Blind 2D signal direction for limited-sensor space using maximum likelihood estimation

Main Article Content

Naruephorn Tengtrairat
Phetcharat Parathai
Wai Lok Woo


Humans can automatically turn toward the origin of the sound that they hear through their both ears. This capability is crucial in daily life. A computer that can recognize the direction of the sound source is also useful for many types of applications. A proposed blind 2-dimensional (2D) signal direction using two recording sensors is developed under a limited space between the sensors in noise free environment. The proposed 2D source direction method is based on the time – delay estimation using maximum likelihood estimation by forming a histogram of power weighted spectrum corresponding to attenuation and time-delay index. The histogram - boundary method is also proposed which relates to a distance of the two microphones. In addition, the fine-tuned number of time-index bins were investigated to figure out the proper number of bins for the histogram. Given by a narrow space i.e. 3.2 centimeters, the proposed method can acceptably direct the sound-source position. In experimental testing on real-audio sources, the proposed method has demonstrated a higher level of directional performance compared with an existing method.

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How to Cite
Tengtrairat, N., Parathai, P., & Woo, W. L. (2017). Blind 2D signal direction for limited-sensor space using maximum likelihood estimation. Asia-Pacific Journal of Science and Technology, 22(2), APST–22.
Research Articles


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