Constitutional Review by Supreme Court in Japan

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Wasin Yimyam
Noppadon Nimnoo


The Constitution of Japan established a political organization structure based on the
principle of Separation of Powers by requiring the parliament to exercise its legislative
power, cabinet to do so on executive power and the courts for judicial power. The constitution
admits the concept of the Supremacy of the Constitution and the power of the Supreme
Court to protect the Supremacy of the Constitution to protect the constitutionality of any
law, order, regulation or official act. However, in practice, it appears that filing a petition
to the Supreme Court to determine whether the provisions of the law are inconsistent
with the constitution, is often done for political rather than legal consequence.
Therefore, The Supreme Court likely avoids ruling in the way that the law was inconsistent
with the constitution.

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