India's General Election 2019: the Battle in Political Field

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Abdunrohman Mukem


In this article, ‘India’s General Election 2019: The Battle in Political Field’, the researcher attempts to study the general election in India in 2019, the approaches of the political parties and the factors accounting for their prospects of winning the election. This study is a comparative analysis of the 2014 and 2019 general elections; it also consider the result of state election in 2018 to see how this had any impact on the election 2019, as well as the strategies adopted by the parties to create perceptions in the people’s mind. The researcher has concentrated on the weaknesses and strengths of the political parties for the future of the Indian political system.

The study has come with the following findings: (i) India’s general election 2019 became a ‘risky way’ for Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Narendra Modi to come back for the power again. BJP failed in political propagandas: the job creation policy to solve India’s unemployment, the uplift of farmers and other policies could not be translated into reality in the last 5 years. These factors let BJP supporters down in the state election 2018 and the ‘bad sign’ for India general election in 2019. However, Modi is better than Rahul Gandhi insofar as experiences are concerned, and he is humble and simple man, impressing people with his hospitality. These personal traits accounted for his victory in this election 2019. (ii) The Indian National Congress (INC) was an ‘unfortunately situation’ of India’s election 2014 and it won only 44 seats from 464 candidates. Moreover, the leader of INC, Rahul Gandhi, had been down in his popularity, and his prospect of of becoming the Prime Minister of India had been even smaller. The INC placed Priyanka Gandhi in a senior organizational role in India’s opposition Congress Party and offered to a select ‘Accidental Prime Minister.’ (iii) The last fighting consisted in requesting Indians to support the policies of the parties. BJP was presenting the policy of Doubling of Farmer’s Incomes, Pucca, Healthcare Centers and others. INC propagated new policies such as Nyuntam Aay Yojana (NYAY), Seva Mitra, Healthcare and others.  

Lastly, this latest fight in Indian politics can shows that the popularity of BJP is still very much stronger than that of INC. Many factors are involved here, and one of this is that BJP is ready to move India forward amidst uncertainty of the economic situation, political instability and world politics. The general political perception is that the senior person “Brand Modi” is the best way to run the country amidst the future challenges of world politics.

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Mukem, A. (2019). India’s General Election 2019: the Battle in Political Field. ASIA PARIDARSANA, 40(2), 57–96. Retrieved from
บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)
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