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The aims of this study were 1) to study the differences of personal characteristics of probation officers affecting the practices of non-custodial measures, Tokyo rules 2) to study the correlation between the human resource management and the practices of non-custodial measures, Tokyo rules in the Department of Probation of Thailand, And 3) to understand the problems and obstacles of the human resource management and the practices of non-custodial measures, Tokyo rules within Department of Probation of Thailand In this study, the combination of quantitative and qualitative data source was used with analytical methods by collecting the sample group, 297 probation officers in Bangkok area, and interviewing 5 civil servants in Department of Probation respectively.
The result revealed that 1) the differences in personal factor of probation officers affecting the practice of non-custodial measures, Tokyo rules in Department of Probation are not different, 2) the human resource management factors, including recruitment, observe activities, further education, public relation, performance appraisal and benefit and other compensation, were related to the practice of non-custodial measures, Tokyo rules with 0.5 significance level and able to predict the practice of non-custodial measures, Tokyo rules with its 40.6 percent accountability.
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