SIYĀSAH AL-QĀḌĪ DALAM PENTADBIRAN KEHAKIMAN: PERBANDINGAN ANTARA PERBAHASAN FIQH DAN AMALAN SEMASA DI MAHKAMAH SYARIAH DI MALAYSIA

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zubaidi sulaiman
Ahmad Hidayat Buang

Abstract

Siyāsah al-qāḍī in the genre of classical fiqh is discussed under the adāb al-qāḍī debate. In carrying out the administration of the court, the judge or judicial institution has a role to take any action in the form of maṣlaḥah based on siyāsah shar’iyyah to ensure that justice can be truly upheld. Prior to the Syariah Court Practice Directions, judges in conducting judicial proceedings only referred to the adāb al-qāḍī outlined in the books of fiqh to create non-uniform policies and practices. This article aims to discuss selected aspects of siyāsah al-qāḍī in the debate of fiqh shcolars such as the ethics of judges, court infrastructure, welfare of judges and trial proceedings as well as to compare it with the current practice in judicial proceedings of the Syariah Court nowadays. The methodology used is in the form of a library research which sourced from shcolarly books, facts and authoritative documents such as the Syariah Court Practice Directions. It is found that most of the siyāsah al-qāḍī principles discussed in the books of fiqh have been practised in the Syariah Court, however there are few things that are not being executed as it is no longer practical to be practised in realities and current needs. This study may serve as a guideline for judges and court highest management for enhancement of policy and administrative practices, and judicial proceedings of the Syariah Courts in Malaysia.


Keywords: Siyāsah al-qāḍī, Syariah Court, Practice Directions

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