• Pornphet Cholsaktrakul 0815452451


Sexual wrongdoing, Recidivism, United States of America


This article has an objective to study the legal measures on the reduction of sexual recidivism in the United States of America. It was found that, in the United States of America, there are many fascinating measures including injection to reduce sex hormones, castration, rehabilitative programmed for sex offenders, sex offenders’ registration, and the designation of children’s safe zone. It should be noted that even though these legal measures adversely affect human rights and human dignity, they are still in force in the United States of America. This is probably because the United States of America prioritizes the protection of the interest of the people in the society over the rights of offenders who have come out of the prison.



Batchoo, L. (2007). Voluntary Surgical Castration of Sex Offenders: Waiving the Eighth Amendment Protection from Cruel and Unusual Punishment. Brooklyn Law Review. 72(2), 687-720.
Kamolwarin, W. (2015). Rehabilitative Measures for Sex Offenders by Using Medication to Control Sex Hormones. LL.M. Program in Laws. Faculty of Laws, Dhurakij Pundit University (In Thai)
KlaasKids. (2018). Megan’s Law by State. Retrieved May 5, 2018 from://
Mental Health America. (2018). Position Statement 55: Confining Sexual Predators in the Mental Health System. [Online]. Available: http://www.mentalhealtha
Norman-Eady, S. (2006). Castration Of Sex Offenders. Retrieved August 22, 2018 from
Prague Daily Monitor. (2016). Government lowers age of castration for sexual offenders. Retrieved August 6, 2018 from Available: government-lowers-age-castration-sexual-offenders
Scott, C. L. and Holmberg, T. (2003). Castration of Sex Offenders: Prisoners’ Rights Versus Public Safety. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. 31(4), 502-509.
Stinneford, F. J. (2006). Incapacitation Through Maiming: Chemical Castration, the Eighth Amendment, and the Denial of Human Dignity. Retrieved August 26, 2019 from
Stojanovski, V. (2011). Surgical Castration of Sex Offenders and its Legality: The Case of the Czech Republic. LL.M. Thesis, Masaryk University, Czech Republic.
Texas Department of Criminal Justice. (2018). Sex offender Rehabilitation Programs. Retrieved October 7, 2019 from
Thanapaisarn, C. (2002). History of Castration. Srinakarin Medical Journal, 17(2), 149-150. (In Thai)
Vaillancourt, S. (2012). Chemical Castration: How A Medical Therapy Became Punishment And The Bioethical Imperative To Return To A Rehabilitative Model For Sex offenders. M.A. Program in Bioethics, North Carolina University, United States.
Wiriyakuekul, S. (2018). Legal Measures on the Designation of Safe Zone for Children to Reduce the Risk of Sexual Harassment against Children. Retrieved March 5, 2019 from:// (In Thai)
Wright, R.G. (2015). Sex Offender Laws: Failed Policies, New Directions (2nd ed.). New York: Springer Publishing Company.




How to Cite

Cholsaktrakul, P. (2020). LEGAL MEASURES ON THE REDUCTION OF SEXUAL RECIDIVISM IN THE UNITED STATES. Academic Journal Phranakhon Rajabhat University, 11(2). Retrieved from



บทความวิชาการ (Article)