:00 Chutima Khemcharoen chutima.kh@lsed.tu.ac.th Parinya Mongkolpanich parinya.mo@lsed.tu.ac.th <p>This research studied factors influencing the emergence of Chinese slang online from 2012 to 2020. Samples were Chinese slang words gathered from online media posted from 2012 to 2020 on Thai and Chinese websites intended to provide knowledge about Chinese vocabulary and national data. 135 Chinese slang words were collected by specific sampling. Data was analyzed by frequency distribution, percentage, and descriptive analysis. Results were that Chinese slang word use was influenced by seven factors: 1) word formation (35.56 percent); 2) social media and multimedia (17.78 percent); 3) foreign language prevalence (14.81 percent); 4) entertainment industry (10.37 percent); 5) politics and administration (8.89 percent); 6) social phenomena (6.67 percent); and 7) economics (5.92%). These findings may help Chinese language researchers better understand Chinese slang and relevant social conditions as well as teaching and learning management related to Chinese slang for instructors through integrating national social conditions in diverse fields through slang.</p> 2024-03-23T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/266827 The Analysis of Classroom Discourse on Distance Education via Satellite (DLTV) of the Small Size Schools under Chiang Mai Primary Educational Service Area Office 4 2023-05-02T10:10:24+07:00 Wasupong Iwang wasupong530210412@gmail.com <p>This research aimed to study teacher high-order thinking questioning and analyze classroom discourse on distance education via satellite (DLTV) in 5 classrooms of the small size schools under Chiang Mai primary educational service area office 4. The conversation in class was recorded with video cameras. The data analysis was done by classroom discourse. Questions in the classroom were classified types of high-order thinking questions. The findings revealed that teacher high-order thinking questioning averaged 26.37 percent of the total learning time. Questions in the classroom were influenced by distance education via satellite (DLTV). Most students do not participate in class discussions because class interactions begin with teacher questioning. Then, the students responded. After that, the teacher immediately checks the responses for accuracy. Teachers lack the use of questions that encourage learners to listen carefully to one another and to engage with others’ ideas.</p> 2024-03-23T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/266900 The Promotion and Development Process for Grassroot Economic Products in Thai Chana Suek Sub-district, Thung Saliam District, Sukhothai Province 2023-05-15T14:42:31+07:00 Pornchai Pantung pornchai.pa@psru.ac.th <p>This research aimed to study the promotion and development process for products from folk wisdom in Thai Chana Suek Subdistrict based on community participation, along with the assessment of social return on investment (SROI). An interview form, a survey form, and a questionnaire were used for data collection. The samples were selected by purposive sampling, i.e., 3 from the fabric weaving group, 3 from the sugar palm leaf wickerwork group, and 100 consumers. The data was analyzed by percentage, mean, and standard deviation. The research results showed that the guidelines on product promotion and development process were divided into 6 aspects, i.e., 1) community context; 2) the analysis of community cultural products; 3) conceptualization and test; 4) prototype development; 5) marketing strategies; 6) and assessing social impacts of investment at 20.59. Consumer satisfaction toward product design in terms of utilization, attractiveness, shapes, and forms was high (x̄ = 4.19, S.D. = 0.46).</p> 2024-03-23T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/265490 Cluster Analysis of Environmental Responsibility Behavior among Thai Youths 2023-04-12T09:42:06+07:00 Noppamash Suvachart snoppa@kku.ac.th <p>The objective of this research is to study environmental responsibility behavior when visiting natural areas among Thai youths. Using online data collection method from 485 Thai population aged between 19-25 years old. The result indicated that most of Thai youth had a full performance environmental responsibility behavior. By conducting K-means Cluster Analysis with K = 5, there could be segmented into five groups with the explicit differences of behaviors. 1) The very light green group was the least number, accounting for 0.20 percent of the sample. This group is a group that does not practice environmentally responsible behavior at all, indifferent to the environment, and have the lowest level of environmentally responsible behavior. 2) The light green group, accounting for 1.03 percent of the sample group. This group is a group that practices some environmentally responsible behavior. Some care about the environment and have a low level of environmental responsibility behavior. 