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The aim of this study was to investigate students’ perceptions towards the use of their first language (L1), Thai, in English classrooms. The participants were 158 undergraduate students who majored in English at Asia-Pacific International University. Data were collected through a questionnaire and face-to-face interviews with students. The results show that while most students recognize the advantages of using L1 to explain complicated grammatical points, define new lexical items, and clarify difficult concepts or ideas, they prefer their English classes to be conducted in English. In addition, they favor English teachers who know the students’ L1 so that the teachers can use the L1 whenever needed in giving individual assistance to students. The result also suggests that students with low GPA tend to rely on L1 as a language learning tool.
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