SETTING UP DEBTOR'S DEFENCES AGAINST THE ASSIGNEE IN ASSIGNMENT OF CLAIM CONTRACT

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ศุภกฤต อุตรวีระการ

Abstract

             The assignment of claim in Thailand Civil and Commercial Code, the debtor can raise defences against the assignee if they existed at the time of the assignment following article 308. This article found that the decision of Supreme Court of Thailand has a verdict in the 9206/2538 that the meaning of “defences” in article 308 is “Only defences were justified at the time of an assignment”, but the debtor always set up a defences which exist after the assignment. In contrast with some opinion of lawyers, they informed that the debtor can raised defences against the assignee at the time of an assignment become enforceable against him. If the defences have arisen after the assignment, it cannot be raised against the assignee because the relationship between assignor and assignee absent.


            The study of law in France, Germany and United Kingdom revealed that the debtor’s defences in the assignment of claim contract were classified into 2 type including the substantive defences (Ab Initio) and personal defences. Conversely, Thailand Civil and Commercial not Legislated clearly in the law, Therefore, this approve can be adopted in Thailand Civil and Commercial Code.

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References

บรรณานุกรม

หนังสือ

ศนันท์กรณ์ (จำปี) โสตถิพันธุ์. คำอธิบายกฎหมายลักษณะหนี้ (ผลแห่งหนี้). กรุงเทพฯมหานคร : สำนักพิมพ์วิญญูชน, 2561.
_____________. คำอธิบายนิติกรรม – สัญญา. กรุงเทพฯ : สำนักพิมพ์วิญญูชน, 2561.
เสนีย์ ปราโมช. ประมวลกฎหมายแพ่งและพาณิชย์ว่าด้วยนิติกรรมและหนี้ เล่ม 2 ภาคจบบริบูรณ์, ปรับปรุงแก้ไขโดยมุนินทร์ พงศาปาน. กรุงเทพมหานคร : สำนักพิมพ์วิญญูชน, 2560.

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ARITICAL

Mustaph Mekki. (2017). France – The French Reform of contract Law : The Art of Redoing without Undoing. Journal of Civil Law Studies. Vol.10.