Login or Register to make a submission.

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • Before submitting articles to HBDS, authors are responsible to check any requirements or conditions imposed by their employing/affiliated institutions that might preclude publication in HBDS.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format, and does not contain editorial controls of any kind.
  • The submitted manuscript is from 8-12 pages in length.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 11-point Calibri font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • I have read the duties of authors section under the publication ethics statement and agree to abide by it.

Submission and Review Processes

Manuscripts submitted to the journal should not have been previously published elsewhere and should not be under review for publication in other journals. They will be checked for originality and prescreened by the editorial staff to see if their structure, content, and formatting comply with journal standards. If they pass prescreening, manuscripts then undergo double-blind review process conducted by at least 2 qualified independent peer reviewers who are external to an author’s institution, and knowledgeable in a relevant academic field. This process usually takes from 4–6 weeks, depending on peer reviewer response time.

Responsibility for opinions expressed and the accuracy of facts published in articles published in HBDS rests solely with the individual authors. Views and opinions expressed in these articles are the sole responsibility of authors, and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the journal’s editorial staff, or of Asia-Pacific International University.


Human Behavior, Development and Society (HBDS) Author Guidelines

Here are some general guidelines for preparing and submitting articles to HBDS.

1. Manuscripts for Submissions

1.1. Manuscripts should be no less than 8 and no more than 12 pages in length.

1.2. Manuscripts should be written in correct and standard academic English.

1.3. Manuscripts should be single-spaced.

1.4. Manuscripts should use Calibri font size 11.

1.5. Manuscripts should contain minimal formatting (bold and italics commands are acceptable).

1.6. Manuscripts should not contain editorial controls of any kind.

1.7. Manuscripts should also contain a 150-200 word abstract of the article. Provide at least three keywords, but do not exceed seven.

2. Suggested Referencing Format

2.1. In order to maintain a consistent look for Human Behavior, Development and Society, American Psychological Association (APA) publication guidelines have been slightly modified and adapted to provide a harmonious format and style for the journal. 

2.2. HBDS follows APA 7th edition guidelines for in-text citations, references, and endnotes.

2.3. Referencing Samples: Please refer to https://www.apastyle.org/ for questions about references.

3. Submissions Procedure

3.1. Manuscripts submitted to HBDS must not have been previously published elsewhere nor be under review for publication in other journals.

3.2. Manuscripts must adhere to the journal’s Publishing Guidelines; failure to comply with these guidelines may result in the rejection of a submission.

3.3. Manuscripts must be submitted through the Thai Journal (ThaiJo) online journal submission system at https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/hbds; look for the HBDS web page.

3.4. Manuscripts should be submitted by no later than December 31 for the April issue, April 30 for the August issue, and August 31 for the December issue. Nonetheless, even if a submission is received before the stated dates and is accepted, the journal’s Administrative Board reserves the right to decide on the publication date.

3.5 An article may be withdrawn prior to the double-blind review process. In such an instance, the author(s) should inform the editors and clearly state the reasons for withdrawal. Withdrawing a submission during the review process or during production is considered unprofessional and unethical, and should be avoided. HBDS does not accept future submissions from authors who have previously withdrawn a paper in this manner. Once an article has been published, it may no longer be withdrawn by an author.

4. Review Process

4.1. Manuscripts will be checked for originality and prescreened by the editorial staff to see if their structure, content, and formatting complies with journal standards.

4.2. Manuscripts will undergo a double-blind review process conducted by at least 2 qualified independent peer reviewers who are external to authors’ institutions, and knowledgeable in a relevant academic field. This process takes from 4–6 weeks, depending on peer reviewer response times.

4.3. Authors will be informed of reviewers’ comments as soon as they are available.

4.4. Authors will be given about 1 month to revise their papers (should that be necessary) and should return the revised version by the 1st of March/July/November (or earlier).

5. Numbers in APA Style

5.1 In general round decimals to two places with the exception of p-values (three decimal places is the limit—p < .01 or .001). Percentages are expressed as whole numbers or to one decimal place.

5.2 Rounding rules: If the final number is 5 or more, add one to the last decimal place to be kept (1.565 becomes 1.57). If the number is less than 5, write the number with the required decimal places (2.344 becomes 2.34).

5.3 When a statistical expression cannot exceed the value of 1, then the number reported is NOT preceded by a zero (e.g., with p-values—p < .01, also applies to correlations, and Cronbach’s alpha).

5.4 Large numbers—use commas between groups of three digits in most figures of 1,000 or more.

5.5 Further information can be gained by consulting. James Cook University, Singapore. (n.d.). Numbers in APA. Retrieved from https://www.jcu.edu.sg/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/680085/Numbers-in-APA.pdf; Guadagno, R. (2010). Writing up your results – Guidelines based on APA style. Retrieved from https://ich.vscht.cz/~svozil/lectures/vscht/2015_2016/sad/APA_style2.pdf

6. Recommended Verb Tenses in APA Style Papers


Paper Section

Recommended Tense


Literature Review (or whenever discussing other researchers’ work)


Quinn (2020) presented

Present perfect

Since then, many investigators have used


Description of Procedure


Participants completed a survey

Present perfect

Others have used similar methods

Reporting of Results


Results were nonsignificant

Scores increased

Hypotheses were supported

Discuss Implications of Results


The results indicate

Presentation of Conclusions, Limitations, Future Directions, etc.


We conclude

Limitations of the study are