3) The green group accounted for 12.17 percent of the sample group. This group is a group that practices environmentally responsible behavior infrequently, care about the environment infrequently, and have moderate environmentally responsible behavior. 4) The dark green group had the highest number, accounting for 61.03 percent of the sample group. This group often acts as an environmentally responsible behavior group. Always pay attention to the environment and have a high level of environmental responsibility behavior. 5) The very dark green group representing 25.57 percent of the sample group. This group is a group to practice responsible behavior on the environment on a regular basis. Always pay attention to the environment and have the highest level of environmentally responsible behavior.</p> 2024-04-07T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/266425 The Development of Local Food Wisdom for the Elderly of Wiang Nuea Sub-district, Wiang Chai District, Chiang Rai Province 2023-05-18T13:38:14+07:00 Wasana Sepha wasana.sep@crru.ac.th Jiraporn Manowang wasana.sep@crru.ac.th Kritsanakan Phaphothirat wasana.sep@crru.ac.th <p>The purpose of this research was to study wisdom and develop traditional recipes for the elderly of Wiang Nuea Sub-district, Wiang Chai District, Chiang Rai Province. It was a qualitative and operational research. Purposive sampling was used to collect data from a informant group of 20 people, including the elderly, those with knowledge and wisdom in local food, wisdom teachers who participate in the process of generating food recipes, and community leaders. In-depth interviews, participatory behavior observation forms, forums, and the production of local cuisine recipes using qualitative data and content analysis were used as research methodologies.</p> <p>The study's findings revealed that 1) local food wisdom was inherited from grandparents and culturally passed down from generation to generation until now. People in the community enjoyed eating jackfruit curry to promote their Buddhist beliefs through customs such as the Songkran Festival or the New Year of the City. Furthermore, the belief of Kang Kha Nun is that it is an auspicious curry to make their lives prosperous, and Kaeng Khae should be eaten during the changing seasons since Kaeng Khae is a meal that employs a lot of herbs and vegetables and can prevent fever. Local foods commonly consumed in the community include Nam Prik Pla, Kaeng Phak Ho Pla Haeng, Kaeng Bon Kaep Moo, Kaeng Kae Jin Haeng, Larb Moo, Jor Phak Kad, Crab Chili Paste, Olive Chili Paste, Ta Dang Chili Paste, Aep Pla, Khao Tom Hua Ngork, Khanom Jok, and herbal juices such as lemongrass juice, pandan leaf juice, and butterfly pea juice. 2) In the development of local recipes of the elderly in Wiang Nuea Sub-district, Wiang Chai District, Chiang Rai, the researcher and the elderly in the community jointly analyzed the development guidelines by developing recipes according to wisdom to get the appropriate appearance and taste while still maintaining the traditional identity of wisdom by experimenting and developing in terms of appearance, taste, meticulousness, and color of food for three times to get four standard recipes, namely Aep Pla, Kaeng Phak Ho, Kaeng Bon, Nam Prik Pla, and herbal drinks.</p> 2024-04-07T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/267051 The Dynamic of Paka-Kyaw Karen Vernacular Houses: An Architectural Study Using the Visual Anthropology Method 2023-05-15T15:40:57+07:00 Phisutthilaksana Boonto ps.boonto@gmail.com <p>The dynamic of Paka Kyaw Karen vernacular houses from 1957 to 2019 were investigated using the visual anthropology method. The study was conducted in Mae Kha Pu Piang Village, Bo Kaeo Sub-district, Samoeng District, Chiang Mai Province, revealing the different of seven vernacular house styles. Six significant factors were identified as drivers of change: lifestyle and occupation, religion and beliefs, economy, natural resources, climate change, and public health. They are preserved due to two core factors: lifestyle and occupation, and religion and beliefs. It reflects a compromise with beliefs related to ancestors, ways of life and community resource management. Moreover, it is also influenced by the interplay of state governance with the traditional social and cultural structures of ethnic groups.</p> <p>Visual anthropological research can describe the phenomenon of primary changes in vernacular houses from the perspective of ethnic communities. According to the findings of the media assessment, local communities are interested in adding content for educational and cultural management purposes. Experts additionally recommend including geo-social and cultural aspects to increase public engagement and understanding. Future research should include architectural, technology and information media, and historical approaches.