The Perceptions of Gender-Based Violence A Cross-Sectional Study among University Students at Asia-Pacific International University, Thailand

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D. Candace Perera
Maxine Newell


Gender-based violence (GBV), which primarily affects women's health, is predicted by attitudes conducive to the acceptance of such violence. While there are extensive studies on the perception of GBV and its correlation with gender, only a few studies have analyzed the attitudes toward GBV in a predominantly Christian, Asian university, and how religion correlates with GBV. This cross-sectional study empirically compared the difference in perception of GBV between genders and religions, using survey data collected from 182 students at Asia-Pacific International University, Thailand; female respondents comprised 54% of this number. The predictive factors of acceptance of GBV were assessed through an online questionnaire that included demographic data, attitudes toward gender norms and justification of GBV. The results showed that gender and gender role beliefs were significantly positively correlated, and that religion had a significant effect on the justification of GBV as shown by a one-way ANOVA. This study demonstrated that gender, religion, gender role beliefs, and justification of GBV had a significant effect on the attitudes toward acceptance of GBV.


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