THE PROBLEM REGARDING THE CRITERIA OF STATE PARTIES COMMON INTEREST FOR IDENTIFYING OF OBLIGATIONS ERGA OMNES PARTES

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สุกัญญา วิเศษศรี

Abstract

Obligations erga omnes partes are owed to all State parties, meaning that based on the inherent reciprocity principle in State parties, obligation is established to protect the collective interest of State parties, and obligation per se do not create self-interest for any State party. Fulfilling treaty objectives and purposes requires common practice, without assigning rights to a single State parties. When violations occur, all State parties are obliged to respond insofar as their legal interests are affected, whether direct injury results or not. States are entitled to institute proceedings against a state responsible for breaching obligations erga omnes partes. Obligations erga omnes partes are essential for inter-state cooperation in certain areas that do not emerge in the context of Unwritten Law. Also, the development of international law as a source of legal rights is applied when no applicable law is cited to resolve disputes. The Judgment in the case concerning Questions Relating to the Obligation to Prosecute or Extradite (Belgium v. Senegal) the court stated that obligations pursuant to articles 5 and 7 of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 1984 were obligations erga omnes partes. The court referred to Reservations to the Convention on Genocide, considering that, in such conventions, State parties have shared, rather than individual interests, to accomplish high purposes which are the purpose of the convention. This article examines how while that treaty is based upon the principle of reciprocity creating binding obligations for State parties, apparently obligations cannot be separated into specific State party or non-bilateral, non-bilateralisable obligations, taking into consideration the conceptual bases of common interest of State parties. Application of the basis of State parties common interest is analyzed to find appropriate identification of obligations erga omnes partes.

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References

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