Factors Affecting School Administration Effectiveness in Public Upper Secondary Schools of Heze City, Shandong Province, the People’s Republic of China

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Shuyao Zhang
Kitpinit Usaho


                    The research aims to identify factors affecting school administration effectiveness in public upper secondary school of Heze City, Shandong province, The People’s Republic of China and to put forward relevant guidelines to improve the effectiveness of the school administration. This research used a mixed methods design of quantitative and qualitative analysis. The results describe four categories which affect school administration effectiveness from high to low levels. These are effective school leadership, teacher effectiveness, educational resources and organizational communication. The guidelines based on the research results are provided for the reference and use of the principals and teachers. The guidelines contain the following four aspects: (1) Effective school leadership - to communicate with each other and between school administrators and teachers. (2) Teacher effectiveness - to actively try to use a variety of ways to continuously strengthen the interaction with students in the teaching process, with timely feedback. (3) Organizational communication - the ability to design a reasonable school organization structure and focus on division of labor. (4)  Educational resources - to actively focus on the improvement of the school’s hardware equipment and software programs to find ways to make the school funds sustainable and prosperous.


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