• Xue Jianzhi Faculty of Education Bangkok Thonburi University
  • Ntapat Worapongpat Faculty of Education Bangkok Thonburi University


Adaptability of Freshmen, Dalian Luxun Academy of Fine Arts, interpersonal relationships


The research on the adaptability of freshmen of Dalian Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts is based on the premise of fostering more comprehensive development of college students. The research was mixed methodology research consisting of qualitative research and quantitative research. The population was 150 freshmen from Dalian Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts, and the sample size was determined to be 145 by simple random sampling method based on more than 95% of the total population. The instrument used for data collection was a five-level rating scale questionnaire, in interpersonal relationships, learning, campus life, and career selection, Self-emotional adaptation questionnaire survey in five aspects. The analysis data uses special software for data analysis, and the percentage, average, standard deviation, and p-value are analyzed. Conducted research and found that:

1) The overall adaptation level of the freshmen of Dalian Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts is relatively good. Freshmen adapt best to interpersonal relationships, as well as to adapt to learning and campus life. Freshmen also have better emotional adaptability. However, the adaptability to career selection is relatively poor, but the overall adaptability of the freshmen of Dalian Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts is relatively good and the adaptability is high.

2) Among the gender differences, there is no significant difference in the adaptation of interpersonal relationships, career choice, and self-emotional adaptation regardless of whether they are male or female Dalian Luxun Academy of Fine Arts freshmen. There are differences between boys and girls in learning adaptation and campus life adaptation, and the adaptability of boys in both aspects is higher than that of girls.

  3) Regarding the difference between whether they are the only child and the place of birth, whether they are the only child or not, the freshmen of Dalian Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts have no adaptation in the five aspects of interpersonal relationship adaptation, learning adaptation, campus life adaptation, career adaptation, and self-emotion adaptation. Significant difference.


Download data is not yet available.


Duan Xingli, Ye Jin & Quan Lihua. (2008). An analysis of the problem of collegefreshmen's adaptation to admission. Journal of Ideological andTheoretical Education. (04), 68-70.

Fang Mingzhu & Xu Liangwen. (2015). The application and development status of the behavioral stage change theory. Health Research (02), 121-123+126.

Feng Tingyong, Su Zhuang, Li Hong, et al. (2006) Development of learnin adaptation scale forcollege students. Journal of psychology.

Guangming Daily: The proposal and implementation of quality education retrieved December 7, 2009.From t20091207_37663.html.

Gu Mingyuan. (1998). Dictionary of Education: Shanghai Education Press.

Huang Muhe. (1991) Several issues on Educational Administration. Research onEducational Management.

Kang Lifang. (2012). Freshmen's adaptability problems and countermeasures. Master's thesis, Central China Normal University.

Liang Jing. (2016). Analysis and countermeasures of adaptability problems of freshmen undergraduates. Modern Communication (13), 146.

Lin Chongde, Yang Zhiliang, Huang Xiting. (2004). Dictionary of Psychology. Shanghai: Shanghai Education Publishing.

Li Meng'e. (2009). Evolutionary analysis of the development of education management at home and abroad. Industry and Technolog Forum. (03),162-163.

Liu Jianhong. (2005). Research on the Definition of Freshmen's CopinFlexibility Types and Their Relationship with Admission Adaptation. Master's thesis, East China Normal University.

Lu Xiongwen. (2013). Dictionary of management: Shanghai Dictionary Publishing House.

Pei Xuejin. (2006). Psychological adjustment methods for college freshmen during the adaptation period. Chinese School Health (02), 161-162.

Piaget. (1988). Psychology and Epistemology. Translated by Yuan Hui and Zheng Weimin, Realistic Press.

Qi Jian. (2013). Theoretical Thinking of Educational Management Research. Doctoral Dissertation, Central China Normal University.

Sun Menglin. (2014) Freshmen's Adaptability and Educational Countermeasures. Journal of HunanIndustrial Vocational and Technical College14(01): 121-122.

Tao Sha. (2002)College students' admission adaptation from the perspective of whole life development. Journal of Beijing Normal University (SOCIALSCIENCE EDITION).

World Health Organization, "2018 World Health Statistics Report" Retrieved June 6, 2018, from

Wu Xiangdong. (2004). Explanation of the connotation of the overall development of human beings. Teaching and Research (01), 84-87.

Yang Yanling. (2005). Problems and Countermeasures of Freshmen's learning adaptation. Journal of National Institute of education administration.

Yan Jianliang. (2015). Research on the Standardization of University Freshmen's Adaptive Education. Master's Thesis, North China Electric Power University.

Yu Manyue, Guangming Daily: The main results of national education statistics in 2020 are released, Retrieved March 2, 2021, from 202103/t20210302_516416.html

Zhang Fuquan. (1983). Revisiting a forgotten discipline. Education series.

Zhang Miao. (2017). Research on learning adaptability problems and Countermeasures of Freshmen: from the perspective of self-identity theory. Journal of Henan University of Technology: Social Science Edition.

Zhang Xinping. (1996, 4). Dilemma and outlet of educational management research. Shanghai educational research.

Zhang Yaoting. (2012). On college freshmen's learning maladjustment and its coping strategies. Contemporary Educational Science (05), 45-47.

Zhu Qian. (2016). The Application of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory in the Entrance Education of Freshmen in Higher Vocational Colleges. Journal ofLianyungang Vocational and Technical College (03), 86-89.

Zhu Zhixian. (1989). Dictionary of Psychology. Beijing: Beijing Normal University Press.

Al-Oaisy. (2010). Adjustment of College Freshmen: the Importance of Gender and the Place of Residence. International Journal of Psychological Studies. vol.6: 35-38.

Aseltine RH.&Gore S. (1993). Mental health and social adaptation following the transition from high school. Journal of Research on Adolescence.

Emel. (2003). How Students Feel about Adapting to Life in College.Russian Education and Society. vol.45: 55-68.

Kristina Stockinger, Raven Rinas, Martin Daumiller. (2021). Student adaptability, emotions, and achievement: Navigating new academic terrains in a global crisis.Department of Psychology, University of Augsburg, Germany Learning and Individual Differences 90 (2021) 102046

Puher. (2009).The Big Five Personality Traits as Predictors of Adjustment to College. Master Thesis Presented at Villanova University.

Simon L & Roland R. (1995). Test of Reaction and Adaptation in College (TRAC) A New Measure of Learning Propensity for College Students. Journal of Educational Psychology.