National Memory and Cultural Identity: The Costume Huifu Niaozhang Decoration of Guizhou Province


  • Tao Gao Faculty of Decorative Arts, Silpakorn University
  • Pensiri Chartniyom Faculty of Decorative Arts, Silpakorn University


Cultural identity, Hmong Huifu Niaozhang, Symbolic of Miao costume, Folk beliefs


The costumes of various ethnic groups in China are not only used as a tool to keep out the cold and skin care, but also a body decoration symbolizing the culture of different ethnic groups, known as the "second skin". The ethnic costumes of each region have distinct characteristics, reflecting the cultural beliefs and ethnic characteristics of their own nation. The costumes of different ethnic groups reflect the cultural characteristics and aesthetic values of different ethnic groups in different regions. They are the embodiment of an important symbol and are recognized. The purpose of this paper is to answer the academic interest in national historical memory and human cultural identity. The researcher attempts to study the artistic symbols, folk symbols, and the relationship between them through in-depth field research on the traditional costumes of the Ganao branch of the Miao ethnic group in southeastern Guizhou Province, China, this study determined the artistic symbols and meanings of the costumes which the Miao people's living environment, social activities, folk beliefs, and regional culture. are inseparable and influence each other. The results show that: (1) The traditional Miao costume with Huifu Niaozhang is a practical art under the accumulation of wisdom, hard work and systematic civilization of the Miao people provide the exquisite and unique graphic symbols. (2) The traditional Miao nationality's Huifu Niaozhang symbol expresses the strong aesthetic value, spiritual value and folk customs value of the Miao people. (3) Influenced by folk costumes and social activities, as a unique symbol of the Miao nationality, Huifu Niaozhang clothing has formed its own unique cultural and artistic style. Therefore, Bainiaoyi costumes have extremely high artistic and cultural value.


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