The Occupational Development of Beef Farming in Pattani Province with the Use of Local Resources and Biotechnology Application for Fermented Animal Feed Production

Main Article Content

Opart Pimpa
Bodee Khamseekhiew
Benchamaporn Pimpa
Somsak Louchareansuk

Abstract

The current study focuses on building community enterprise for farmers that promotes side jobs in integrated-farming carried out in Pattani province (Tunglipasango Co-operative Ltd.). The community of farming integrates oil palm and rubber plantation with beef cattle raising. The study aims to develop a successful beef farming system by using local resources and biotechnology application for fermented feed production for cattle. This project was supported by Research Knowledge Management Project of 2016 by the National Research Council of Thailand (NRCT) and ran during 2016-2017. The biotechnology application in fermented animal feed production reveals the following formula. Of the 100 units of yeast water, the mixture of agricultural by-products available in the southern region such as fresh soybean meal accounts for 25 units, coconut meal of 25 units, sago meal of 49 units, and salt for 1 unit, (measured by weight). An alternative formula is also given to farmers. A total of 34 farmers participates in the study. A follow-up evaluation conducted 6 months after training as way for technology transfer and building community enterprise indicates that the participants have gained a better income.  As high as 88.24% of the farmers has generated major income as a result of the transferred knowledge while 11.76% has increased the part-time income. Most of the farmers’ income (58.8%) has increased by 5,001-6,000 baht per month. In addition, the use of knowledge also helps reduce family expenses, as reported by 41.2% of the farmers reduces the expense by 4,001-5,000 baht per month. Clearly, 35.29% of the farmers gain knowledge and use it to improve the quality of farm management. About 11.76% of the farmer participating in workshop still go to speak and continue to disseminate knowledge. The committee of the cooperative has organized activities to promote cattle raising for members. These results reflect a success in technology transfer for building community enterprise in an area in the deep south of Thailand, where most people perceive as critical and unrest, to the sustainability of the agricultural system.

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How to Cite
Pimpa, O., Khamseekhiew, B., Pimpa, B., & Louchareansuk, S. (2019). The Occupational Development of Beef Farming in Pattani Province with the Use of Local Resources and Biotechnology Application for Fermented Animal Feed Production. Area Based Development Research Journal, 11(6), 477-487. Retrieved from https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/abcjournal/article/view/211383
Section
Research Articles
Author Biography

Opart Pimpa, prince of songkla university, Suratthani campus, opimpa@hotmail.com; opart@psu.ac.th tel.089-9081937

Curriculum Vitae

Opart  Pimpa

Prince of Songkla University,  Surat Thani Campus, 84100    Thailand

 

 

Name:  Assoc. Prof.  Dr. Opart  Pimpa

Contact information:

 Postal address : Prince of Songkla University,  Surat Thani Campus, 84100    Thailand

Fax (Office)  00-66-077-355041     (Mobile) 089-9081937     Email: opart.p@psu.ac.th; opimpa@hotmail.com

Personal information:

Date of Birth: June 18th 1969.

 Place of Birth: Udorn thani, Thailand

Citizenship:  Thai
Education:

B.Sc. (Agricultural Science)  1991  Khon Kaen University, Thailand

M.S. (Animal Science)    1994    Khon Kaen University, Thailand

Ph.D. (Ruminant Nutrition)  2002  Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Honors and Awards:

-1998. The best scientific paper presentation Award (First prize) of the 20 th Society of Animal Production (MSAP) Annual Conference (Local Feedstuff Utilization: Potential and Realities), July 27, 1998.

- 2000. The young scientist and presentation award at The 9th Animal Science Congress of

           the Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP

           Animal Science Congress),  2-7 July, 2000. University of New South Wales,

           Sydney, Australia.

