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This quantitative pilot study aimed to test the extent of the relationship between and effect of postgraduate students’ perception of thesis supervision role and their research skills. A questionnaire, constructed based on guidelines from the handbook for supervisors in Thai universities (OHEC, 2006) with a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.955, was used as an instrument to collect data using a case study approach on one graduate faculty at a university in southern Thailand with 30 participants. Principal factor analysis was carried out, as well as correlation and regression analysis. The results showed statistically significant positive relationships between essential student research skills and their critical thinking/synthesizing skills; their critical thinking/synthesizing skills and research ethics; their critical thinking/synthesizing skills and systematic thinking skills; and their critical thinking/synthesizing skills and supervisor relationships with students. However, supervisor character was not correlated with any student research skill variables, but highly correlated with the other remaining supervision roles. The strongest predictor of student research skills is the relationship between supervisor and student.
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