A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Cyberbullying Behaviors among Lower Secondary School Students in Thailand

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Hathaiphat Osuwan
Noawanit Songkram


Cyberbullying is one of the most important issues around the world nowadays. Thailand also faces this problem, especially among young teens. Hence, this research study aimed to develop and validate the cyberbullying behavior indicators among lower secondary school students in Thailand. Participants in this study consisted of 532 lower secondary students.  In order to validate the indicators of cyberbullying behaviors, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted. A questionnaire with 20 questions was distributed to collect data from participants. The LISREL program was used for analyzing data. The results of CFA indicated that the developed model of cyberbullying behaviors among lower secondary school students in Thailand were fitted to the empirical data and had construct validity. There are five factors covering five types of cyberbullying behaviors, namely: flaming, harassment, social bullying, outing and trickery, and impersonating. In further studies, this questionnaire can be used to measure levels of lower secondary students’ cyberbullying behaviors in Thailand.


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