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Over the last two decades "Indigenous People" has become an issue that is discussed concerning concepts and phenomena. Indigenous people also can be seen from the movement of indigenous rights both nationally and internationally. Although the state has recognized the rights of the existence of indigenous people but most of the indigenous people are still marginalized by society. Moreover, the use of “indigenous people” or the “rights of the tribes” in relation to “rights” is taken for granted reducing the acknowledgment of the social structure and the relationships of those indigenous people that have their own unique traditional cultures and ways of life as well as the conditions of their existence under the economic and political structures of each nation-state. Having discussed in the circle of policymakers in cultural rights, and in academic circles of social anthropology. Both social anthropologists and advocates of indigenous rights questioning the rights of indigenous cultures have different points of view. This article, therefore, aims to review the origin, modifications, and argument of the concepts of indigenous people which will help us to better understand the existence of them under the current nation-state.
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