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In this study, differences regarding knowledge, attitudes, and preventive practices in relation to dengue fever and Chikungunya were investigated among villagers in the Muak Lek District, Saraburi Province. Respondents (N = 220) were purposively selected from a population of 436. Survey questionnaires were used for data collection, and the information was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The majority of respondents’ (71.82%) level of knowledge about dengue fever was at the highest level, whereas knowledge about Chikungunya was at a moderate level; this difference was statistically significant (p < .001). Attitudes regarding dengue fever and Chikungunya were at a moderate level, while dengue fever and Chikungunya prevention practices were at a high level. The findings showed that public health personnel, including health volunteer workers, should continue their public relations efforts with the villagers concerning knowledge and practices about dengue fever and Chikungunya prevention, including demonstrations of mosquito larva eradication campaigns.
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