Restrictions on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly in Thailand

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Pat Niyomsilp


The boundary of freedom of assembly in Thailand is blurred because its domestic legal mechanism governing the enjoyment of the freedom does not conform to international standards. As a result, law enforcement officials and the court do not consistently make their decisions to restrict freedom of assembly in the same direction. This article argues that this problem does not only depend on the absence of a specific piece of legislation governing freedom of assembly but also the lack of guiding principles for testing restrictions on freedom of assembly. These principles are available in international human rights instruments that Thailand is already a party. The aims of this article are to illustrate the basic concept in restricting freedom of assembly and scrutinizing such restrictions under international standards. Also, it aims to identify legal issues in restricting freedom of assembly under the Thai legal framework.

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