India's General Election 2019: the Battle in Political Field

Main Article Content

Abdunrohman Mukem

Abstract

In this article, ‘India’s General Election 2019: The Battle in Political Field’, the researcher attempts to study the general election in India in 2019, the approaches of the political parties and the factors accounting for their prospects of winning the election. This study is a comparative analysis of the 2014 and 2019 general elections; it also consider the result of state election in 2018 to see how this had any impact on the election 2019, as well as the strategies adopted by the parties to create perceptions in the people’s mind. The researcher has concentrated on the weaknesses and strengths of the political parties for the future of the Indian political system.


The study has come with the following findings: (i) India’s general election 2019 became a ‘risky way’ for Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Narendra Modi to come back for the power again. BJP failed in political propagandas: the job creation policy to solve India’s unemployment, the uplift of farmers and other policies could not be translated into reality in the last 5 years. These factors let BJP supporters down in the state election 2018 and the ‘bad sign’ for India general election in 2019. However, Modi is better than Rahul Gandhi insofar as experiences are concerned, and he is humble and simple man, impressing people with his hospitality. These personal traits accounted for his victory in this election 2019. (ii) The Indian National Congress (INC) was an ‘unfortunately situation’ of India’s election 2014 and it won only 44 seats from 464 candidates. Moreover, the leader of INC, Rahul Gandhi, had been down in his popularity, and his prospect of of becoming the Prime Minister of India had been even smaller. The INC placed Priyanka Gandhi in a senior organizational role in India’s opposition Congress Party and offered to a select ‘Accidental Prime Minister.’ (iii) The last fighting consisted in requesting Indians to support the policies of the parties. BJP was presenting the policy of Doubling of Farmer’s Incomes, Pucca, Healthcare Centers and others. INC propagated new policies such as Nyuntam Aay Yojana (NYAY), Seva Mitra, Healthcare and others.  


Lastly, this latest fight in Indian politics can shows that the popularity of BJP is still very much stronger than that of INC. Many factors are involved here, and one of this is that BJP is ready to move India forward amidst uncertainty of the economic situation, political instability and world politics. The general political perception is that the senior person “Brand Modi” is the best way to run the country amidst the future challenges of world politics.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mukem, A. (2019). India’s General Election 2019: the Battle in Political Field. ASIA PARIDARSANA, 40(2), 57–96. Retrieved from https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/asianreview/article/view/243202
Section
บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)
Share |

References

ภาษาไทย

1. “ชะตากรรมโมดี เลือกตั้งอินเดียปีหน้า.”2561. ประชาชาติธุรกิจ, เข้าถึงเมื่อ 17 เมษายน 2562. https://www.prachachat.net/world- news/news-265398

2. บวร โทศรีแก้ว. 2559. “ศึกวรรณะอินเดียยุคใหม่ ยอมลดชั้นเพื่อให้อยู่รอด.” ไทยรัฐออนไลน์, เข้าถึงเมื่อ 30 พฤษภาคม 2562. https://www.thairath.co.th/content/583152

3. ประพันธ์ สามพายวรกิจ. 2558. ถอดรหัสอินเดีย 2015. กรุงเทพฯ: สถานเอกอัครราชทูตไทย ณ กรุงนิวเดลี.

4. ประพันธ์ สามพายวรกิจ. 2559. มองอินเดียใหม่. กรุงเทพฯ: สถานเอกอัครราชทูตไทย ณ กรุงนิวเดลี.

5. ปัทมน ปัญจวีณิน. 2560. “จากเอกราชสู่อินเดียใหม่ในอีก 5 ปีข้างหน้า.” สถานเอกอัครราชทูตไทยประจำกรุงนิวเดลี อินเดีย. เข้าถึงเมื่อ 8 เมษายน 2562. http://newdelhi.thaiembassy.org/th/2017/09/article_modi_indepence_day_address/

6. ปัทมน ปัญจวีณิน. 2561. “ครบรอบ 4 ปี การบริหารอินเดียของนายกโมดี: บทเรียนถึงประเทศไทย.” สถานเอกอัครราชทูตไทยประจำกรุงนิวเดลี ประเทศอินเดีย. เข้าถึงเมื่อ 29 มีนาคม 2562. http://newdelhi.thaiembassy.org/th/2018/06/modi_at_four/

7. ฟาริด ซาการียา. 2557. เมื่อโลกไม่ได้หมุนรอบอเมริกา. กรุงเทพมหานคร: สำนักพิมพ์วีเลิร์น.

