Kalathesa Sathapattayakam Thai:Ruean Thai, Designed by Pinyo Suwankiri

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Pracha Sangsayan
Phongsakorn Yimsawat


This article is a part of research which purposes to examine concepts and traditional house design of Pinyo Suwankiri. The research assumes that the idea comes from the design philosophy, “kalathesa sathapattayakam Thai[appropriateness in Thai architecture]. The research methods include documentary data collection, field research, and an interview with the architect. Analyzing the data of 10 clusters of case studies, the study found that Thai architectural philosophy is related to the application of traditional Thai houses to suit today’s society. Case studies are divided into three groups: group 1, houses for commoners, group 2, residences of monks, and group 3, museums and offices for art and culture of educational institutions and governmental organizations.

The case studies of Thai houses demonstrate creative design strategies and effective development of house layouts that takes customs and proportions into account. Structural engineering and related mechanical systems are also considered. The application of local Thai wisdoms and beliefs help to create Thai houses that is suitable for today's society. All of these selected case studies reflect the design philosophy and identity of Pinyo Suwankiri in 3 important aspects: a national artist; an experience architect; and an educator who laid the foundation for the study of Thai architecture.


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