Adaptation Strategies of Farmers to Counter the Impact of Violent Incidents in the Three Southern Border Provinces of Thailand

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Apisith Chailaph
Ayut Nissapa


The objective of this research was to explore how violent incidents affected agricultural practices of farmers, how they struggled with these problems, and their methods of adaptation to permit survival. Data were collected from 26 key informants in Narathiwat, Pattani, and Yala Provinces. In-depth interviews and descriptive data analyses were used to indicate farmers’ choice of adaptation strategies. The results indicated that violent incidents affected agricultural activities: some agricultural lands were abandoned, farmer numbers and farm income decreased, agricultural officials and middlemen were prevented from meeting farmers to give advice or buy their products, and investors lacked confidence to make investments. Farmers adapted to these difficulties by adjusting working hours, growing other crops, seeking low-interest loans, using agricultural machinery, hiring elderly local laborers, acquiring knowledge and technology from various online media, along with selling products to local merchants and private investors. The findings of this study can help policymakers to better understand and plan agricultural policies to aid in effective adaptation to violent incidents.


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