Effects of a High-Intensity Interval Exercise Programme Using Rope Skipping on Muscular Strength of Undergraduate Students


  • Wachirawit Phongchin Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University
  • Suthana Tingsabhat Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University
  • Waris Wongpipit Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University


rope skipping, high-intensity interval exercise, muscular strength


The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of a high-intensity interval exercise programme using rope skipping on the muscular strength in undergraduate female students. Twenty-nine undergraduate students participating in the study were divided into three groups: 1) students in a high-intensity interval exercise programme using rope skipping (HIIE) (n=9), 2) students in a moderate-intensity continuous exercise programme using rope skipping (MICE) (n=10), and 3) a control group (no intervention; CONT) (n=10). The experimental groups were asked to perform an exercise for three and five sessions per week, respectively, for 8 weeks. The data were then analysed by comparing the difference of scores by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and t-test. The research findings were as follows: 1) the upper-muscular strength in both experimental groups was lower than the baseline (P<.05), 2) the knowledge in both experimental groups was higher than the baseline (P<.05), and 3) the self-efficacy scores between experimental groups were not different. In conclusion, neither the HIIE nor MICE programme using rope skipping improved upper-muscular strength, but they improved the participants’ knowledge of exercise.


Download data is not yet available.


American College of Sports Medicine. (2020). Staying Active During the Coronavirus Pandemic. Exercise is Medicine. https://www.exerciseismedicine.org/assets/page_documents/EIM_Rx%20for%20Health_%20Staying%20Active%20During%20Coronavirus%20Pandemic.pdf

Amini, H., Habibi, S., Islamoglu, A. H., Isanejad, E., Uz, C., & Daniyari, H. (2021). COVID-19 pandemic-induced physical inactivity: The necessity of updating the global action plan on physical activity 2018-2030. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 26(1), 32. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-021-00955-z

Azuma, A. (2016). Effects of different types of ropes on jump cycle while skipping. Research reports of National Institute of Technology, Fukui College. Natural Science and Engineering, 49, 187-194.

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84(2), 191.

Birdwood, G. F. B. (1996). Understanding osteoporosis and its treatment: A guide for physicians and their patients. Parthenon Publishing.

Cohen, J. (1992). Statistical power analysis. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 1(3), 98-101.

Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2014). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences. Psychology press.

Fletcher, J. S., & Banasik, J. L. (2001). Exercise self-efficacy. Clinical Excellence for Nurse Practitioners: The International Journal of NPACE, 5(3), 134-143.

Ha, A. S., & Ng, J. Y. Y. (2017). Rope skipping increases bone mineral density at calcanei of pubertal girls in Hong Kong: A quasi-experimental investigation. PLoS One, 12(12), e0189085. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189085

Ha, A. S., Lonsdale, C., Ng, J. Y., & Lubans, D. R. (2014). A school-based rope skipping intervention for adolescents in Hong Kong: Protocol of a matched-pair cluster randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 14, 535. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-535

Kilpatrick, M. W., Jung, M. E., & Little, J. P. (2014). High-intensity interval training: A review of physiological and psychological responses. ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal, 18(5), 11-16.

Martin, M. R., & Sharpe, T. L. (2011). Analysis of three exercise adherence interventions on self-efficacy and goal orientation.

Poon, E. T., Sheridan, S., Chung, A. P., & Wong, S. H. (2018). Age-specific affective responses and self-efficacy to acute high-intensity interval training and continuous exercise in insufficiently active young and middle-aged men. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness, 16(3), 106-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesf.2018.09.002

Stockwell, S., Trott, M., Tully, M., Shin, J., Barnett, Y., Butler, L., McDermott, D., Schuch, F., & Smith, L. (2021). Changes in physical activity and sedentary behaviours from before to during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown: A systematic review. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 7(1), e000960. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2020-000960

Tritter, A., Fitzgeorge, L., Cramp, A., Valiulis, P., & Prapavessis, H. (2013). Self-efficacy and affect responses to sprint interval training. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14(6), 886-890.



How to Cite

Phongchin, W., Tingsabhat, S., & Wongpipit, W. (2022). Effects of a High-Intensity Interval Exercise Programme Using Rope Skipping on Muscular Strength of Undergraduate Students. An Online Journal of Education, 17(2), OJED1702013 (14 pages). Retrieved from https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/OJED/article/view/259474