Values and Changes of the Malay Vernacular Houses: A Case of Tammalang Canal Community, Satun Province

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Charida Pating
Wimonrart Issarathumnoon


The study aimed to investigate the changes in Malay vernacular houses in the Tammalang Canal Community. This community is in Satun Province, which is adjacent to the southernmost border of Thailand on the Andaman Sea coast. To the west, the community connects to the northernmost areas of Malaysia, including Perlis, Kedah, Penang, and Perak. It can be considered the origin of the Malay vernacular houses on the Andaman coast. The research had three primary objectives: (1) to understand the Malay vernacular houses in terms of environment and location, architecture, and uses; (2) to identify the value and authenticity of the houses; (3) and to study the factors affecting the change of the houses to propose guidelines for conservation and rehabilitation. The research method included collecting documentary data. This data will be used as a database referring to the characteristics of Malay vernacular houses. Field data were collected through interviews and surveys, taking photographs and recordings. The research selected Malay vernacular houses aged 100 to 40 years in the amount of 4 houses, which still show their identities, as case studies. Later, the collected data was analyzed to classify the types of houses. The research conclusions included understanding values, the transformation of Malay vernacular houses, and the factors of change and adaptation in the Tammalang Canal community.

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