CONTROL OF ILLEGAL, UNREPORTED AND UNREGULATED (IUU) FISHING CASE STUDY OF THAILAND AND REPUBLIC OF PHILIPPINES

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chalermchon katejulom

Abstract

Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IUU Fishing). It originate from United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 Article 61 the convention of marine resources, Article 62 sustainable use of aquatic resources. Because the world’s fishing grounds are being destroyed by inappropriate fishing lead to the amount. Marine fish are failing too fast for nature to be produced as a substitute. Subsequently, The European Union has made a stand againt their own action plans in accordance with EU regulation No. 1005/2008 issued a warning by giving a yellow card to Thailand in 2015. If IUU Fishing is not resolved. Fishery products from Thailand will not be able to deliver to market in the EU. Thailand has amended Emergency Decree on Fisheries B.E. 2558 (2015), until the yellow card was released in 2019. However, until now there are still problems that need to be resolved. Meanwhile, The Replublic of Philipphines which received notification in year 2014, release the yellow card quickly in 2015 by amending the fishing law to solve the said problem. Therefore, Thailand should take advantage of the fishing law of the Replublic of Philipphines. Revised version in 2015 as one way to solve problem IUU Fishing in Thailand. From the study found that should amend Emergency Decree on Fisheries B.E. 2558 regarding the granting of credit to fishing operator, resolve highly punitive penalties for fishing offenses, allowing Thailand to have a networkwith other regional fishery resource management organizations and to promote participation of fishery operators and other revant parties to be concrete.

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