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This survey research studied the correlation between knowledge, attitudes, and practices to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among students in High School Educational Regions 1 and 2, Bangkok, Thailand. It also compared their STI prevention practices according to their gender and parents’ marital status. A total of 349 high school students who were selected using a multi-stage quota sampling procedure responded to the survey. The correlation between students’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices was examined using Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation. Their knowledge was negatively correlated with their attitudes, but their attitudes were positively correlated with their STI prevention practices. STI prevention practices were then compared between genders and among three groups based on parents’ marital status using oneway ANOVA, Independent t-test, and Scheffe’s Post Hoc test. Female students generally had higher levels of STI prevention practices than did male students at a statistically significant level of 0.05. However, parental marital status did not have a statistically significant effect on STI prevention practices. The results of the study emphasize the importance of adolescent sex education and the promotion of appropriate sexual attitudes and practices.
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