</p> 2024-04-07T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/267432 The Study of Using Cultural Heritage as an E-commerce Product to Solve Poverty in Ethnic Areas of China: A Case Study of Gaibao Village, Guizhou Province 2023-07-17T14:39:45+07:00 Ranya Kantakun nutdhavuth.mee@mfu.ac.th Nutdhavuth Meechaiyo nutdhavuth.mee@mfu.ac.th <p>This is qualitative research that aims to study the mechanisms and patterns for using the internet to disseminate cultural heritage through electronic commerce channels. This research also explores the opportunities and obstacles to solving poverty issues through the distribution of cultural products through e-commerce. This research employs documentary research combined with conceptual analysis, theory, and other factors relevant to our research. The authors also analyze the factors that affect the effects of policy implementation. Data collection was done through research articles, newspapers, and periodicals on education in China and overseas. Further data analysis was conducted before implementing descriptive analysis in the research report.</p> <p> The research results reveal that: 1) The use of the Internet to disseminate cultural heritage is made possible through the cooperation of three parties—the government, the private sector, and the community—under the concept of Public-Private-Voluntary-Initiative, or PPVI, which aims to build a database, develop human resources, and integrate culture with the creative economy to address poverty. 2) Obstacles to solving poverty in villages through electronic commerce channels include the lack of personnel with experience with e-commerce channels and underdeveloped infrastructure. A combination of cultural products and technology can help to create product distribution channels in rural areas and help to build a strong foundation for China's economy in order to eradicate poverty while also preserving cultural heritage.</p> 2024-04-08T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/261615 Development of the Blended Learning Management Systems for Bachelor Degree Pre-service Teachers 2022-10-04T11:21:16+07:00 Nanthima Nakaphong Asvaraksha nanthiman@nu.ac.th Chamnan Panawong Nanthiman@nu.ac.th <p>The main objective of this research was to develop a blended learning management system for bachelor degree pre-service teachers. This research was conducted in 4 phases as follows: Phase 1: studying the current conditions and the expected conditions of blended learning management. The sample group was 113 pre-service teachers undertaking a bachelor degree pre-service teachers in the Faculty of Education from five Public Universities in the northern region of Thailand. The research instrument used was a questionnaire. The data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, and priority needs. Phase 2: developing the blended learning management system. The target group was five experts. The research instrument used was the blended learning management system propriety and feasibility assessment form. Mean and standard deviation were used for data analysis. Phase 3: Implementation of the blended learning management system. The sample group was 65 second-year pre-service teachers, majoring in Physical Education and Exercise Science, in the bachelor’s degree program in the Faculty of Education, Naresuan University. The research instruments used were as follows: a knowledge test, a practical skill assessment form, and an attitude test. The data were analyzed by percentage, mean, standard deviation, and t-test. Phase 4: evaluated certification of the blended learning management systems. The target group was five experts. The research instrument used was the certification evaluation form. Mean and standard deviation were used for data analysis.</p> <p> The results revealed that: 1) The current conditions were at a moderate level and the expected conditions were at the highest level. The needs ranking were as follows: learning activities, planning, media and learning resource, measurement and evaluation, respectively. 2) The developed blended learning management system comprised of six components as follows: online driver, live events, online content, collaboration, assessment, and reference materials. The overall mean propriety and mean feasibility were at the highest level. 3) Generally, pre-service teachers had a mean learning outcome post-test of 84.02 (or 84.02%) higher than criteria 80% and higher than post-test of 63.11 with statistically significant at .01 level. 4) Evaluated the certification of the blended learning management system had an overall mean at the highest level and passed the certification.