The Relationship of Social Integration and Personal Development among University Students in Thailand

Main Article Content

Naltan Lampadan
Darrin Thomas


Social integration is a key component of the goals of higher education. Personal growth is often a result of pursuing higher education. The purpose of this study was to investigate the students' perceptions of social integration and personal growth. A cross-sectional survey design using a sample of 129 students revealed that the students have a low perception of their social integration while having a moderately high perception of their personal growth. There was no difference in perception of the variables of this study when comparisons were made by class level, gender, or major. A weak correlation was found between social integration and personal growth (n = 124, r = .20, p < 0.05).


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Research Articles


Astin, A. W. (1993). What matters in college? Four critical years revisited. San Francisco: Jossey Bass

Awang, M. M. (2012). An Exploration of Strategies Used by Malaysian Secondary Teachers for Promoting Positive Behaviour: Professionals and Pupils’ Perspectives (Unpublished PhD. thesis). United Kingdom: University of Dundee.

Bean, J. P. (2005). Nine themes of college student retention. In A. Seidman (Ed.), College student retention. Westport: Praeger Publishers. 215-243.

Braskamp, L. A. (2007). Fostering Religious and Spiritual Development of Students during College. Ankor Publishing.

Calvete, H. & Connor-Smith, J.K. (2006). Perceived social support, coping, and symptoms of distress in American and Spanish students. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 19(1), 47 – 65.

Chang, M. J., Astin, A.W., & Kim, D. (2004). Cross-racial interaction among undergraduates: Some consequences, causes, and patterns. Research in Higher Education, 45(5), 529-553.

Chaney, C. (2008). The benefits of church involvement for African Americans. Journal of Religion and Society, 10.

Chickering, A.W., &Reisser, L. (1993). Education and identity (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass

Demaray, M. K., Malecki, C. K., Davidson, L. M., Hodgson, K. K., & Rebus, P. J. (2005). The Relationship Between Social Support And Student Adjustment: A Longitudinal Analysis. Psychology in the Schools, 42(7), 691-706.

Denson, N. & Zhang, S. (2010). The impact of student experiences with diversity on developing graduate attributes. Studies in Higher Education, 35(5), 529–543.

Elliott, M., & Hayward, R. D. (2007). Religion and the search for meaning in life. Journal of Counselling Psychology, 53, 80–93.

Ellison, C. G., & Levin, J. S. (1998). The religion–health connection: Evidence, theory, and future directions. Health Education & Behavior, 25, 700–720.

Fraenkel, J., Wallen, N., & Hyun, H. (2012). How to design and evaluate research in education (8th ed.). New York, NY: Mc-Graw-Hill.

Hartup, W.W., & Stevens, N. (1999). Friendships and adaptation across the life span.Current Direction in Psychological Science. 8, 76–79.

Hixenbaugh, P., Dewart, H. &Towell, T. (2013). What enables students to succeed? An investigation of socio-demographic, health and student experience variables. Psychodynamic Practice. 18(3), 285–301.

Idler, E. (2008). The psychological and physical benefits of spiritual/religious practices. Spirituality in Higher Education Newsletter, 4. 1.

Lin Y. N (2010). Taiwanese university students' perception of university life.Counseling Psychology Quarterly, 23(2), 189-202.

MacDonald, G., & Leary, M. R. (2005). Why does social exclusion hurt? The relationship between social and physical pain. Psychological Bulletin, 131, 202–223

Martikainen, L. (2009). Life satisfaction of university-educated young adults. Psychology of Happiness. Ova Science Publishers, Inc.

Martin, A. J., Mansour, M., Anderson, M., Gibson, R., Liem, G. A. D. &Sudmalis, D. (2013). The role of arts participation in students’ academic and nonacademic outcomes: A longitudinal study of school, home, and community factors. Journal of Educational Psychology,105(3), 709-727.

Oswald, H. &Suss, K.U. (1994). The influence of parents and peers on misconduct at school: simultaneous and synergistic effects. In Silbereisen, R.K. &Todt, E. (Eds.), Adolescence in Context: The Interplay of Family, School, Peers, and Work in Adjustment. New York: Springer-Verlag Inc.

Ozben, S. (2013) Social skills, life satisfaction, and loneliness: What enables students to succeed? An investigation of socio-demographic, health and student experience variables in Turkish university students. Social Behavior and Personality, 41(2), 203-214.

Peters, S. (2010). Shifting to the lense: Re-Framing the View of Learners during the Transition from Early Childhood. In D. Jindal-Snape (Ed.), New York: Routledge. Educational Transition, 6884.

Phillips, D. L. (1967). Social participation and happiness. American Journal of Sociology, 72(5), 479– 488.

Piaget, J. (1975). The equilibrium of cognitive structures: The central problem of intellectual development. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Riggio, R.E. (2003). Introduction to Industrial/Organizational Psychology, 4th Edition, Upper Saddle, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

Robitschek C, Ashton MW, Spering CC, Geiger N, Byers D, Schotts GC, Thoen MA. (2012). Development and psychometric evaluation of the Personal Growth Initiative Scale-II. J Counseling and Psychology, 59(2), 274-87.

Ross, S., & Straus, M. (1997). The social integration scale. Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Chicago.

Silbereisen, R.K. & Todt, E. (1994). The broader context of social influence in adolescence. In Silbereisen, R.K. & Todt, E. (Eds.), Adolescence in Context: The Interplay of Family, School, Peers, and Work in Adjustment. New York: Springer-Verlag Inc.

Topping, K. J., & Foggie, J. (2010). Interactive Behaviors for Building Independence in Exceptional Youth. In D. Jindal-Snape (Ed.), New York: Routledge. Educational Transition. 161-165.

Yaeda, J. (2010). Transition from Secondary School to Employment in Japan for Students with Disabilities. In D. Jindal-Snape (Ed.), New York: Routledge. Educational Transition, 205-222.

Yonker, J. E., Schnabelrauch, C. A, & DeHaan L. G. (2012). The relationship between spirituality and religiosity on psychological outcomes in adolescents and emerging adults: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Adolescence. 35(2):299–314.