ASIAN REVIEW <p>All research articles have undergone double-peereview, based on initial editor screening before refereeing by two anonymous rdferees. Articles and reviews in Asian Review reflect the opintons of the contributor. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission from the publish</p> Institute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University en-US ASIAN REVIEW 0857-3662 <p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">Published articles are under the copyright of the Instiute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University. Partially or totally publication of an article elsewhere is possible only after the consent from the editors.</span></p> Introduction Jirayudh Sinthuphan Copyright (c) 2022 Institute of Asian Studies Chulalongkorn University. 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 35 1 1 2 China’s role in the Arctic: observing and being observedISBN 9780367278694. Published May 12, 2020 by Routledge. Author: Nong Hong. 232 pages. <p>As indicated by its title, the author of the book – Dr. Nong Hong – focuses her efforts on understanding the current ways in which China sees and operates the Arctic, hence reflecting on how it seeks to develop its policies for the region and how its actions are seen by other actors. In summary, the book’s eight chapters could be grouped into three main points: China’s involvement in international organizations, its relations with Arctic stakeholders, and more specifically its actions across the Arctic territory, signifying the extent of its engagement with shipping activities and scientific development. Arguably, the main idea is to show readers how the world’s most populous nation is expanding its influence and increasing political power well beyond its surroundings, and how Arctic geopolitics will likely be altered by the actions proposed, taken and/ or implemented by it and other non-Arctic states in the near future.</p> Magayo Alves Copyright (c) 2022 Institute of Asian Studies Chulalongkorn University. 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 35 1 59 61 Reinventing Public Healthcare in India <p>The outbreak of COVID-19 exposed the gaps and shortcomings in the Indian public healthcare System. The Indian healthcare system is a glaring example of two extremes of positive and negative. The Constitution of India does not guarantee health as a fundamental right, though the Indian judiciary, through its several judgements, has interpreted the concerned articles to expand their scope to include the right to health. India’s achievements in developing healthcare infrastructure, having more health personnel in service etc. are still much less than the requirement and below global benchmarks. It has launched the world’s largest health insurance scheme. Still, the country lags behind on several factors in healthcare and will have to move with real pace to improve the overall system. The COVID-19 outbreak has stressed that need with urgency. It will be worth knowing if the same pandemic can now become a cause for overall improvement of the healthcare system with speed. </p> Milind Kokje Copyright (c) 2022 Instiute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 35 1 3 18 Reconsidering Social Protection for Motorcycle Taxi Drivers: Understanding Precarity in Formalized Informality <p>This article's central argument is that as a consequence of ride-hailing applications (apps), formalized informality has emerged among motorcycle taxi drivers (MTDs). The aim is to provide preliminary recommendations for reconsidering social protection (SP) for MTDs. Platformization and practices of precarising formality through formal-informal interaction are reviewed, as well as employment status and other different forms of employment. MTDs are unevenly matched in power relations dominated by the government and non-government officials, insecurity and uncertainty related to job precarity results. Several critical SP issues are discussed including: the distinction between formality and informality and the related inability to divide the two economies, insofar as formality merges with informality through what may be termed formalized informality; in addition, the nature of society dependent on precariousness, through new groups of structural vulnerability in the informal economy due to novel digital platform production; and finally, employment forms; including standard and non-standard work. These pose barriers to formalization approaches, leading to the impossibility of designing a single standard SP system for the future of such work.</p> Kritsada Theerakosonphong Copyright (c) 2022 Instiute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 35 1 19 43 Discussion on the Application of Dispute Settlement Mechanism of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to the Thai - Myanmar Maritime Dispute <p>This qualitative research study aims to examine theThai-Myanmar maritimedispute,applying the dispute settlement mechanism of the 1982 United Nations Convention on theLaw of the Sea (UNCLOS). The research methodology includes documentary research and in-depth interview. After analyzing data collected,itis found that the dispute settlement mechanismof the UNCLOS comprises voluntary and compulsory procedures. As both Thailand and Myanmarare parties to the UNCLOS and their dispute involves an area in the Andaman Sea, thoseprocedures may be applied. Thecompulsory procedure may be applied with some issues, but notthe territorial dispute and the boundary delimitation dispute. Therefore, there are few benefits togain from the procedure. The voluntary procedure especially negotiation, on the other hand, shouldbe the most appropriate method considering history of both parties</p> Yodsapon Nitiruchirot Copyright (c) 2022 Instiute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 35 1 44 58