A Comparison of the Employment of People with and without Special Needs from Employers’ Perspectives: A Need Assessment and Guidelines for the Employment Promotion

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Virut Kitnuntaviwat

Abstract

The purposes of this study were 1) to analyze the need assessment in employing people with special needs, 2) to analyze the need assessment in employing people without special needs, 3) to compare the need assessment between employing people with and without special needs, and 4) to propose guidelines for the employment promotion of people with special needs. This study used mixed method research with explanatory sequential design. First, it used quantitative research as the sample of this study consisted of 435 entrepreneurs across Thailand that employed both people with and without special needs. The data were collected by using a questionnaire. The results obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics and prioritization needs index technique (PNIModified). Then, qualitative research was conducted by using a semi-structure interview form to interview 10 entrepreneurs and 5 government executives. Data were analyzed using content analysis to propose guidelines for the employment promotion of people with special needs. The result of this study showed that the top priority of need assessment in developing employability skills of people with special needs was the entrepreneurship skill while that of people without special needs was financial skill. Nevertheless, the last priority of need assessment of both groups was the life and career skill. Guidelines for promoting the employment of people with special needs consists of 3 important agencies: school, entrepreneur and government agencies.

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