Nominal Exchange Rate Variation and World Commodity Price Variation: The Cases of Australia, Canada, and New Zealand
Keywords:Exchange rate volatility, Commodity price variation
World commodity prices have moved and fluctuated over time especially, the period 2000-2009. This paper examines the impact of Australia’s, Canada’s, and New Zealand’s nominal exchange rate variation on world commodity price variations in 1980-2012 and compare the impact between 1990-1999 and 2000-2009. This study employs a dynamic ordinary least square regression (DOLS) to estimate correlation coefficients that measure the volatility effects. The results show that in long-run (1980-2012), the Australian dollar, Canadian dollar, and New Zealand dollar variation raise the world commodity price variations for hard commodity which are fuel products and metal products while nominal exchange rate variation has various effects on the world commodity price variations for soft commodity which are grain products, forestry products, and livestock products. Moreover, comparison of the period 1990-1999 and the period 2000-2009 implies that exchange rate variation raises the world commodity price variations which almost price is hard commodity. Hence, the government of these hard commodities exporting countries should become aware of exchange rate variation and look after the variation because the variation causes income of export sector. In the case of developing countries, should consider exchange rate policy that impacts export sector and the economy along with give priority to future market development to be tools for absorb exchange rate variation risks.
How to Cite
Submission of a manuscript to Applied Economics Journal will be taken to imply that the author(s) guarantee that the paper is an original work, has not been published, and is not being considered for publication elsewhere either in printed or electronic form. The author(s) have obtained permission from the copyright holder to reproduce in the article material not owned by them, that author(s) have acknowledged the source, and that this article contains no violation of any existing copyright or other third party right or any material of an obscene, indecent, libelous or otherwise unlawful nature and that the article does not infringe the rights of others. The author(s) will indemnify and keep indemnified the editors and Applied Economics Journal, Center for Applied Economics Research (CAER), Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University against all claims and expenses. The author(s) agree that the publisher may arrange for the article to be published and sold or distributed on its own, or with other related materials, and could reproduce and/or distribute in printed, electronic or any other medium whether now known or hereafter devised, in all languages, and to authorize third parties to do the same.