ปัญหาทางกฎหมายว่าด้วยการนำเข้าชนิดพันธุ์สัตว์ต่างถิ่นเพื่อควบคุมศัตรูพืชโดยชีววิธี

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ชญานนท์ ค้าเจริญ

Abstract

This article studied an importation of exotic animal species for biological pest control, a chemical-free pest management method that uses an exotic animal already living in nature. Therefore, it does not cause environmental chemical residues problems. However, this method potentially risks that imported exotic animal species will turn into invasive alien species, damaging biodiversity. As a result, appropriate legal measures are needed to control use of such tactics to prevent and mitigate risk. Currently, Thailand has no specific law on biological control and existing relevant laws are inapt for application in biological control cases. An international comparative legal study was made of international treaties, relevant laws in the Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand to formulate analytical measures for addressing related issues.


Result were that currently existing relevant legal provisions in Thailand remain problematic in different ways: lack of standardized rules; inability to protect against potential adverse effects; and inconsistency with, or opposition to, the nature of biological control. These findings suggest that legal recommendations, such as determining responsible agencies, risk assessment for exotic animal species, providing pre-release and post-release measures for exotic animal species and amending legal definitions, should be approached for making reparative methods work efficiently, without obstruction.

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