Mediating Effect of Personality Traits on Religiosity and Ethical Leadership Basis for a Leadership Development Program

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Lolina T. Mostaza
Reuel E. Narbarte
Francisco D. Gayoba
Robert Borromeo
Jolly S. Balila


The study aimed to determine the mediating effect of personality traits on religiosity and ethical leadership as basis for a leadership program. The relationships of variables were determined using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). A validated questionnaire was administered to 265 respondents from 27 Christian institutions in the Philippines. These institutions were grouped into small clusters as follows: (1) Mission/Conference; (2) College/University; and (3) Hospital. A greater proportion (106, or 40.0%) of the respondents were 50 years old or more, while 29.4% were aged 41 or less, and 26.4% were from 42 – 49 years old. There were more male administrators (55.8%) than females. The findings show that the administrators were highly religious, highly open to experience, conscientious, extraverted, and agreeable. Further results revealed that the administrators are highly ethical. Moreover, there is a significant relationship between religiosity and personality traits. There is also a significant positive relationship between religiosity and ethical leadership. Likewise, there is a significant relationship between personality traits and ethical leadership. Agreeableness, openness to experience, and conscientiousness predict ethical leadership. However, there is a significant difference in ethical leadership between bachelor degree holders and master degree holder. Further results revealed that personality traits fully mediate religiosity and ethical leadership.


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