8. วงศ์วริศ ศุภปฐวีพงศ์. 2558. แนวทางการพัฒนาประสิทธิภาพการเลือกตั้งด้วยระบบอิเล็กทรอนิกส์. กรุงเทพฯ : สาขาวิชาการบริหารจัดการ สาธารณะ สำหรับนักบริหาร คณะรัฐศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์.

9. อับดุรเราะฮหมาน มูเก็ม. 2559. “ปฏิบัติการณ์ล่าเงินมือในอินเดีย.” Deepsouthwatch, เข้าถึงเมื่อ 19 เมษายน 2562. https://deepsouthwatch.org/th/node/9791

ภาษาอังกฤษ


10. A Aiyar, Swaminathan. 2019. “View: Narendra Modi’s chances of returning to power in 2019 elections are 50-50.” January 2. Economic Times, Accessed April 17, 2019. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/view-narendra-modis-chances-of-returning-to-power-in-2019-elections-are-50-50/articleshow/67340647.cms

11. A. Anooja. 2016. “Internet Voting System and Digital India.” International Journal of Emerging Trend and Technology in Computer Science (IJETTCS) 5(1): 62-64.

12. Ayres, Alyssa. 2018. “Why Narendra Modi's Ruling Party No Longer Looks Invincible in 2019 Indian Elections.” Time, December 12. Accessed March 30, 2019. http://time.com/5477783/bjp-state-loss-elections-narendra-modi/

13. BBC News. 2019. “India Election 2019: the Man who has lost 24 times but won’t give up.” April 19. Accessed April 21, 2019. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/amp/world-asia-india-47987657?fbclid=IwAR2Sd6kvA9kCCJQBhB_vbmw5AV5SN72 mmhxmeEVtpN AF7vwRVaw_n_Wtxds

14. BBC News. 2019. “Lok Sabha: India general election results 2019.” May 23. Accessed May 31, 2019. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-48315659

15. BBC News. 2019. “Why Jobs are dominating the Indian Election.” April 16. Accessed April 21, 2019. https://www.bbc.com/news/av/business-47953616/why-jobs-are-dominating-the-indian-election

16. Biswas, Soutik. 2019. “Modi’s India.” April 10. BBC News, Accessed April 21, 2019. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/res/idt-sh/Modis_Indiagandhi-as-a-politician-narendra-modi-will-not-be-prime-minister-in-2019-shashi-tharoor1.1546766281702

17. “Congress won't name Rahul Gandhi as PM candidate in 2019.” 2018. India Today, October 23. Accessed April 7, 2019. https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/rahul-gandhi-pm-candidate-congress-1373465-2018-10-23

18. Chaturvedi, Swati. 2019. “Vipassana changed Rahul Gandhi as a politician, Narendra Modi will not be prime minister in 2019: ShashiTharoor.” Gulf News, January 6. Accessed April 6, 2019. https://gulfnews.com/ world/asia/india/ vipassana-changed-rahul-

19. Election Commission of India. 2019. Commission’s State Review of J&K for Poll Preparedness. Accessed April 18, 2019. https://eci.gov.in/files/file/9382-commission%E2%80%99s-state-review-of-jk-for-poll-preparedness/

20. Election Commission of India. 2019. General Election-2019: Schedule of Elections-General Elections to Lok Sabha. New Delhi: Election Commission of India.

