Main Article Content
The challenge of providing good governance is paramount in higher education institutions. Governing boards play a pivotal role in governance as they help to ensure that management achieves the institution’s stated goals and objectives. The purpose of this study was to explore the current practices of board competency and the duties of the board of trustees in seven selected institutions in the Southern Asia Pacific region as viewed by appropriate board respondents (N =114). Strategic, contextual, analytical, political, educational, and interpersonal competencies, as well as fiduciary governance responsibilities, were reportedly practiced at a high level. Competency and governance responsibilities were closely associated, implying that the higher the competency of a board of trustees, the better was the performance of governance responsibilities. The Mann-Whitney results showed that female respondents practiced a higher level of fiduciary responsibilities than males. Moreover, the regression results identified educational competency as the strongest predictor of the practice of fiduciary governance responsibility. Recommendations and guidelines for educational competency and fiduciary enhancement programs were generated to assist in the development of good practices.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright: Asia-Pacific International University reserve exclusive rights to publish, reproduce and distribute the manuscript and all contents therein.
Afriyie, A. (2015). Sustainable factor of higher education institutions: Why investment portfolio matters most. Journal of Business Management and Economics, 3(3), 16–22.
Arslan, H. (2013). Effectiveness of board of trustees in university governance. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 13(9), 1165–1171.
Barac, Z. (2015). Effective direction and control of higher education institutions: An empirical case study of the Croatian private business school [Doctoral dissertation], University of St. Gallen, Switzerland. https://scholar.google.com/citations?view_op=view_citation&hl=en&user=SdQi734AAAAJ&citation_for_view=SdQi734AAAAJ:5nxA0vEk-isC
Bernstein, R., Buse, K., & Slatten, L. A. (2015). Nonprofit board performance: board members’ understanding their roles and responsibilities. American Journal of Management, 15(1), 24–35. http://www.na-businesspress.com/ AJM/BernsteinR_Web15_1_.pdf
Canosa, H. (2008). Seventh-day Adventist higher education governing boards: A snapshot. The Journal of Adventist Education (Summer 2008). https://jae.adventist.org/
Chaffee, E. (2018, February 6). Strategic leadership. Leadership and Governance in Higher Education. https://ellenchaffee.com/53-2/
Chappell, C.D. (2013). The Virginia commission on higher education board appointments: The impact of legislative reform on public university governance [Doctoral dissertation, George Mason University] Mason Archival Repository Service. https://hdl.handle.net/1920/8350
Clawson, J.G. (2015). Level three leadership: Getting below the surface (3rd ed.). Pearson Prentice Hall.
Collins, A. J., Jr. (2013). The partnership between private university presidents and governing boards in effective governance [Unpublished Dissertation Abstract]. Pepperdine University. https://www.proquest.com/docview/ 1436258717
Davidson, C., Kaattari, J., & Trottier, V. (2014). Board governance resource guide for nonprofit organizations. Community Literacy of Ontario. https://www.communityliteracyofontario.ca/wp/wp-content/uploads/ 2014/07/Board-Governance-Manual-June-2014.pdf
Gentius, P. (2015, July 6–8). An examination of governing boards competencies at public institutions of higher education in Virginia. [Paper presentation]. 7th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies, Barcelona, Spain. https://library.iated.org/view/GENTIUS2015ANE
Governance Handbook. (2015). For trustees of academies and multi-academy trusts and governors of maintained schools. Department for Education, Great Britain. https://www.bl.uk/collection-items/governance-handbook-for-trustees-of-academies-and-multiacademy-trusts-and-governors-of-maintained-schools
Griffin, W. M. (2011). Board of trustees: The whole is greater than the sum of the individual parts [Doctoral dissertation, National-Louis University]. Digital Commons@NLU. https://digitalcommons.nl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi? referer=&httpsredir=1&article=1044&context=diss
Hartley, S. (2014). Board of governors: Statement of primary responsibilities. University of Portsmouth, Great Britain. https://corporate-governance.docstore.port.ac.uk/A808947.pdf
Huff, P., Palmer, K., & Retzleff, D. (2011). Building an effective board of directors: A toolkit for 4-H staff and 4-H leader organization members. University of Wisconsin-Extension. https://fonddulac.extension.wisc.edu/files/ 2011/09/Finalversion.pdf
Improving Board Effectiveness (2017). https://hsctc.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Short-Version-Improving-Board-Effectiveness-.pdf
Ingenium Communications. (2013). Best practices in board communication. https://www.resultsmap.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Best-Practices_Board-Communications-2013.pdf
Ingram, R. T. (1980). Handbook of college and university trusteeship. The Jossey-Bass Series in Higher Education.
Jaskyte, K., & Holland, T. (2015) Non-profit boards: Challenges and opportunities. Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadership & Governance, 39(3), 163–166. https://doi.org/10.1080/23303131.2015.1035612
KASFAA Policy Manual. (2016). Duties and responsibilities of the executive board. https://docplayer.net/20912650-5-duties-and-responsibilities-of-the-executive-board.html
Keelin, T. & Arnold, R. (2002). Five habits of highly strategic thinkers. The Journal of Business Strategy 23(5), 38–42. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb040273
Korelich, K., & Maxwell, G. (2015). The Board of Trustees’ professional development and effects on student achievement. Research in Higher Education, 27, 1–15.
Legon, R. (2014, March/April). The 10 habits of highly effective boards. Trusteeship Magazine, 22(2). https://wou.edu/board/files/2014/10/10-Habits-of-Highly-Effective-Boards.pdf
Maricle, C. (2014). Governing to achieve: A synthesis of research on school governance to support student achievement. California School Boards Association. https://www.mikemcmahon.info/CSBAGoverning Achieve2014.pdf
Mourfield, R. (2014). Organizational change: A guide to bringing everyone on board [Undergraduate honors thesis]. Indiana University, USA. https://docplayer.net/11900006-Organizational-change-a-guide-to-bringing-everyone-on-board.html
Northouse, P.G. (2015). Leadership: Theory and practice. 7th edition. SAGE Publications.
Ogbechie, C. I. (2012). Key determinants of effective boards of directors: Evidence from Nigeria [Doctoral dissertation, Brunel University]. http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/bitstream/2438/7667/1/ FulltextThesis.pdf
Rahimi, G., Damirchi, V. G., & Seyyedi, M. H. (2011). Surveying of organizational culture and management behavior affect in organizational innovation (Case study: Agriculture organization of Eastern Azerbaijan in Iran). World Applied Sciences Journal 14(11), 1763–1769. https://www.idosi.org/wasj/wasj14(11)11/22.pdf
Rios, P. (2013). A SWOT Analysis of globalization in Adventist higher education. International Forum Journal, 16(1),62–78. https://journals.aiias.edu/info/article/view/141
Santiago, P. P. (2008). An analytical study of college/university board of trustees competencies, major responsibilities and performance strategies towards effective governance [Unpublished Post-Doctoral Research Project]. North Philippine Union Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, Pasay City, Philippines.
Shattock, M. (2012). University governance: An issue for our time. Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education, 16(2) 56–61. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603108.2011.645082
Thomas, L. (2020). Effective board governance: A handbook for board members and Administrators of First Nations’ Boards. https://www.fnesc.ca/wp/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/62116-FN-School-Governing-HandBook-V1R0-102120-B.pdf
Wormell, P., & McCallum, P. (2013, November). The purpose and function of academic boards and senates in Australian universities. Paper presented at the National Conference of Chairs of Academic Boards and Senates, University of Sydney, Australia. https://www.mq.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/1166919/the-purpose-and-function-of-academic-boards-and-senates-in-australian-universities.pdf