</p> 2024-04-27T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/268954 Antecedents of Stakeholder Relationships for Competitive Advantages and Investor Trust Influencing the Corporate Sustainability of Companies listed on the Stock Exchange of Thailand 2023-10-03T10:55:12+07:00 Naphaphon Oonprechavanich naphaphon.o@psru.ac.th Tummatinna Seesupan naphaphon.o@psru.ac.th Surasit Udomthanavong naphaphon.o@psru.ac.th <p>The purposes of this study were to 1) the causal relationship model of corporate sustainability of companies listed on the Stock Exchange of Thailand consisted of stakeholder relationships, the firm’s competitive advantages, and investor trust was congruent with the empirical data, and 2) stakeholder relationships, firm’s competitive advantages, and investor trust had a significant effect on corporate sustainability of companies listed on the Stock Exchange of Thailand. The information was gathered through 422 sets of questionnaires distributed to companies listed on the Stock Exchange of Thailand. The inferential statistical method was used to test hypotheses using structural equation modeling. The findings revealed as follows: 1) The research model was congruent with the empirical data (Chi-square/df = .851, p-value = .950, RMR = .040, GFI = .914, RMSEA = .000, and CFI = 1.000) and 2) Stakeholder relationships: employee relationships, customer relationships, supplier relationships, and public relationships had a significant direct effect on firm’s competitive advantages were equal to .543, .501, .384 and .283 respectively, Firm’s competitive advantages had a significant direct effect on both corporate sustainability of companies and investor trust were equal to .444 and .441 respectively and Investor trust had a significant direct effect on corporate sustainability of companies was equal to .772.</p> 2024-04-27T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/263111 Strategic Factors Correlated with Success of Small Hotel Entrepreneurs in Lower Northern Thailand 2022-11-11T16:35:24+07:00 Suthasinee Arun suthasinee.a@psru.ac.th <p>The purpose of this research was to study the relationship between strategic factors and the success of small hotel business operators in the lower northern region of Thailand. The sample used in the research was 257 small hotel businesses in the lower northern region, and a questionnaire was used as a data collection tool. Data were analyzed using statistics such as frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and multiple regression analysis. The results of the study showed that entrepreneurs had a high level of opinions towards the strategic factors of the hotel business, promotion Strategy being the most, followed by place strategy, physical evidence and presentation strategy, product strategy, process strategy, people strategy and price strategy respectively, and entrepreneurs had opinions about the success of small hotel business operators in the lower northern region of Thailand. It was found that the internal process factors of the business and the growth factor of the business had a high level of opinions. As for the results of the hypothesis testing of this research, it was found that the product strategy, <br />price strategy, place strategy, promotion strategy, people strategy, process strategy, and physical evidence and presentation strategy had a positive effect on the success of small hotel operators in the lower northern region statistically significant at the 0.05 level.</p> 2024-05-02T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/256726 The Effects of Using Token Economy and Visual Strategies on Hyperactive Behaviors of Preschool Students with Autism 2022-07-24T11:34:40+07:00 Dennatee Kongpol dennatee_kongpol@hotmail.com Suwapatchara Changpinit Dennatee_kongpol@hotmail.com <p>This research was conducted to study and compare the effects of using token economy and visual strategies on hyperactive behaviors of preschool students with autism at the Special Education Center in Phetchabun Province. 3 students with autism who exhibited hyperactive behaviors during classroom activities were purposively selected as the sample of this study. Lesson plans that integrated the use of token economy and visual strategies, token economy and visual strategies were employed as experimental tools whereas a Behavioral Record Form was used to collect the data. Single subject research with ABAB design was employed, dividing the experiment into 4 phases: Phase 1 (A1) Baseline period, the researcher observed and recorded the students’ hyperactive behaviors. Phase 2 Treatment period (B1), the researcher organized activities according to the IIPs. Phase 3 Observation period (A2), the students’ behaviors were observed and recorded without any treatment, and Phase 4 (B2) Repeated treatment period, the researcher organized activities according to the IIPs and the students’ behaviors were observed and recorded. The results indicated that, after being taught with the IIPs, 2 out of 3 students exhibited hyperactive behaviors at a satisfied level while 1 student exhibited the behaviors at a fair level. In addition, when percentage was calculated, it was found that, after being taught with the token economy and visual strategies, the 3 students exhibited lower hyperactive behaviors at 22.69 percent, 15.4 percent and 30 percent, respectively.