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This research aimed to study and seek factors affecting the mediation process on environmental issues and to prepare mechanism model guidelines and suggestions appropriate for current situations on environmental disputes so as to sustainably restore natural resources and environment. Data were collected using concept reviews, document analysis and synthesis, non-participant observation, and interviews with individuals involved in the environmental dispute mediation process.
The findings revealed that 1) several processes to resolve disputes were available. Though the mediation process on environmental cases has occurred, Thailand still refers to the mediation process on civil cases in which emphasis is placed on conclusion of complaints about compensation, remedies, and compensation for loss or damage caused to persons or properties. The natural resources and environment sector has no rights to claim from the judicial system or mediation in a systematic manner. 2) Factors affecting the procedures of mediation on environmental disputes for the restoration of natural resources and environment in Thailand comprised government policies and relevant laws, mediators, experts in environment and relevant interdisciplinary, environmental data and technology and lawyers or attorneys. 3) As for the guideline models of mediation on environmental disputes for the sustainable restoration of natural resources and environment in Thailand, the researcher proposed that Thailand needs to establish a central agency as the control center to give advice and handle environmental disputes, seek approaches in managing, restoring, remedying, and conserving damaged or affected natural resources and environment in a systematic manner. The procedure includes the process of negotiation to reach a mutual agreement, and that of dispute mediation which can be carried out by 3 procedures as following: seeking major and urgent problems (Need); securing guidelines for solving problems, impact, and demands (Want); and mutual responsibility for natural resources and environment (Wish).
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