  • Outstanding Staff Award from Faculty of Science and Industrial Technology, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand.
  • Outstanding Scientist  Award from Faculty of Science and Industrial Technology, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand.
  • PSU research & technology Transfer Awards, Year  2008, Title of Research Utilization of oil palm by product for animal feed and technology transfer to small holder farmer.  Prince of Songkla University, Thailand.
  • Outstanding  Scientist  Award from Faculty of Science and Industrial Technology, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand.
  • Love, Admiration, and Faith of Students award from  Faculty of Science and Industrial Technology, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand.
  • PSU research & technology Transfer Awards, Year  2012, Title of  Research was Situation of production and marketing of beef cattle in Surat Thani province and technology transfer.  Prince of Songkla University, Thailand.
  • Outstanding Thai person of the year 2013 Award. on “Research and Development Awards” Thai Awards,  from Foundation for the Thai Social . The award was presented by General Pijit Kullawanich, the Privy Councilor of Thailand.
  • Outstanding The best teacher Award of Suratthani province 2014. Office of the Welfare Promotion Commission for Teachers and Education Personnel of Thailand.
  • Outstanding Thai person, good man and work for country 2015 Award. on “Education” Thai Awards,  from Foundation for the Thai Social . The award was presented by Thai Privy Councillor  Mr.Ampol Senanarong.
  • Outstanding Alumni Award on “Research and Technology transfer” from Faculty of  Agriculture, Khon Kaen University. Thailand.
  • PSU research & technology Transfer Awards, Year  2016, Title of  Technology transfer for supporting careers in the oil palm plantation by using the philosophy of Sufficiency Economy and integrated agriculture in Surat Thani province.  Prince of Songkla University, Thailand.
  • National outstanding, The best Animal Husbandry award 2017. The Animal Husbandry Association of Thailand, Under the royal patronage of H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn.
  • Outstanding Thai Best Practice Award 2017. on “Research and Technology transfer” Thai Awards,  from Foundation for the Thai Social . The award was presented by Thai Privy Councillor  General Surayud Chulanont.
  • Outstanding Thai Inovation Award 2017. on “Inovation and Technology transfer” Thai Awards,  from Foundation for the Thai Social . The award was presented by Mr. Abhisit Vejjajiva, the former Thai prime minister.

 

Offices Held and Responsibilities:

  • Deputy Dean for student Affairs, Faculty of Agriculture Natural Resources and Environment, Naresuan University (2002-2005)
  • Deputy Dean for Research Affairs, Faculty of Technology and Mangement, Prince of Songkla University (2006-2008)
  • Deputy Dean for academic, Science and Industrial Technology, Prince of Songkla University (2009-2010)
  • Head of oil palm research Unit, Prince of Songkla University (2009- 20013 )

- Consultant to Beef Farmers Union of  Surat thani  Provine,  Thailand  (2007- present )

- Consultant to farm network for Brahman cattle development in Southern of Thailand (2009-2016 )

-  Dean, Faculty of Science and Industrial Technology, Prince of Songkla University (2012-2014)

Research Involvement:

 - Crop Residues and oil palm by-products Improvement and Utilization as Livestock Feeds Research, Project Leader.

-Ruminant Nutrition and animal feed requirement of Thailand.

Publication:

-  Pimpa, O, M. Wanapat, S. Uriyapongson, K, Sommart and D. Parker.1995. Effect of ruminal NH3-N on fermentation digestibility and straw intake in swamp buffaloes, International workshop Draft Animal Power to Increase Farming Efficiency and Sustainability. Khon Kaen, Thailand, Feb.13-17.1995.

-   Pimpa, O., M. Wanapat, K. Sommart, S. Uriyapongson and W. Wangsrikeao. 1996. Effect of level of ruminal NH3-N in swamp buffalo on pH, volatile fatty acid and blood urea nitrogen. The 8th Animal science Congress of AAAP. October 13-18,1996. Chiba, Japan.

-   Pimpa, O., M. Wanapat, K. Sommart, S. Uriyapongson and D. Parker. 1996. Effect of level of ruminal NH3-N on straw intake, digestibility and microbial protein synthesis in swamp buffaloes. The 8th Animal Science Congress of AAAP. October 13-18, 1996. Chiba, Japan

  • Wanapat and O. Pimpa. 1999. Effect of Ruminal NH3-N Levels on Ruminal Fermentation, Purine Derivatives, Digestibility and Rice Straw Intake in Swamp Buffaloes. Asian-Aus. J. Anim. Sci. Vol. 12 No. 6: 904-907.