</p> 2024-05-07T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/268431 The Quality of Working Life, Organizational Commitment and Learning Agility Affecting the Organizational Performance of State University in Phitsanulok Province 2023-07-13T13:29:54+07:00 Juraput Siwnguan juraput.s@psru.ac.th Wichitra Chamlongrath juraput.s@psru.ac.th Jirapa Ngamsuthi juraput.s@psru.ac.th <p>This research investigated the quality of working life, organizational commitment, and learning agility that affected the organizational performance of the state universities in Phitsanulok Province. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of the quality of working life, organizational commitment, and learning agility on the organizational performance of the state universities in Phitsanulok Province. The 376 participants were universities’ academic personnel and academic support staff. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis were employed for data analysis. The results revealed that the quality of working life, organizational commitment, and learning agility influenced the organizational performance of the state universities in Phitsanulok Province at a statistical significant level of 0.05.Additionally, it was found that organizational commitment influenced the organizational performance at a highest level, followed by quality of working life, and learning agility. Also, the forecasting equation was able to predict the organization's performance with an accuracy of 76.70 percent.</p> 2024-05-07T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/262796 The Result Model of Career Promotion Activities in Home Economics for the Elderly in Local Administrative Organization, Phitsanulok Province 2022-10-28T15:38:26+07:00 Jirapha Sukprasert icecdd3037@gmail.com Jiraphat Kaewsritong icecdd3037@gmail.com <p>The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of implementing the model of Home Economics career promotion activities for the elderly in local administrative organizations of Phitsanulok Province. It was an experimental study with a one group pretest-posttest design. The sample group consisted of 80 elders, aged 60 to 79, from the Plai Chumphon Elderly School in the Mueang District of Phitsanulok Province. The sample size was determined by following Craigie and Morgan's table and then simply picked at random using a lotto and according to the established parameters. The tools used include the model of activities for promoting careers in Home Economics for the elderly, a knowledge assessment, an occupational skills assessment and a satisfaction questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The investigation revealed a statistically significant difference between the elderly's knowledge test scores before and after comparison at the 0.05 level. The maximum value of satisfaction was <img title="\bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{X}" /> =4.58, S.D. = 0.23.</p> 2024-05-22T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/259397 The Effect of Organic Vegetables and Fruits’ Attributes On Consumers’ Purchase Intention in Different Generations 2022-09-21T10:45:53+07:00 Nicha Daengphai nicha.da@ku.th Tipparat Laohavichien tiptee@hotmail.com <p>The objectives of this study are to investigate the influence of the attributes of organic vegetables and fruits together with purchase intention as well as consumers’ generation. In this study, the population is consumers, who are experienced in organic vegetables and fruits. The information was gathered utilizing online surveys, with 388 respondents and an 83.44 percent response rate. Multiple regression analysis was used for the statistical analysis. The findings indicate that customers are concerned about all four aspects of organic product, including healthfulness, environmental friendliness, cost, and flavor. These four attributes are positively encouraged consumers for purchasing organics product. In contrast, there is no effect between consumers’ generation to the attributes of organic product and purchase intention. According to this study, while designing a product strategy, organic vegetable and fruit business owners should take into account the four characteristics of these products to magnify purchase intention of all consumers’ generation.</p> 2024-05-22T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/253248 The Effects of Using Context-Based Learning Activities for Developing Proportional Reasoning Ability of Mathayomsuksa 1 Students 2022-02-22T15:54:25+07:00 Nisamani Sriboonruang nisamani.s@ku.th Wandee Kasemsukpipat nisamani.s@ku.th Songchai Ugsornkid nisamani.s@ku.th <p>The objectives of this research were to study proportional reasoning ability during and after using context-based learning activities. The sample consisted of 19 Mathayomsuksa 1 students in academic year 2020 at a school in Bangkok, who were selected using cluster random sampling. The research instruments consisted of lesson plans using context-based learning, a proportional reasoning ability test, and worksheets. The data from a proportional reasoning ability test were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, which are frequency, mean, and percentage, and comparative statistics, one-sample t-test, for testing