21. Election.in. 2019. Amethi Election Results 2019. Accessed March 29. http://www.elections.in/results/amethi-up.html

22. Ford, Matt. 2014. “India’s democracy runs on 1.7 million electronic voting machines.” Quartz, April 16, 2014. Accessed March 29, 2019. https://qz.com/199553indias-democracy-runs-on-1-7-million-electronic-voting-machines/

23. Gupta, Nishtha. 2019. “BJP Manifesto 2019: How it differs from Congress manifesto.” India Today, April 8. Accessed April 17, 2019. https://www.indiatoday.in/elections/lok-sabha-2019/story/bjp-manifesto-2019-difference-congress-manifes to-nationalism-financial-stability-women-empowerment-1496986-2019-04-08

24. “Happy to contest from Varanasi if asked by Rahul, says Priyanka.” 2019. The Hindu, April 21. Accessed April 21, 2019. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/general-elections-live-april-21-2019/article26903311.ece?fbclid=IwAR33 jbzmBJo1ERDMYT-MC5ot8a8-uyV4jpODNZGeqs7_A7KTXN7S9VA4RGE

25. “If Congress gets majority in 2019 polls, Rahul will be our PM: Tharoor.” India Today, December 30. Accessed April 10, 2019. https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/congress-2019-lok-sabha-polls-rahul-gandhi-prime-minister-shashi-tharoor-1420062-2018-12-30

26. Interview, Malaram. Padmini Tolat. 2019. Professor of Santiniketan, India, March 04, 2019.

27. Interview, Muhammad Faheem. 2019. Lecturer of Political Science, Pridi Banomyong International College, Thammasart University, Bangkok, Thailand. March 1, 2019.

28. Kochukudy, Anand. 2019. “Is Priyanka Gandhi the Congress’s Trump card or another instance of dynastic politics?.” Quartz India. January 24. Accessed March 29, 2019. https://qz.com/india/1532063/can-rahuls-priyanka-gandhi-card-beat- modi-in-2019-elections/

29. Marlow, Iain. 2019. “A New Gandhi Enters Politics and Shakes Up India’s Election.” Bloomberg, January 25. Accessed March 29, 2019. https://www.bloombergquint.com/elections/a-new-gandhi-enters-politics-and-shakes-up-india-s-election

30. Michael, Safi. 2019. “India Election results 2019: Modi claims landslide victory.” The guardian. May 23. Accessed June 3, 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/23/india-election-results-narendra-modi-bjp-victory

31. Michael, Safi. 2019. “India’s Muslims quiver in the new dawn of an emboldened Narendra Modi.” The guardian, May 26. Accessed June 3, 2019 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/26/india-muslims-narendra-modi-bjp-new-dawn

32. Michael, Safi. 2019. “Rahul Gandhi loses his seat in Congress party landslide defeat.” The guardian, May 23, 2019. Accessed June 3, 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/23/rahul-gandhi-loses-his-seat-in-congress-party-landslide-defeat

33. Pokharel, Sugam. 2019. “Why the 2019 Indian Election feels different to 2014.” CNN World, March 14. Accessed March 29, 2019. https://edition.cnn.com/2019/03/13/india/india-election-modi-differences-intl/index.html

34. Prabhash K., Dutta. 2019. Election results 2019: 5 reasons that got Narendra Modi another term. India Today. May 23. Accessed June 3, 2019. https://www.indiatoday.in/elections/lok-sabha-2019/story/election-results-2019-5-reasons- that-got-narendra-modi-another-term-1532978-2019-05-23

35. Raghavan, Srinivasa. 2018. “Think the Unthinkable: Can Rahul be PM in 2019?.” Rediff News, March 19, 2018. Accessed April 7, 2019.https://www.rediff.com/news/column/think-the-unthinkable-can-rahul-be-pm-in-2019/20180319.htm

36. Safi, Michael. 2018. “India: world's biggest election has suddenly become competitive.” The Guardian, December 31. Accessed April 9, 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/dec/31/india-worlds-biggest-election-has-suddenly-become-competitive

37. Singh. D.K. 2019. “Why Modi’s 2019 victory is more significant for India than his historic win in 2014.” The Print, May 23. Accessed May 31, 2019. https://theprint.in/india/why-modis-2019-victory-is-more-significant-for-india-than-his- historic-win-in-2014/239432/

38. Vaishnav, Milan. 2015. Understanding the Indian Voter. Washington DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

39. Venkatachalam, K.S. 2019. “Can the BJP Hold on to Power?.” The Diplomat, February 01. Accessed March 29, 2019. https://thediplomat.com/2019/02/can-the-bjp-hold-on-to-power/