Vietnamese skilled labor responds to job requirements in period 2011-2016.
In recent years, Vietnam labors’ skill has gradually improved. However, there still existing a gap between labors skill to the requirements of the work and the demand of labor market. This situation is clearly reflected though the unemployment rate of graduated student at college and university level and the shortages of skilled workers at vocational training. Currently, an imbalance between supply and demand of labor’s qualification to meet the requirements of the labor market is one of the most serious concerns of the education and vocation and training system in Vietnam in particular the development of national human resources in general. This paper uses Vietnam Labor Survey’s data (LFS) to analyze and assess the status of Vietnamese qualified/skilled labors to meet job requirements. Accordingly, the results point out the gap between the supply of skilled labors and labor market demand in general as well as the gap in every occupation and sector in the period 2011-2016. As a result, this paper provides the empirical evidence for the ineffective in current education and training system. The paper will propose effective and sustainable recommendations to adjust the policies of national human resource development, national education and training, labor and employment to meet the requirements development and integration of Vietnam in the coming years.
World Bank (2013), ”Skilling up Vietnam: Preparing the workforce for a modern market economy. Vietnam Development Report 2014”
World Economic Forum (2016), Regional Community Briefing “Human Capital Outlook Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)”
International Standard Classification of Occupations 2008 (ISCO-08);
Statistic yearbooks from 2010 to 2015, GSO; Vietnam Occupation Standard Classification 2007 (VSJC)
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