hypothesis. The data from worksheet were analyzed by using content analysis to summarize the effect of context-based learning activities on proportional reasoning ability during learning through the activities. The results of students’ proportional reasoning ability during the activities showed that students were able to demonstrate strategies for solving a wide range of proportional situations, such as using pictures, tables, rule of three, or using equivalent ratios to find answers. The students expressed understanding the concepts of proportions and proportional situations. The proportional reasoning ability after learning activities showed that the students’ proportional reasoning ability higher than the criteria of 60% at the .05 level of significance the proportional reasoning ability score in aspects of were solving proportion situations of the equivalent ratios with multiplication, comparing ratios, and finding missing value met the criteria of 60%.</p> 2024-05-23T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/258518 A Study of TOD Indicators Affecting the Urban Quality: Case Study of Chiang Mai Light Rail Transit Project 2022-10-31T16:27:49+07:00 Sirakorn Tanburana sirakorn.foon@gmail.com Umpiga Shummadtayar n.umpiga@gmail.com <p>The rapid growth of urban area and economy of Chiang Mai (Urbanization) directly affect the urban quality such as traffic congestion and air pollution. In attempt to fix the above problem. Therefore, the Chiang Mai light rail project was established. Which has adopted the concept of Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) was used to develop projects for Chiang Mai to grow in accordance with the development of the country. This article has two objectives: 1) To study the TOD Indicators under the context of Chiang Mai City; by studying and reviewing the literature and take lessons from successful practices 2) to select TOD indicators of areas surrounding the Chiang Mai. Mass transit station. Through surveying the areas surrounding the light rail stations in 9 areas and synthesizing factors suitable for urban quality development within the context of Chiang Mai. The results of the study obtained 15 indicators from 3 aspects from the concept of urban sustainable development (Urban Sustainable Development) are 1) social and Cultural aspects, 2) physical and Environmental aspects, and 3) economic aspects, which is information for the strategy development and appropriate urban planning.</p> 2024-05-23T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/268542 The Development of Grade 9 Students’ Mental Models of Phenomena in the Solar System through Model-based Learning with Interactive Simulation 2023-07-27T15:46:02+07:00 Warangkana Khobkham warangkana.kho@ku.th Arunee Eambaipreuk arunee.ea@ku.ac.th Jeerawan Ketsing fedujwk@ku.ac.th <p>Preparing students to create and use models is crucial to learning science because scientists use models to test, predict, and explain natural phenomena and scientific knowledge. Therefore, this classroom action research aims to develop mental models for grade 9 students on phenomena caused by the interaction between the sun, the earth, and the moon by using model-based learning in conjunction with interactive simulation. The participants consisted of 36 grade 9 students from a large public all-girls secondary school in Bangkok. Data obtained from an open-ended mental model test. Students’ responses were analyzed via a content analysis method by grouping the responses into five categories. The results of the research indicated that after learning with model-based learning in combination with interactive simulation, most students (37.78%) were in the Partial consistent mental model category. There were 28.89% of children who had a Consistent mental model with scientific model (CM). And the majority of students were in the CM category on the topic of seasons.</p> 2024-05-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/258850 Development of Scientific Mind Scale for Junior High School Students in the Three Southern Border Provinces by Applying Polytomous Item Response Theory 2022-08-25T13:30:38+07:00 Hafis Kasemsah 5920114015@psu.ac.th Mahdee Waedramae mahdee.w@psu.ac.th Jirawat Tansakul jirawat.tu@psu.ac.th Sarinda Puti sarinda.p@psu.ac.th <p>The purposes of this research were 1) to construct of scientific mind scale for junior high school students in the three southern border provinces 2) to verify the quality of scientific mind scale for junior high school students in the three southern border provinces by applying polytomous item response theory. The sample were 675 student selected by three-stage random sampling technique. The students selected were studying in junior high school under the jurisdiction of the Secondary Education Office Service Area and Office of the Private Education in the three southern border provinces. Verify the quality by content validity, discrimination and reliability and the quality of the measurement scale by Polytomous Item Response Theory. Moreover, discriminant and difficulty, and test information was conducted via Grade Response Model (GRM).