Business Cycles in Some Selected Oil Producing Countries: Iran versus Three OECD Members

  • Abouzar Taheri Department of Economics, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
  • Shahriyar Nessabian Department of Economics, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
  • Reza Moghaddasi Department of Agricultural Economics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
  • Farzin Arbabi Department of Economics, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
  • Marjan Damankeshideh Department of Economics, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
Keywords: growth cycle, OECD and Iran, Hodrick–Prescott filter, turning point analysis


This paper analyses the fluctuations of the business cycle in selected oil-producing countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Iran during the period 1970:Q1–2015:Q4. We start by using a two-stage Hodrick–Prescott filtering process to extract a cyclical component of GDP, then the modified BBQ algorithm is used to identify the chronologies and some measures of business cycle characteristics, and finally the main features of business cycle fluctuations (persistence, volatility, asymmetry, and synchronization) are estimated. The results indicate the difference in the characteristics of business cycle fluctuations in countries with different levels of economic development. Both amplitude and severity of Iran as a developing country were high, and average duration of contraction was longer than expansion. As a result, asymmetries in both steepness and deepness are observed in Iran. Meanwhile, output persistence and volatility in Iran were above and below that of three OECD members’ average, respectively. The last part is based on the three indices for evaluating synchronization. Other findings reveal a high degree of synchronization between countries except Iran.


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How to Cite
Taheri, A., Nessabian, S., Moghaddasi, R., Arbabi, F., & Damankeshideh, M. (2020). Business Cycles in Some Selected Oil Producing Countries: Iran versus Three OECD Members. pplied conomics ournal, 27(1), 52-74. etrieved from
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