Indonesian Avifauna Some Physical and Biological Relationships

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Warren A. Shipton
Alwyn A. Chacko


Avifauna check lists were used to indicate relationships among physical and biological parameters and families/species numbers in mainly Indonesian islands and territories. Bird species and family numbers represented in territories were related to island area (r=0. 765 and 0.839, respectively). Species numbers also correlated well with the ecoregion score (r=0.934), which indicated special habitat zonation factors favour species diversity. The data on ecoregions was not correlated with the level of endemicity found. The ease of movement of birds across straits between islands was assessed using an index of common species approach. Some support was gained for the proposition that in the past sea levels were lower, thus establishing land bridges such as from Lombok to Alor. The ranked correlation with one analysis of sea depth and species commonality returned a negative ranked correlation coefficient (r=-0.823; P=0.012). Separation distance between islands failed to show a significant correlation to species commonality.


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