Main Article Content
The success of dental implant depends on the quantity and quality of the alveolar bone support. Autogenous bone is still the gold standard for using as a bone graft to reconstruct or augment the alveolar ridge to properly support the dental implant placement. However, it has been associated with the increase in operation time, cost and donor site morbidity. Various allografts, xenografts and synthetic materials have been used as substitutes for autogenous bone, but they have been reported to not heal as predictably as autogenous bone and new type of bone grafts are still needed to be sought. Porous polyethylene has been successfully used in several applications such as cranial reconstruction, nasal reconstruction, ear reconstruction, orbital reconstruction and correction of maxillofacial contour deformities due to its highly stable, adaptable and has been shown to stimulate tissue regeneration by acting as a scaffold for rapid hard and soft tissue ingrowth. In this paper, the properties and current applications of porous polyethylene in tissue regeneration are reviewed and the outlook for its use in alveolar bone defect is discussed.
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