Evaluation and Classification of the Recreation Opportunities Spectrum in Natural-Base Attractions, Chiang Rai Province

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Khwanruethai Krongyut
Duangsiri Poomvichuvech
Narumol Suman


The objectives of this research are to explore the potential of natural resources and to classify the recreation opportunity spectrum of 10 natural attractions in Chiang Rai. Assessed by 3 specialists in tourism planning and natural attraction management, the study uses 21 criteria for assessing the potential of natural attractions on the rating scale from 1 to 3 for potential of natural resources. Eight criteria for assessment are employed to rate the scale of recreational opportunities ranging from 1 to 5 score point. The measurement equation was employed for data analysis in order to divide the potential of natural tourism attractions into 3 classes and to classify their recreational potential into 6 levels.

The overall of the recreational site potential is average, with the score of 1.70. This includes low (below average) potential for the recreational activities with the nature-based attraction, adventure and ecotourism, with the scores 1.78, 1.74 and 1.70 respectively. Khun Korn Waterfall has the overall highest potential in the average level, with the score of 2:33 and is followed by, in the same level, Khun Jae Waterfall and Phu Kang Waterfall with the score of 2:23, 2:21. Tad Luang Waterfall, Mae Ka-jan Hot Spring, Num Load Cave, Pla Cave, ane Pha Cave have the low potential with the score of 1.07, 1.07, 1.36,1.52,1.54 respectively.

The spectrum of recreational potential of the natural attractions in Chiang Rai, which are classified as semi-developed, are Pla Cave, Pha Cave, Tad Luang Waterfall, and Phu Kang Waterfall, with the score of 2.20, 2.23, 2.60 and 2.51 respectively. Mae Ka-jan Hot Spring and Pha Seart Hot Spring are classified as a developed attraction site, with the score of 1.31 and 1.33. Khun Jae Waterfall and Phu Chi Fa are a semi-primitive non-motorized attraction site, with the score of 3.75 and 3.88. Khun Korn Waterfall is a semi-primitive motorized attraction site, with the score of 2.65. Num Load Cave is a primitive attraction site, with the score of 4.02 respectively.

     To increase the potential development of these natural attractions, Chaing Rai needs to utilize zoning land use and limiting recreational activities only to those that are environmental friendly in order to protect these tourism attractions from the undesirable effects of tourism activities. It needs to develop facilities that are not only environmentally friendly but also in harmony with nature by using locally outsourced materials to enhance and maintain the beauty of these sites.  It needs to enforce appropriate regulations on the activities done on the sites in order to prevent and protect both visitors and environment, as well as encourage local participation in the management of the attractions in order to create a sense of ownership and a commitment in promoting, protecting, and sustaining these invaluable natural resources.

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Krongyut , K. . ., Poomvichuvech, D. . ., & Suman, N. . . (2020). Evaluation and Classification of the Recreation Opportunities Spectrum in Natural-Base Attractions, Chiang Rai Province. Dusit Thani College Journal, 12(3), 102–117. Retrieved from https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/journaldtc/article/view/240951
Research Article


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