-    Pimpa, O.,  M. Y. Loqman, G. K. Mohd Azam Khan, B. Khamseekhiew, B. P.    Purwanto, K. Bengaly and J.B. Liang. 1998. Runinal and Duodenal Cannulation  of Cattle and Buffalo for studies of ruminant digestion. Proc. 20th MSAP conf. 27-  28 Jul;y 1998, Putrajaya, Malaysia.

  • Pimpa,O., B. Liang, Z.A. Jelan, N. Abdullah. 1998. Urinary Allantoin : Creatinine Ratios of Kedah-Kelantan Cattle and Swamp Buffalo.pp93-98. in Proc. Malaysian Science & Technology Congress, Primula Parkroyal Hotel, Kuala 

                 Terengganu, Malaysia, November 7-9,1998.

-    Pimpa, O. 1999. Estimation of rumen microbial protein production using urinary   purine derivatives for zebu cattle. Paper presented at the 2nd International Training Workshop " Applied techniques on the utilization of crop straw & stover in  animal                husbandry" Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, China, September  1-20, 1999.

  • B. Liang, O. Pimpa, N. Abdullah, Z.A. Jelan and J.V. Nolan. 1999. Estimation of rumen microbial protein production from urinary purine derivatives in zebu cattle                 and water buffalo.  “Nuclear based technologies for estimating microbial protein                  supply in ruminant livestock”  IAEA-TECDOC- 1093 IAEA, Vienna. pp. 35-42.

-     Pimpa, O., J.B. Liang, Z.A. Jelan, N. Abdullah. 2000. Purine Nitrogen: Total Nitrogen content of mixed rumen microbial population in Kedah-Kelantan cattle and  Swamp buffaloes. The 22nd Annual Conference Malaysian Society of Animal Production “Good Animal Husbandry Practices the Future for sustainable food  production”  29 May- 1 June, 2000. Shangri-La’s Tanjung Aru Resort, Kota  Kinabalu,  Sabah, Malaysia.

-   Pimpa, O., J.B. Liang, Z.A. Jelan, N. Abdullah. 2000. The endogenous and response of  Urinary purine derivatives to various rates of Duodenal purine bases infusion in  Kedah-Kelantan cattle and Swamp buffaloes. The 9th Animal Science Congress of

 the Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP Animal Science Congress), 2-7 July, 2000. University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

-     Pimpa, O.,  J.B. Liang, J. Balcells, Z.A. Jelan and  N. Abdullah  2001. Recovery rate of plasma purine derivatives in the urine of swamp buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) with  special references to differences with zebu cattle. PP. II 36-II 42. In Proc. The 2nd  Symposium on Sustainable Utilization of Agriculture Byproducts for Animal Production. Chulalongkorn University, Thailand.

-   Pimpa, O., J.B. Liang, Z.A. Jelan, N. Abdullah. 2001. Urinary excretion of duodenal purine derivatives in Kedah-Kelantan cattle. Animal Feed Science and Technology.  V. 92: 203-214.

 

-  Pimpa, O., J.B. Liang, J. Balcells, Z.A. Jelan and N. Abdullah. 2002. Urinary purine derivatives  excretion in swamp buffaloes post purine infusion into the duodenum. Animal Feed Science and Technology. V.104: 191-199.

 

  • B. Liang, O. Pimpa, J. Balcells, Z.A. Jelan and N. Abdullah. 2002. Urinary purine derivatives excretion as a method for estimation of rumen microbial protein production in swamp buffaloes and Zebu cattle. FAO/IAEA  meeting in Vietnam.

-  Pimpa, O., J.B. Liang, M.Y. Loqman and G.K. Mohd Azam Khan. 2002. Surgical Implication of duodenal catheter in swamp buffaloes for Nutrition studies. KKU Vet Journal . V. 11 No.2, 25-29.

