ASIAN REVIEW 2021-05-12T19:03:55+07:00 Jirayudh Sinthuphan Open Journal Systems <p>All research articles have undergone double-peereview, based on initial editor screening before refereeing by two anonymous rdferees. Articles and reviews in Asian Review reflect the opintons of the contributor. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission from the publish</p> Introduction 2021-05-12T14:58:00+07:00 Jirayudh Sinthuphan 2021-05-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Institute of Asian Studies Chulalongkorn University A Study of Disaster Management Competency and Indicators in Thailand’s Local Admanistration 2021-05-12T15:22:51+07:00 Kanrawee Wichaipa <p>This qualitative research study aims to investigate functional and hazard specific competencies of Thai local administrative officers in disaster prevention and mitigation.&nbsp; The data was collected through document research, in-depth interviews and group discussions from representatives from a central policy making agency and with staff from disaster prevention and mitigation agencies in six local administrative organizations around Thailand. The data was collected in<br>six localities and analyzed by means of content analysis. The results showed that there are three functional competencies, namely 1) understanding of laws, regulations and authority;&nbsp; 2) proactive analysis and evaluation of the situation; and 3) networking in operations and public and community relations.&nbsp; Hazard specific competency in floods and mudslides includes the movement and evacuation of flood victims and persuasion of the management in the area, while hazard specific competency in storms includes specialization in the demolition of buildings and obstructions. The study found that human resource development in the local government should be developed through the concept of competency as a framework for development and performance appraisal.<br>Keywords: Competency, Functional Competency, Hazard specific competency, Human Resource Development</p> 2021-05-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Institute of Asian Studies Chulalongkorn University Bureaucratic Reform in Indonesia: Best and Bad Practice Perspective 2021-05-12T18:08:44+07:00 Muhammad Iqbal <p>This study is an overview of the process of bureaucratic reform in Indonesia along with examples of best and bad practices in policy implementation. The implementation of policy is essential to the future of Indonesian bureaucracy and governance. The success of bureaucratic reform depends very much on commitment and leadership at both the national and regional levels of government. Without dedication and civic leadership, any implementation of bureaucratic reform is likely to fail as has happened in Indonesia. This research is a descriptive qualitative research. The type of data used in this study is<br>secondary data obtained from existing literature, resources from various governmental websites, social media, as well as news and documentation.<br>Towards the end of the second period of bureaucratic reform in Indonesia, it appears that not a single local government had succeeded in applying all the principles of bureaucratic reform. This failure is due to the weakness of Indonesian policymakers in providing support for local government and because of local governments themselves failing to followed the principles of bureaucratic reform.<br><br></p> 2021-05-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Institute of Asian Studies Chulalongkorn University Conflict Management in China: The Case of Muslim Uyghurs in Xinjiang Province 2021-05-12T18:43:28+07:00 Siriporn Dabphet <p>This research aims to examine the role of the Chinese government in managing conflicts in the case of Muslim Uyghurs in Xinjiang since 1949. A qualitative method has been used to reveal the causes of conflicts, China’s ethnic policies and conflict resolutions in the view of the Chinese government, ethnic people and the West.&nbsp; The findings indicate that ethnic minority policy is the main factor that has intensified conflict. China’s conflict management methods are forcing or competing to win over minorities, compromising in order to lessen conflict and collaborating to find a solution. China’s ethnic policies depend on the internal and external situation and leaders.&nbsp; In the early years of the PRC, Mao Zedong’s policy was cultural assimilation and Sinicization by eradicating religion and the Muslim Uyghur identity. During the reform period in the 1980s-1990s, cultural reconciliation and economic development were conducted to establish harmony between the ethnic minorities in China. In the 2000s -2010s, anti-government groups in Xinjiang were supported by radical and external Islamic groups and the government’s ethnic minority policy was to balance between the forces and collaboration through economic development and cultural support.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-05-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Institute of Asian Studies Chulalongkorn University China's Governance Model: Flexibility and Durability of Pragmatic Authoritarianism 2021-05-12T19:02:32+07:00 Attawat Assavanadda 2021-05-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Institute of Asian Studies Chulalongkorn University