Students’ Perception of the CoI-based Online Flipped Approach Learning Mandarin as a Foreign Language

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Wee Ling Kuan


The Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework and the online flipped learning approach have both been extensively investigated as effective instructional designs in online courses; however, there has been little discussion on CoI-based online flipped-Mandarin as a foreign language learning. In this study students’ perception of the CoI-based online flipped MFL learning was examined together with the relationship among teaching presence, cognitive presence, and social presence in online flipped MFL learning. In this study a non-experimental research design and convenience sampling were employed. Data were collected using the CoI questionnaire, which was distributed to 103 full-time undergraduate students enrolled in elementary MFL courses. Descriptive results revealed that design and organization in the teaching presence featured the most; meanwhile, group cohesion in the social presence featured the least. Pearson’s correlation test results showed that a significant relationship existed among the three variables (teaching, cognitive, and social presence), with a particularly strong and positive correlation between the cognitive and social presence. These findings could help shape a new pedagogical design and improve online teaching practices.


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