  • Pimpa, O., B. Liang,  Z.A. Jelan and N. Abdullah. 2002.  Response of Urinary Purine derivatives excretion to feed intake in swamp buffaloes and zebu cattle.  Chiang Mai Journal of Science. V.30 (1): 47-55.
  • Pimpa and J.B. Liang 2004. Estimation of Microbial Protein Supply of Lactating Dairy Cows Under Smallholder Farmers in North-East Thailand Using Urinary Purine Derivative Technique. Page 114-122. FAO/IAEA  2004. H.P.S. Makkar and X.B. Chen (eds.) Estimation of microbial protein supply in ruminants using urinary purine derivatives. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.
  • B. Liang and O. Pimpa 2006. An overview of the use of urinary purine derivatives as an index to estimate microbial protein production in water Buffaloes. Proceeding of the 5th Asian buffalo Congress on Social economic contribution of buffalo to rural areas. April 18-22, 2006 Nanning, China.
  • Pimpa, J.B. Liang and J. Balcells 2007. Renal and Salivary Excretions of Plasma Purine Derivatives in Swamp buffaloes and Zebu cattle. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. Vol. 20, No.8:1201-1207.
  • Chumpawadee, S and O. Pimpa. 2008. Effect of Non forage high fibrous feedstuffs as fiber sources in total mixed ration on gas production characteristics and in vitro fermentation. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 7(3):459-464, 2008.
  • Chumpawadee, S and O. Pimpa. 2009. Effect of Burma Padauk, Rain tree and Siamese rough Bush leaves as fiber sources in total mixed ration on in vitro Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 4(1):1-8, 2009.
  • Chumpawadee, S and O. Pimpa. 2009. Effect of fodder tree as fiber sources in total mixed ration on feed intake, nutrient digestibility, Chewing behavior and ruminal fermentation in beef cattle. Journal of Animal and veterinary Advances 8(7):1279-1284, 2009.

-  O. Pimpa, S. Ruenhsuwan and B. Pimpa. (2008).  Utilization of decanter cake from oil palm industrial residues as a source of feedstuff for indigenous cattle: Applied to small holder farmer in the south of Thailand. 2008 Annual Meeting: Establishment of a Feeding Standard of Beef Cattle and a Feed Database for the Indochinese Peninsula. December 18-19, 2008, Maruay Garden Hotel Bangkok, Thailand. Page 7-1 to 7-6.

-  Pimpa, O. and  Ruengsuwan, S. (2008). Practical feeding trial on farm of South-Thailand. Proceeding of International Symposium: Establishment of a Feeding Standard of Beef Cattle and a Feed Database for the Indochinese peninsula. August 6-7, 2008,  Khon Kaen, Thailand. Page136-139.

- Binsulong, B., Pastsart, U. and Pimpa, O. 2016. Effect of using oil palm fronds and Napier grass as roughage in total mixed ration supplemented with bypass fat on meat quality of feedlot cattle. The 62nd International Congress of Meat Science and Technology, 14-19 August 2016, Bangkok, Thailand.

Binsulong, B., Pastsart, U. and Pimpa, O. 2016. The effect of oil palm frond and Napier grass as roughage in total mixed ration (TMR) supplemented with bypass fat on growth performance of feedlot. The 5th National Animal Science conference, 28-30 June 2016. Khon Kaen Thailand.

Khamseekhiew, B., Pimpa, O., and Jettana, T. 2015. Productive performance and production cost of different cross bred meat Goats fed high levels of OPL in fermented TMR. The 5th International conference on Sustainable Animal Agriculture for Developing Countries (SAADC 2015)  October 27-30, 2015. Dusit Thani Pattaya Hotel, Thailand.

Khamseekhiew, B., Pimpa, O., Jettana, T. and Nakaviroj, P.  2017. Effects of oil palm leaflets in total mixed ration on nitrogen utilization, rumen fermentation and growth in goats. The 6th International Conference on Sustainable Animal Agriculture for Developing Countries. (SAADC 2017) October  16-19, 2017. Batu, East Java, Indonesia.

Pimpa, O. 2017. The innovation of teaching in beef and dairy production subject  by problem based  learning.  The 1st conference in active learning: classroom of the future. Walailak University. 27-28 March  2017.

Pimpa, O. 2016. Animal production and technology transfer. The 5th National Animal Science conference, 28-30 June 2016.

Pimpa, O., Khamseekhiew, B. and  Pimpa, B. 2017. Dietary protein requirement for maintenance and growth of Southern Thai indigenous cattle. The 2nd International Conference on Animal Nutrition and Environment. November 1-4, 2017. Khon Kaen, Thailand. 

 

 

 

 

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