</p> <p>The findings were; 1. The Measurement Scientific Mind Scale for Lower Secondary School in the Three Southern Border Provinces composed 10 components including 1) curiosity 2) honesty 3) patience, strive and persevere 4) orderliness and prudence 5) responsibility 6) initiative 7) rationality 8) generosity 9) cooperation and 10) good attitude toward science. Each component has 4 indicative behaviors, a total of 40 indicative behaviors. During the construction of the measurement, there were quality checks and improvements until a total of 40 item. The quality measurement scale. Content validity of the scale range from 0.71-1.00, t-test was used to analyze the discrimination. The reliability was 0.893 2. The quality of scientific mind scale for junior high school students in the three southern border provinces by applying polytomous item response theory, Grade Response Model (GRM). The slope parameter(α) is between 0.58-1.45 and the difficulty value The threshold value of each item (β) is the lowest order value, and reliability is 0.9216</p> 2024-05-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/257768 A Study of Becoming a Qualified Chemist and Its Enhancing Factors in the Views of Teachers, Lectures, and Chemist Staff in Thailand 2022-07-18T13:17:31+07:00 Attapon Liwan liwan.att@gmail.com Afifi Lateh afifi.l@psu.ac.th Hamidah Musor hamida.m@psu.ac.th <p>The objectives of this study were to 1) analyze the definition of chemist; 2) analyze the factors that promote to be a chemist according to the point of view of the Chemistry teacher, professor and staff. This study was a qualitative research by interviewing key informants. A semi-structured questionnaire was used as a tool Key informants included 8 chemistry teachers, 8 chemistry professor, 8 chemists or chemical researchers, and 8 chemistry laboratory staff, total 32 people from schools and higher education institutions across the country which made a specific selection based on the selection criteria The study found that Chemistry is the ability of a person to describe natural phenomena, nature and phenomena of matter by using scientific processes/skills to seek knowledge and apply knowledge and express the experimental personality by using systematic thinking. The factors that promote the chemistry of students in chemistry divided into 2 factors: 1) in-person factors, consisting of 2 aspects: (1) good attitude towards chemistry, and (2) scientific experience, and 2) external factors, consisting of 4 aspects: (1) a model of teaching and learning management in chemistry, (2) support of chemistry teachers in secondary school, (3) characteristics of a chemical master person and (4) the role of a chemistry professor at the university level.</p> 2024-05-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/264731 Development of Training Curriculum to Enhance Innovation and Technology Ability in Physical Education Learning Management for Physical Education Students 2023-03-01T15:25:43+07:00 Natthawut Chimma nathawutkk@hotmail.com Pufa Sawagpun pu.fa@hotmail.com Wasana Kuna-apisit nathawutkk@hotmail.com Phong-ek Suksai yaichula15@hotmail.com <p>The objective of this research and development was to develop a training curriculum to enhance innovation and technology ability in physical education learning management for physical education students. The research was divided into 3 phases. Phase 1) studying the needs in enhancing innovation and technology ability in physical education learning management. Data were collected from 432 physical education students in the 1st – 4th year of 13 universities in the northern region by stratified random sampling. Phase 2) Creating and developing a training curriculum to enhance innovation and technology ability in physical education learning management as well as organizing seminars based on 8 experts were used to assess the quality of the curriculum and its supporting documents before applying the course to the actual training. Phase 3) Experimenting and studying the results of using the training course and competency assessment to enhance innovation and technology ability in physical education learning management in terms of knowledge, characteristics, practical skills and assessing satisfaction with the training course. The sample consisted of 30 students from the department of Physical Education, Uttaradit Rajabhat University, acquired by purposive sampling. The results showed that:</p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">1. The enhancing innovation and technology ability in physical education learning management is needed at a high level. (PNI Modified equated to 0.300).