Design guidelines improve the physical environment in the housing where supports physical, psychological and intellectual well-being of elderly according to the Universal Design concept

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Duangruthai Teesuk
Metee Meteesawadkul
Phatcharaphan Chaiyasung


The article is to study the issues of the physical environment in the elderly’s housing and area usage behavior, the need to redesign the physical environment in the housing to improve the physical, psychological and intellectual well-being of the elderly, and suggest the ideas of improve the physical environment of the housing according to  the Universal Design concept and supporting intellectual well-being training kits. Data were collected by 1.) the study of the physical environment in one-story houses and two-story houses in Rangsit Klong-hok housing (Kheha) community, Pathum Thani province 2.) the questionnaire about the needs of the interior design of the housing for the elderly’s physical environment with 100 people, and 3.) the interview about the issues and area usage behavior in the elderly’s housing with 20 people. According to the study of designing the physical environment in the housing that has improved the physical and psychological well-being of the elderly, the suggestions are: there should be decoration with relaxing color tone according to therapy theory and the space allocation that supports wheelchair usage and facilities like safety frame, etc. to encourage self-reliance in the elderly. Also, the design for environment improving intellectual well-being should include space supporting intellectual well-being testing kits such as front yard, bedroom, and living room, to encourage cognitive development that helps decrease the tendency of dementia.


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