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This study compares the 2012 IQA assessment results of the private higher education institutions in Thailand classified by size of institutions, location or site of institutions and type (local or international type of institution). In addition, the study compares the IQA assessment results and the overall EQA assessment results of private higher education institutions in Thailand and compares the performance of Asia-Pacific International University with other private higher education institutions. There are several findings for the study. First, the results reveal the overall level of internal quality assurance was at ‘very good’ level. For each of the components, the institution received ‘very good’ in six of the components except the three components: Teaching and Learning; Research; and Internal Quality Assurance System and Mechanisms. Second, There was a statistically significant difference of quality level in the component of Administration and Management related to different size of institutions. Third, Institutions located outside Bangkok Metropolitan Region possessed a higher quality score in Student Development Activities. Fourth, there was no difference in quality level between institutions emphasising the Thai medium programme and institutions which emphasise the international programme. Fifth, there was no relation between the quality level of the IQA system and EQA system. Finally, the study found the high quality level of education in terms of input and process of AIU when compared with other private higher educational institutions.
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