</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">2. The result of creation and development of the training curriculum revealed that there were 6 curriculum components including. (1) Principles of the curriculum, (2) Objectives, (3) Content, (4) Training activities and methods, (5) Curriculum materials, and (6) Curriculum evaluation. Additionally, there were two parts of the curriculum documents, namely (1) Manual for using the training curriculum and (2) plan of training activity. The quality assessment by experts, it was found that training curriculum and curriculum documents correctness and appropriateness, and usefulness and possibilities were at the highest level, (<img title="\bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{X}" /> = 4.61, S.D. = 0.42) and (<img title="\bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{X}" /> = 4.55, S.D. = 0.45) respectively.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">3. Physical education students had scores for innovation and technology competency in physical education learning management in each aspect as follows:</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> 3.1 Knowledge after the training was higher than before the training with statistically significant at the .05.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> 3.2 Characteristics was at good level.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> 3.3 Practical skills was at good level.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> 3.4 The physical education students were satisfied with the training curriculum at the highest level.</span></p> 2024-05-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/262885 Causal Influencing Biological Literacy of Students of Princess Chulabhorn Science High Schools in Thailand 2023-01-13T16:42:54+07:00 Nurisah Sueri 5920114008@psu.ac.th Afifi Lateh afifi.l@psu.ac.th Waewruedee Waewthongrak waewruedee.w@psu.ac.th <p>The objective of this research was to observe the causal factor influence the biological literacy of Princess Chulabhorn Science High Schools in Thailand. The population comprised of 1,580 students of Princess Chulabhorn Science High Schools in Mathayom 6 academic year 2564. According to the ratio of parameters, convenience sampling was selected by 275 students. The instruments used 12 questions including knowledge context and attitude. 7 aspects of questionnaire including motivation, curiosity, instructional media, edutainment, biology teacher, academic of biology, and source of learning. The data was statistically analyzed by the description statistics and analyzing the causal factors using Smart PLS program. The hypothesis testing results of the structural equation model from all 14 hypotheses showed that only 4 hypotheses were supported as followed: 1) academic of biology has a positive influence on curiosity, 2) biology teacher has a positive influence on edutainment, 3) instructional media has a positive influence on edutainment and 4) motivation has a positive influence on curiosity. The remaining of 10 hypotheses showed that the influence between the two latent variables is not statistically significant. This means that it cannot support the hypothesis set forth.</p> 2024-05-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/253325 Canonical Correlation Analysis between Characteristics and Entrepreneurship Desires of Undergraduate Students of Prince of Songkla University 2022-04-04T13:32:03+07:00 Sirima Himasen pupay220740@gmail.com Narongsak Rorbkorb narongsak.r@psu.ac.th Jirawat Tansakul jirawat.tu@psu.ac.th Teerayout Rascha teerayout.r@psu.ac.th <p>This research aims to 1) study the level of entrepreneurial attributes and entrepreneurial needs of Prince of Songkla University undergraduate students 2) study the canonical correlation between entrepreneurial attributes. and entrepreneurial needs of students Bachelor's degree, Prince of Songkla University Examples used in research Undergraduate student, Prince of Songkla University Pattani Campus, 121 people. The tools used for data collection were questionnaires. The results of the research were as follows: 1) The level of entrepreneurial attributes and entrepreneurial needs of the Prince of Songkla University's undergraduate students. Overall, it is at a high level. When considering each aspect, it was found that the aspect with the highest average was the aspect of autonomy in administration and 2) Canonical correlation analysis found that entrepreneurial attributes were associated with entrepreneurial desires of .717 with statistical significance at .01 level. The relationship between the two sets of variables could be explained in a hundred ways. 51.40 each (R2 = .514) by operator attribute variable set. with a canonical weight between .833 - .917, consisting of proactive risk-taking In terms of having independence in administration innovation and the courage to compete respectively; The canonical weight value is between .858 - .933, consisting of the need for success. need for commitment and power requirements, respectively.</p> 2024-05-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GraduatePSRU/article/view/273063 Download 2024-03-23T14:06:20+07:00 Panadda Kulnathon panadda.ko@psru.ac.th 2024-03-19T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024