Behavior Modification Using the Differential Reinforcement of Low Rates Technique and Token Economy to Improve English Handwriting among Thai Students

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Sovaritthon Chansaengsee


In this study, behavior modification was used to enhance students’ English handwriting. Twelve Thai students were included in this study. The target behavior was their ability to write English neatly in order to be readable. Problem behaviors identified were writing too quickly, concentrating on other activities, and chatting with friends. A behavior modification technique was used (Differential Reinforcement of Low Rates – DRL) along with praise and a token economy. All subjects were asked to write an essay as per normal, but they would obtain a token when they accomplished the given task. Tokens could be exchanged for two provided gifts. Three months after the experiment commenced, subjects were retested by a rubric. The result of the behavior modification was quite satisfying since the students’ handwriting could be read clearly and their writing skills had developed. The technique could be applied to other classes such as language, science, and history which involve handwritten work.


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