The Perspectives of Islamic Scholars on Ascertaining Pregnancy Age Affecting the Certification of an Islamic Lawful Child

Main Article Content

อับดุลรอยะ บินเซ็ง, 6852279
อิบรอฮีม ณรงค์รักษาเขต, 6852279
มะรอนิง สาแลมิง, 6852279

Abstract

This research article aimed to explore the perspectives of Islamic scholars on ascertaining pregnancy age affecting the certification of an Islamic lawful child. The data collection was conducted by means of the perspectives of the Islamic scholars from the four schools of thought, available in Fiqh (the theory or philosophy of Islamic law, based on the teachings of the Quran and the traditions of the Prophet) books. The data of this study were analyzed qualitatively in order to lead to conclusions. The results of this study revealed that the Islamic scholars agreed on the fact that the pregnancy age should be no less than six-month old in order to belong to his or her father. In contrast to this, if the pregnancy was found less than six-month old, it can be hypothesized that the conception took place before Islamic lawful marriage. As far as the calculation of the pregnancy is concerned, it is divided into two perspectives. First, it is calculated the time when a couple has sexual intercourse, while the other one is calculated when the marriage started. Regarding the time of having sexual intercourse, there are three perspectives of Islamic scholars on it. First, the Islamic scholars of Hanafi school of thought indicated that there is no fixed time of having sexual intercourse. Second, the Islamic scholars of Maliki, Shafii, and Hambali schools of thought maintained that there should be fixed time of having sexual intercourse. The last one, Ibn Taimiyah, however, stated that the couple should really commit adultery.


In conclusion, a baby would belong to a father if the pregnancy age should be no less than six-month old. This was calculated since a couple has had sexual intercourse for the first time. In support of this issue, there is a fixed time for the couple to have sexual intercourse. However, Ibn Taimiyah stated that the couple should really have sexual intercourse. These are to prevent the baby and his or her mother from being dishonoured and being accused of committing adultery.


 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Research

References

Ahmad Abdul Rahman Bik ,2003.Turuq al-Isbath al- Shariyah. Al- Maktabah al- Azhariyah lil Turath,t4.
Al – Bahooti Mansoor bin Unus al – Bahooti, Rawdhah al – Murbia’ bi Sharhi Zad al – Mustaknia’ Mukhtasar al – Muknia’. 2002. Bairut : Dar al- Kutub al - Ilmiah.
Al – Hattãb, Abi Abd Lah Muhammad bin Muhammad Abd Rahman al- Hattab, 2003. Mawahib al- Jalil li Sharhi Mukhtasar Khalil, Dar ãlimun al- Kutub, Bairut.
Al – Hijawi, Sharfuddin Musa bin Ahmad Abu Naja al – Hijawi, al – Iqnãa’ fiqh al – Imam Ahmad, n.d. Dar al – Ma’rifah, Bairut.
Al –Haitami, Shihabuddin bin Hajar al –Haitami, al – Fatawa al – Fiqhiyah al – Kubra ,n.d. Dar al – Fikr.
Al - Khateeb Al - Sharbini. 1958. Mugni al - Muhtaj. Dar ihya’ al - Turath al - Arabi : Bairut.
Al- Marghinani, Burhanuddin Abi al – Hassan Ali bin Abi Bakr Al- Marghinani, 1990.
Al – Nawawiy,n.d. Abi Zakarya Yahya bin Sharaf al- Nawawi al- Dimasqi,al Majmu’ Sharh al – Muhazzab, Ihyã’al- Turath al- Arabiy,Bairut.
Al- Qurtubi, Abi Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Ahmad al- Andhari, 2000.Tafsir al- Qurtubi , Darul al- Kutub al- Ilmiyah Bairut,
Al- Nasafi, abi Barakat abd Lah bin Ahmad bin Mahmood al- Ma’roof bi Hafisuddin al- Nasafi,1997. Al-Bahrura-iq Sharh Kansu al- Daqa-iq. Dar al – Kutub al Ilmiah, Bairut .
Al- Nawawi, Abi Zakarya Yahya bin Sharaf al- Nawawi al- Dimasqi,2003.Rawdhah al- Talibeen, Dar al- Kutub al-Ilmiah , Bairut.
Al- Shairazi, Abi Ishaq Ibraheem bin Ali bin Yosof al- Fairuz Abadi al- Shairazi,1995. Al- Muhazzab fi F iqh Imam al- Shafi-ie. Dar al – Kutub al Ilmiah, Bairut.
Al – Zaila – ie, Fakhruddeen al –Zaila –ie1313.Tabyeen al –Haqa iq sharh Kanzu AL – Daqa iq. Matbah al –Kubra al – Amiriah. Misr.
Al - zuhaili Wahbah al- Zuhaili.(2003). Qadhaya al-Fiqhi wa al-Fikri al- Mu – aasarah,3. Dar al - Fikr : Damascas.
Ibn Kathir , 2004.Tafsir al –Quran al – Adhim , al - Makabah al- Asriyah , Bairut
Ibn Rushd, Muhammad bin Ahmad Muhammad bin Ahmad Ibn al- Rushd al - Qurtubiy, 1999.Bidayah al- Mujtahid wa Nihayah al - Muktasid,Dar ibn Hazmi,Bairut.
Ibn Najm,al- Allamah Zainuddin Ibn Najm al- Hanafi, n.d.al-Bahr al- Ra-iq Sharh Kanzu al- Daqa-iq , Dar al- Kutub al- Ilamiah, bairut – Lubnan.
Ibn Qaiyim, Shamsuddin abi abd Lah Muhammad bin abi Bakar al- Zar-ie al- Dimashqi,1998.Zad al- Maad.Muassah al- Risalah, Bairut 3.
Ibn Qudamah, abi Muhammad abd Lah bin Ahmad bin Mahmood bin Qudamah, n.d. al –Mughni Sharh al- Kabir. Dar al – Fikr, Bairut.
Mohammad Ahmad Siraj & Ali Juma - ah Mohammad. 2009. Al - Ahkam al - Shariah fi al – Ahwal al - Shakhsiah. T2, Dar al- Assalam, al- Qahirah.
Wizarah al- Adli, 2011.Qanoo al-Ahwa al- Shaksiah,Majmuah al- Tashri-aat al- Kuwaitiah, Wizarah al- Adli.