International mechanisms towards the Rohingya crisis
Keywords:Rohingya, Myanmar, international mechanism
The Rohingya crisis is extremely complex and will be very difficult to resolve if the only solution to the problem is up to the Myanmar Government alone and the Rohingya people. This is because the crisis involves gross violations of humanitarian principles. Resolving this conflict demands the participation of members of the international community as the violations fall within the realm of International Humanitarian Law (IHL), the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). International mediation may also be required to resolve the conflict. The R2P seems to be an effective mechanism to solve this phenomenon. Unfortunately, there are some limitations so the R2P has not been applied yet. Not only all the mechanisms mentioned earlier share some components in different dimensions but they can be all together applied and be of support in solving this crisis more effectively. However, the Myanmar government and the Rohingya people are the key factors needed to accept these mechanisms in order to prevent further violence and bloodshed and to bring sustainable peace to Arakan or the Rakhine state of Myanmar.
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