Cardiovascular risk factors and 10-year CV risk scores in adults aged 30-70 years old in Amnat Charoen Province, Thailand

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Naruemol Kingkaew
Tidarat Antadech

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one cause of death globally. Over three quarters of CVD events take place in low-and middle-income countries, and the CVD rate in Thailand is higher relative to other Asian countries at 32.3 percent. This research aimed to examine Thai Cardiovascular (CV) risk scores in a population aged 30-70 years old residing in Amnat Charoen Province, a northeastern province of Thailand. This cross-sectional study used sampling conducted by probability proportional to size, with 382 participants from 2 of Amnat Charoen’s 7 districts. Data were collected using anthropometric measurement, blood tests, and face-to-face interviews. At baseline, the mean Thai CV risk scores were at a low level (6.1 ± SD 5.5%). The research illustrated that 83.0 percent of the participants had low CV risk scores, while 17.0 percent had high CV risk scores. Logistic regression analysis illustrated that the significant predictors of CV risk scores were age (Odds Ratio (OR) 81.74; 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 28.65-233.18), systolic blood pressure (SBP) (OR, 5.90; 95% CI 2.28-15.29), smoking status (OR, 4.12; 95% CI 1.15-14.69), average time to fall sleep at night (OR, 2.81; 95% CI 1.17-7.09), and participation in health activities (OR, 3.89; 95% CI 1.62-9.36). The findings of this research imply that certain behaviors could contribute to CVD events. Therefore, it is recommended that these results be applied toward creating guidelines for emphasizing therapeutic healthy lifestyles and establishing appropriate interventions or health education programs to raise knowledge about and awareness of CVD events among Thai adults.

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