A Review of Architectural Design of Thai Railway Station

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Lapyote Prasittisopin
Suppapon Tetiranon
Wannapol Sadakorn


In the current day, having a well-functioning infrastructure system is becoming increasingly crucial, and as a result, countries must develop their railway systems to accommodate the growing demand for transporting goods and people. The majority of the rail system in Thailand still operates as a single-track system, causing delays in train schedules and the need for frequent stops to allow other trains to pass. Currently, long-distance train rides can be expensive and slow compared to flights or buses. Therefore, there is a clear need for Thailand to develop a high-speed railway system to meet the demands of the public. As a result, railway stations must be developed in along with the railway system to ensure that the needs are sufficiently met.

A literature review of railway stations and architectural design analysis from theses and drafts for construction theory between 1981 and 2022 emphasizes the importance of long-distance and high-speed railway stations. The study found that the architectural design of railway stations across the country generally consists of buildings no higher than four floors, with floor space ranging from 1,000 to 91,000 square meters, and the number of platforms ranging from two to eight. The roof structure was found to be a prominent feature of the station's design in many different forms, which can affect the functionality of the station in the hot and humid regions of Thailand.

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